Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Organic Molecules

No description
by

Brooke Wilks

on 13 September 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Organic Molecules

Carbohydrates

CH O
2
Sugars and Starches
Many monosaccharides put together
* Polysaccharides
Monosaccharide
"One Sweet"
1 unit of sugar
Many Sweet
These are simple sugars
-Donuts
-Pizza
These are complex carbs
-Whole grains
-Spinach
Polysaccharides in Animals and Plants
Plants
Animals
-Chitin
-Cellulose
Lipids
Saturated fats
Unsaturated Fats
HDL: Cholesterol that gets carried to your liver to be broken down
Organic Molecules
* Monounsaturated fats are GOOD for you! They lower LDL cholesterol.
Proteins
Not important for nutrition
Nucleic Acids
Partially hydrogenated oil
Trans Fats
Force hydrogen atoms onto any available Carbons
Proteins have the same structure except where the amino acids attach to the carbon chain... SEE!
There are 20 Amino Acids
Nine Essential Amino Acids
Methionine

Valine
Histidine
Threonine
Phenylalanine
Leucine
Isoleucine

Tryptophan
Lysine
Corn
Beans and other legumes
How do vegetarians get the other 9 amino acids if they don't eat meat?
* Amino Acids are joined by a PEPTIDE BOND
Peptide Bonds
* The polymers of amino acids are polypeptides... (seeing a pattern?)
Your body can make 11 all by itself. The other 9 can ALL be found in meat
10's of thousands of arrangements of amino acids

-The order and number determines the structure/function
1)Fats & Oils
2)Cholesterol
3) Steroids
*Fats are for long term energy storage
DNA and RNA
Parts and pieces:
* Phosphate group
* Nitrogen base
* Pentose sugar (either ribose of deoxyribose)

DNA is double stranded
Sugars are attached to the phosphates to make a backbone.
The nitrogenous bases dangle from the backbone
The nitrogenous bases from one strand attaches to the other
MONOMER= Nucleotides

Polymer=
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotides
The sugar-phosphate backbone are joined by a covalent bond
The nitrogen bases are joined by a hydrogen bond
If the DNA were to "break", where would it likely do so?
*There are single bonds between the carbons.
* This makes the molecule straight.


* They are
solid
at room temperature.
(And gummy in your arteries)
* There are double bonds between the carbon chain
* Makes the structure bent so they are
liquid
at room temperature
LDL: Cholesterol that gets carried to your arteries! Eww
Cholesterol
Insert face here!
What is the function of protein??



Carbohydrate monomers & polymers
The polymers of carbohydrates are called...
Lipid Monomer
Monomer=
amino acids
When carbohydrates are broken down they provide energy for the cell
What are the monomers of the 4 macromolecules we learned about today?
Vocab
Monomer:
Polymer:
A single unit or molecule that can be linked with other monomers
Many monomers linked together makes a polymer
Include:
Which is better for you, simple sugars or complex carbs? Explain your answer with the data
Candy bonus!
Which organelle is responsible for producing cellulose?
Explain your answer
1. look at the molecular structures. What is the difference between saturated and unsaturated fats?

2. Which one stacks up and is solid at room temp?


3. Which one doesn't stack up as easily and is liquid at room temp?
Explain why you need to eat corn and beans to get all essential amino acids.
Explain the data. What does this show?
* Glycerides
Organic Molecules all contain _______________
Protein
Nucleic Acid
Lipid
Carbs
CARBON!!
Which of the following is an organic molecule... HOW DO YOU KNOW???
HF
H 0
2
hydrofluoric acid
water
C H O
6 12 6
glucose
H SO
2
sulfuric acid
Found in these foods..
Monomer=
Means=
it is....
Examples: Glucose & Fructose
Polymer=
disaccharide
&
polysaccharide
means= 2 sweet
it is...2 units of sugar
examples:
sucrose
maltose
lactose
means= many sweet
it is... many units of sugar
examples:
Starch & fiber
**These are complex carbohydrates!
In carbohydrates the C, H and O are in a 1 to 2 to 1 ratio
element
C
H
O
6
12
6
10
11
example 1
example 2
example 3
The 4 Organic Molecules are
* Carbohydrates
* Lipids
*Proteins
*Nucleic Acids
What is the function of carbohydrates for our bodies??
c
c
c
c
c
5
5
22
11
Include
Found in these foods...
* oils
* butters
* animal fats (lard)
* Include a glycerol &
3 fatty acids
Lipid Polymer
lots of those together
What is the function of lipids?
* Fats make up our cell membranes
Draw on smart board
* hydrophobic
* hydrophillic
* orientation
Polymer=
Polypeptide/
protein
CHO
elements
CHON
elements
Found in these foods....
meats
beans
legumes
eggs
nuts
Proteins pretty much do everything!


* Regulation of
enzymes
* Regulation of
hormones
* Growth
* Repair
* Body functions -vision, movement, digestion
Building proteins
Each monomer (_____ ____) is linked together by a special bond called a peptide bond.
* That's why proteins are also called ____________
amino acid
polypeptide
what are these?
What are those?
what do you call this whole thing highlighted in blue?
elements
CHONP
What is the function of nucleic acids??
* Store genetic information!

elements
breads
grains
pastas
fruits
veggies
What is an enzyme?


What 3 thing does it do?




What 2 things can denature enzymes?
Enzymes
protein
speeds up chemical reactions
builds things up
breaks things down
Temperature & pH
Special note- enzymes are not used up after use.
They can be used over and over again. Like a key.
Function of Carbs
found in....
all foods
Examples:
Full transcript