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Transcript of LAMBORGHINI
By: Lauran Joe Kandrac-Reca
April 28 1916, Ferrucio Lamborghini was born to his parents Antonio and Evelina.
His father was a very rich farmer.Ferrucio grew up to love automobiles such
as motorcycles, cars and tractors. He did not see himself as a farmer
and was interested instead in machinery. Soon after he graduated from
industrial technology he enlisted himself in the army. He was stationed in the island of Rhodes. Their station held out until May 1st 1945. The British occupied the island making Ferrucio a prisoner of war. Having gone into the war to be a mechanic, he found himself lucky for the British made him work in the motor pool. In 1946 he was released back home. Not long after, Ferrucio opened a mechanical garage in Cento, Italy where he was born. There he kept cars and tractors in running condition. When he married in 1947 they gave birth to Tonino Lamborghini but during birth his wife died.
Now Lamborghini was a very rich man and he was interested in building helicopters. In 1959 he had prototypes flying in the air. He had to give it up because the government would not fund it. In 1960 Lamborghini Burners was created. Like his other company, it was a success. Now with two fortunes, Lamborghini started to get interested in making cars. He owned the best ones already, the Maserati's, Ferrari's and Jaguar's and he felt they all had faults, big ones. He needed his car had to be perfect, without a defect and with a V12 engine. Then his Ferrari broke. When he was repairing it, he found that the parts Ferrari used were almost identical to his tractor parts and Ferrari was charging almost nine times the price! He later met Enzo Ferrari and since Ferrari was rather arrogant their time together was not long. At this point being a mechanical genius he knew that he could build a car to rival Ferrari's.He only accepted perfection and superior quality. He needed a factory to build his cars so he chose the location in Sant' Agata, Bolognese, Italy. The factory was to be completed in 1964 but there was some technical difficulties so it wouldn't be in use until later on. It would become the most state of the art building in all of Italy, made entirely of glass. Now all he needed was some "new recruits" and he got some from Ferrari. His first was Bizzarrini who helped create Lamborghini's first V12 engine that was used in his first car. As much as Bizzarrini helped Lamborghini, he got replaced by Giampaolo Dallaro who finished Bizzarini's design. He had two assistants, Paolo Stanzani and Bob Wallace
In 1966 the Lamborghini Miura was shown at the Geneva Motor Show. It was named after Don Eduardo Miura, a famous fighting bull breeder. It was priced at 4425£. Its high speed was at 273 km/h or 170 mph.
It got a sensational review, had revolutionary mechanics and more importantly, was a big hit. The head lights were open and had "eye lashes" for cooling the front brakes. On the middle of the engine hatch their was two grilles for air to flow in so that the radiator would always be cool and never over heat. All these features were exclusive to the Miura. 111 were sold in 1967 and 184 were sold in 1968, 150 sold in 1969 and 158 in 1970. Then the Miuras (S: sport V: Veloce).
After decommissioning the Miura 763 models were sold. Lamborghini was at a loss, he was broke and sold out 51 percent of the company to Fiat and in 1970 Ferrucio Lamborghini stepped down as the head in his company. Labor unrest in Italy and rising gas prices as well as failing tractor deals finished Lamborghini's dream. In 1978 the company was officially declared bankrupt.
The Lamborghini Aventador LP700-4 is the predecessor of the Murcielago coming out in 2011. With a 6.5 V12 engine and a top speed of 217 mph, it is one of the fastest Lamborghini's available. When you press your foot down all the way it jumps from 0 to 62 mph in just 2.9 seconds. Helped by its all wheel drive it can get to 150 mph in 14.0 seconds. Based on the looks of a fighter jet, the inside resembles one very well. The starter button is covered by a red flap which when opened,
reveals a black stater button which turns
the car on. Costing almost half of a
million dollars, its worth every penny.
Made in Italy from the creators of the super car
this Lamborghini packs a huge punch. Very low to the ground it is up their with Ferrari's F12 Berlinetta. Just like the Gallardo, the Aventador has models based on its design like the Aventador Spyder and Aventador j. Lamborghini always succeeds in making exclusive models and the Aventador j, with only 20 models made is
one of the most exclusive cars Lamborghini has ever made.
The most common, and least expensive car that Lamborghini has made in the 21st century is the great
Lamborghini Gallardo, with a V12 engine that could produce 560 hp depending on what type it is.
The price ranges from 202,000 to 250,000 depending on what you are getting with it and what model it is.
It can reach 0-62mph in just 4.2 seconds, thats fast but not as fast as some other models.
It was first produced in 2003 and went out of commission in 2013. There are many different types of the Gallardo, the Spyder Performante and the regular Spyder. Almost all of the models are available to the public but there are a few that Lamborghini had made to use in his company for Squadra course. Even though the Gallardo is not being made any more, they are still available in stores. All masterpieces have their end just like how the Lamborghini Gallardo replaced the Jalpa and the car that's taking the Gallardo out of business is the Huracan LP610-4.The last Gallardo made was the Lamobrghini 570-4 Spyder Performante in November 25, 2013 and sold to a private automobile collector. 14,022 were made during its years of pruduction.
