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Somatoform and Dissociative Disorders
Transcript of Somatoform and Dissociative Disorders
SOMATOFORM AND DISSOCIATIVE DISORDERS
Somatoform disorders refer to a variety of physical symptoms for which there is no apparent physical cause.
Major types of somatoform disorders identified by psychologists:
Conversion Disorder is the conversion of emotional difficulties into the loss of a specific physiological function (walking, moving, talking...)
Psychologists believe that people unselfconsciously invent physical symptoms to gain freedom from unbearable conflict.
People curiously accept the loss: la belle indifference. This is a sign of psychological not physiological problem.
Different from conversion disorders.
A person who is in good health becomes preoccupied with imaginary ailments.
The person spends a lot of time looking for signs of serious illness and misinterprets minor aches, bruises, and bumps as early signs of a major illness.
Inability to recall important personal events or information; is usually associated with stressful events.
Dissociative disorder in which a person suddenly and unexpectedly travels away from home or work and is unable to recall the past.
Dissociative Identity Disorder
Dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more personality states, each with its own patterns of thinking and behaving.
Disorders in which a person experiences alterations in memory, identity, or consciousness.
May result from a traumatic event, like witnessing a terrible accident.
Like dissociative amnesia it is a way to escape from unbearable conflict or anxiety.
It might be the result of a person's effort to escape from the part of themselves that they fear. The "secret self" emerges in the form of a separate personality.
Material en español
Material en Español