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Shakespeare: The World as Stage
Transcript of Shakespeare: The World as Stage
The World as Stage
Of the 230 plays which survive
from Shakespeare's time, 38 belong
to Shakespeare himself.
William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, UK in April 1564 and baptised in Trinity Church on April 26th. He was likely born a few days earlier. His birthday is celebrated on April 23rd.
He was the third of eight children and the first boy.
Due to his Father's position as a craftsman (glover, tanner & wool-dealer) Shakespeare was able to attend grammar school & receive a good education where he learned Latin, literature and rhetoric.
Shakespeare wed Anne Hathaway on November 27, 1582 and the two continued to live in Stratford-upon-Avon. William was 18 & Anne, 28.
The Shakespeares had a daughter, Susanna, in May of 1583 & twins, Judith & Hamnet, in 1585.
Shakespeare was working in London by 1592,
but there were plenty of perils to his progress,
including food shortages & the bubonic plague.
Shakespeare drew his inspiration from other
plays of the period & from historical accounts.
It is unknown why Shakespeare left his family & moved to London, but it's possible that he couldn't pursue a career in Stratford or needed a better means of provision. Some stories say that Shakespeare still visited his family once a year.
Shakespeare began as an actor, and
by 1592 had become well-known enough
to offend an academic man who called
him an "upstart crow."
In 1594, Shakespeare was known as both an actor and a playwright & performed before the Queen.
1597: Shakespeare's plays are first printed
1599: Shakespeare's company builds The Globe Theatre and begins staging his greatest plays as the "Lord Chamberlain's Men"
1609: Shakespeare's "Sonnets" are published
1603: King James takes the throne upon Queen Elizabeth's death; Shakespeare's company becomes the "King's Men" and Shakespeare becomes a minor court official
In 1611 or 1612, Shakespeare retired from theatrical life in London and returned to his family in Stratford-upon-Avon
Shakespeare's only son, Hamnet, died in 1596
The Globe burned during a performance of Shakespeare's
"Henry VIII" in 1613
When Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616, he left most of his estate to his daughter, Susanna Hall, wife of a doctor in Stratford-upon-Avon
He left his wife, Anne Hathaway, "the second best bed, with the furniture"
Other famous playwrights from the period include Ben Jonson & Christopher Marlowe.