What is a super car
At the time Ferrucio owned a Fiat 500 but it had been upgraded to unrecognizable status. He made a new body and turned it into a two seated car.
His father being a farmer needed a new tractor and Ferrucio made him one. The engine was fitted with a vaporizer, one of Ferrucio's own design's, which could also be warmed up on petrol. This was getting a lot of attention and orders were coming in to own the Lamborghini Tractors. His garage soon turned into Lamborghini Tractoria because more and more demands for tractors were coming in. In 1954, his garage transformed into a factory.
Lamborghini Tractoria becomes the 3rd largest tractor company in Italy. Thirty-five tractors were being sold each day.
The car they were designing was being tested in every road condition possible. This car was going to be shown at the Turin Motor Show. It was called the 350 G.T.V. (G: Gran T: Tourismo V: Veloce (fast). It resembled a mix mash of cars. On the right of the hood their was a crest that resembled the bull Taurus and Lamborghini written under neath it. When they remodeled it, they had concealed headlights and enlarged the bull and put it in the middle of the front of the car. They also renamed it the 350 G.T. and made it unrecognizable. Its top speed was 265 km/h or 165 mph. It costs 3157£. In 1964 only 13, 350 G.T.'s were made that year because the factory was not in use. In 1965, 76 cars were sold but he did not like the look of the car so he made the GT. Zagato. It was shown at the Geneva Motor Show but resembled a Ferrari.
In 1966 the father of super car Furrucio Lamborghini unleashed his dream of creating the most powerful car in the market. Lamborghini Miura. He forced the evolution of the modern day sports car. He reshaped the idea of what a sports car is created the first ever super car. With the strength of the bull his V12 engine and beautiful designs are the foundation for every Lamborghini super car. It all started because an engineer wanted rival Ferrari and doing so beat him at his own game.
Over the years there was many offers to help the company. For example in 1974 they came out with the Miura's predecessor, the Countach LP500
(L: Longitudinal P: Posterior 5 Litri). After this, Ferrucio Lamborghini remarried to Maria Teresa and their daughter, Patrizia Lamborghini was born.
All of Lamborghini's cars are named after a famous fighting bull, breed or breeder except the Countach. It is the first car that is not named after something to do with fighting bulls, instead it is named after astonishment and praise. It was first nicknamed Countach after Bertone the designer finished it just in time for the Geneva Motor Show and the name stuck. Just like the Miura, the car was a hit, with 289 km/h or 180mph it was he fastest "Lambo" yet. Priced at 15184£, 30 were built in 1974, 40 were built in 1975. Then a new model came out and was called the Countach LP400s and 16 were built and then 40 in 1979 and in 1980, 120 were built.
The Chrysler Company bought Lamborghini's firm in 1987. In 1990 the Lamborghini Diablo was introduced replacing the Countach
In 1993 the revolutionary mechanic, Ferrucio Lamborghini died in Perugia, Italy. He was 73 years old. His death leaves his mark in the automobile business. Lamborghini fulffils his dream of competing against the best.
Super Cars are the car that every one wants to have. The average price ranges from two hundred thousand dollars to four point six million dollars. Unfortunately these cars are more likely to appear in your dreams than in your garage. The V10 or V12 engine separates these cars from the sports cars. Being the fastest and most expensive cars on the road, they would have to look different, and they do, with their exotic appearance. Their mechanics are designed for excellent performance. Their bodies are made out of carbon fiber making the structure extremely light. With this latest technological advance the cars can jump from 0-62 mph in just 2.46 seconds. But what was the first super car?
Knowing that that Lamborghini company was in jeopardy. Many partners such as Swiss sugar tycoons and Chrysler in the 1980's, and Indonesian investors in the 1990's could not recreate the successful super car. Management problems and conflict with designs tore the company apart. In 1997 the grandson of Porsche,
Ferdinand Piech the chairman of Volkswagen and Audi brought the company into a German/Italian alliance. For the next decade from 2001 to 2011 the first new design in eleven years is built. This super car is the Lamborghini Murcielago. By 2010 forty one hundred cars were built. In 2003 to 2010 the Gallardo was refreshed and with technical changes the Superleggera was introduced. In 2011 the Aventador LP700-4 with new carbon fiber body and aluminum front and back. This partnership brought back and reinvented the super car. Last year marks the 50th anniversary of the Lamborghini company. To honor this event the Reventon Limited edition at 2 million dollars was introduced as Batman's drive in the Dark knight. The Veneno was the signature of the Automobil Lamborghini . Only three were built and they cost four .six million dollars