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Transcript of Employment Services
the Path To Self-Sufficiency
Hours of Participation
Still to come......
Putting it all together & developing a WTW plan
The In's & Out's of CalWIN
Forms & Policies
Clarification of Core & Non-Core Activities and the 24 mo time clock
Fun, fun, fun!
Identify Possible Barriers
Motivational Interviewing Techniques
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) became law on August 22, 1996 PRWORA:
“Ended welfare as we know it”;
Eliminated the federal entitlement of individuals to the AFDC program;
Established a cash assistance program, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) which limits federal funding to a maximum of 60 months in a lifetime;
(As of July 1, 2011 became 48 months)
Required states to develop and implement programs which would move individuals from dependency to self-sufficiency through employment.
In order to change welfare from a way of life to a temporary program for those in crisis, time limits are imposed to move recipients off aid as quickly as possible and into self-sufficiency.
· The lifetime limit for cash aid applies to all adult CalWORKs recipients.
· The CalWORKs 48-month clock is a cumulative clock that starts in the first month an individual receives cash aid after December 31, 1997 and adds each additional month of aid, stopping and starting where it left off if there is a break in aid.
· Non-Exempt Adults are removed from the Assistance Unit (AU) after they have received aid for 48 cumulative months.
· Children continue to receive cash assistance, if otherwise eligible.
Time Limits for cash Assistance
Assembly Bill (AB) 1542, The Welfare to Work (WTW) Act of 1997, is California’s version of TANF. It established the California Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids (CalWORKs) Program. CalWORKs replaced the AFDC program that entitled recipients to aid with a program that:
Assures that welfare is a temporary support in time of crisis, rather than a way of life;
Encourages and rewards personal responsibility and accountability by recipients;
Promotes a “Work-First” attitude by strict work requirements; and
Gives counties the flexibility they need to meet recipients’ needs.
Mandatory CalWORKs ES participants are required to participate full-time in the ES activities. The Employment Services Counselor shall ensure that mandatory WTW participants meet the required minimum weekly hours of participation effective as of January 1, 2013 as described below:
· Single parent or caretaker relative in the AU with child under the age of six = 20 hours per week
· Single parent or caretaker relative in the AU without child under the age of six = 30 hours per week.
· Two parents in the AU = 35 hours per week.
Note: Two parents or caretaker relatives in the AU may choose to share the 35 hours per week.
Adult recipients in a one-parent AU may not be required to participate more than their 20/30 hours per week averaged monthly. This also applies to an AU where one adult is sanctioned but the other parent is participating.
The adults in a two-parent AU may not be required to participate more than 35 hours per week averaged monthly.
Participants with verified learning disabilities may be assigned to fewer hours of participation, if the conditions are met.
Participants are not required to make up hours of participation that are missed for good cause. Hours missed due to good cause can be claimed as hours attended when recording attendance on the Maintain Participant Activity window, Attendance tab, in CalWIN. The following are examples of good cause:
Illness (self or household member)
Participation in learning disabilities screening and/or evaluation
Work Participation Rate (WPR)
State law requires that each county report ES participation to the California Department of Social Services (CDSS) on a monthly basis to measure the State of California’s Work Participation Rate (WPR) Requirements.
The Work Participation Rate (WPR) is based on a combination of state and federal data to measure the counties’ performance in Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) work activities.
Only for the purpose of calculating the state and counties’ WPR, 50% of All Families (single parent and 2-parent families) are required to participate at least 30 hours per week, of which 20 must be in core activities related to job search, vocational training, work experience, community services, employment, etc.
CalWORks is designed to help needy families achieve self-sufficiency. The Employment Services program emphasizes individual responsibility and participation in “work activities” to receive federal and state aid.
“Work activities” include employment, job search/preparation, community service, education, rehabilitation programs, work experience or other activities that facilitate an individual’s entry into the workforce.
Referral to Employment Services
Participation in ES is either mandatory or voluntary, and CalWORKs Human Services Specialist (CSPS) staff makes that determination. This occurs at the initial intake and every time there is a change in the employability status of an aided parent/caretaker.
Both PCOE and employment staff have important roles in ensuring that ES participants are provided with information that helps them in arranging childcare so that they can be successful in assigned ES activities.
Once clients are referred to the ES Program, whether voluntary or mandated, they are guided through a series of ordered steps. Throughout the process, both CSPS and employment staff work together to assist the participant in achieving success in the program activities assigned to them.
Long Term Disability
Care of ill/incap
Parent/Caretaker of young child
3rd trimester of pregnancy
lack of transportation/remoteness
So many activities......how do we decide?