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Plagiarism & APA Style
Transcript of Plagiarism & APA Style
by Ashley Ireland Research Papers & Plagiarism Research paper = Synthesis of your ideas & others + your conclusions What Is Plagiarism? Using someone else's words as your own. Not giving proper citations when using someone else's words Using your own work for multiple assignments without the consent from the instructors Unintentional plagiarism is still plagiarism! Goal: To utilize resources effectively within your own work to make your conclusions stronger Using Sources Effectively When you look at sources, there are four appropriate ways to
use information that is not your own, but that supplements your conclusions. #1 - Common Knowledge
Refers to information that is widely known and that could be found in multiple, widely-available, resources.
Definitions, birth dates, death dates, etc. #2 - Summary
Refers to a one or two sentence review of an entire information resource.
Example: In his book Everything is Miscellaneous, David Weinberger (2007) argues that Web 2.0 technologies such as tag clouds will dramatically change the way information is thought of and stored.
Summaries need titles, publication year, and author names for in-text citations. #3 - Paraphrase
Refers to a group of words that represent the original but are altered to support your conclusions.
On paper, it sounds like a terrible idea. Build an encyclopedia by letting anyone create or edit an article, even anonymously. Yet four years after its launch at the beginning of 2001, Wikipedia had more people reading its pages than the New York Times' Web site did.
Even though it has faced tremendous criticism, Wikipedia's concept of allowing anonymous creation or editing of encyclopedia-like articles quickly had more readers than the New York Times Web site (Weinberger, 2007, p. 97). #4 - Direct Quote
Use direct quotes when the original includes very distinctive phrasing that would lose its effect if it were paraphrased.
Example: According to Weinberger (2007), "Wikipedia's hyperlinked web, like the Web itself, does not look like a tree. It is a far, far more complex structure. But it's shape, freed from the two dimensions of paper, better represents the wild diversity of human interests and insight" (p. 100). QUIZ If the Dewey Decimal system feels like a Victorian sitting room with furniture that's too heavy to lift, Amazon's Web pages feel like the midway at a carnival where every inch of ground is given to attracting your attention. Answer:
Direct Quote - because of distinctive phrasing
Quotation marks, and (Weinberger, 2007, p. 57) following quotation marks. In the digital age, computers have become...good at
sorting through gigantic, complex piles of information. Answer:
Mostly common knowledge. No one should refute
that fact, and one could find something similar to that statement in many places.
However, be careful of "gigantic, complex piles of information."
If specific wording is left out, no citation is needed. Wikipedia works as well as it does--the journal Nature's discovery
that science articles in Wikipedia and Britannica are roughly equivalent in their accuracy has been a Rorschach test of the project--because Wikipedia is to a large degree the product of a community, not just of disconnected individuals. Answer: Paraphrase
According to Weinberger (2007), the journal Nature has concluded that articles in Wikipedia are generally equal in correctness and accuracy to those found in Encyclopedia Britannica. Citation Builders of Interest
**These are guides, and not replacements to style manuals** http://www.bibme.org Microsoft Office 2007 Citationmachine.net Other Tips/Tricks Assemble all of your resources, and have a copy of all of
them with you when you type. When you begin typing, do your bibliography/works cited
page FIRST. When in doubt, cite it. Don't look at the original piece when summarizing or paraphrasing the info that you are using. Double-check once you are finished to see if you've unintentionally borrowed words. Anytime you use a digital resource, and utilize either the right-click to copy & paste, or use the CTRL-C & CTRL-V functions, that is in indication that you need quotation marks as well. The new manual for APA is ACTUALLY