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Cognitive Development in Adolescence
Transcript of Cognitive Development in Adolescence
in Adolescence Formal Operational Thinking Hypothetico-Deductive Reasoning 1. Inductive Phase 2. Testing Phase 3. Deductive Phase Reflective Abstraction Thinking about thinking Formal Operational Reasoning 50% of tenth graders use it on pendulum prob. heuristic - shortcut for thinking Adolescent Egocentrism Imaginary Audience The Personal Fable Social Cognition
Thinking about people
relationships Impression Formation Social Perspective Taking Domains of Social Knowledge Moral Domain Social-Conventional Domain Personal Domain Political & Religious Thinking Dropouts Main reason for dropping out: don't like school Preventing:
Early ID of potential dropouts
Effective, flexible instruction Effects of School Transitions
from elementary schools
to high school Gender Differences Associational fluency females better producing synonyms Spatial-visual skills spatial perception - horizontal/vertical mental rotation - imagine objects rotated or position changed spatial visualization - see figures in other figures males outperform females Math & Science Skills males better on tests females better on grades girls lack of confidence contributes to differences Family Influences Gender Bias in School Influence of
Strategies & Stereotypes girls do better on conventional probs. boys do better on unconventional probs. Cultural influences Piaget's Formal Operations Video 3 Types of Social Perspective Taking xtranormal Adolescent Girl http://www.teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?video_id=104225&title=3_Types_of_Perspective_Taking