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Mediterranean Sea Trade
Transcript of Mediterranean Sea Trade
Mediterranean Sea Trade
Mediterranean sea trade promoted the growth of the Byzantine Empire. Over time, Byzantium continued to be a trading center, a cross roads for different culture due to it's cultural and commercial connections
Also, with the exponential decrease in Europe's population, trade decreased- negatively affecting Europe's economy
All different types of ideas diffused along the Mediterranean trade route
Gun powder was introduced to Europe in 1252 (introduced either by the Mongols or along the Silk Road) forever changing warfare
Gutenberg printing press invented in 1436 increased the impact of new ideas
Between 600 and 1450, trading across the Mediterranean would influence the developments of societies and the diffusion of new innovations and ideas all across Europe and other surrounding areas.
During the Middle Ages, religion acted as a centripetal force, bringing people together in times of political fragmentation. The church offered stability during hard times.
New innovations like the south pointing needle compass and improved ship building strategies increased the efficiency and volume of trade during this time. The Vikings adapted their ships so that they could navigate shallow rivers and travel throughout Europe. Although trade continued throughout this time period, it's methods changed and morphed over time to adapt to the ever changing environment. With new technology, long distance trade increased. These new conditions altered the structures of ancient civilization.
The Black Plague was a bubonic plague spread by rats carrying fleas with Yersinia Pestis that killed millions of people during the Dark Ages. Although historians argue how it came to be in Europe, most believe it to have traveled in through the Silk Road, demonstrating the significance trade routes had during this time.
This plague created a huge shortage in laborers, encouraging those left to demand more payment, which, when denied, lead to revolts.
Although religions during this time made a push for equality, societies remained patriarchal and unequal.
Some religions (Buddhism and Christianity) allowed women to partake in monastic roles, but mostly women participated domestically in trade and craft.
Women in the Byzantine Empire ran businesses, participated in church as nuns or deaconesses, and sometimes participated in political affairs.
Byzantine women received an education, but more advanced learning opportunities were limited
Along the Mediterranean, architectural styles differed...
Greek and Roman style influenced Greek Orthodox churches (domes and arches) while Roman Catholic
Cathedrals had a more Romanesque, Gothic style
Greek Orthodox Churches
The Great Schism
The Great Schism in 1054: Byzantium (Greek Orthodox) and the West (Roman Catholic) both excommunicated each other, creating tension between the two societies affecting trade and interaction
Other Important Info
Remember! the people of Byzantium didn't know themselves as Byzantines, they thought of themselves as Romans.
The Capital of Byzantium was Constantinople, it was a significant trading center which was the cause of many wars
Byzantine fought to keep their land from the Ottoman Turks and the Muslims
Justinian (emperor of Byzantium) is remembered for his code of law
This trade route is responsible for the diffusion of major religions, important innovations, and the spread of diseases, all of which would alter the course of our history. Languages, new technology, and different cultures the spread all along trade routes during this time, resulting in diverse, sufficient societies.
Christianity and Islam were (and are still) universalizing religions, encouraging new adherents
Islam diffused rapidly early on, first along trade routes
Islamic beliefs drove significant political, economic, and military organization that altered the map of the world
Crusades would damage the Christian's relationship with the Muslims
Trading routes were crucial for the spread of religions during this time period