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Trade Routes on the Indian Ocean

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Trade Route Indian Ocean

on 3 November 2014

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Transcript of Trade Routes on the Indian Ocean

Sea Trade in the Indian Ocean 500 C.E. - 1500 C.E
By: Sean Gibbons, Zoe Chapman-King, Michael Lee, Nikita Welch, Zach Peckham, and Destiny Smith
South East Asia
East Africa
Mediterranean Basin
Merchants from the Roman Empire settled down on Africa's East coast. The merchants seldom traveled long distances across the Indian Ocean, until they discovered the predictable monsoons. The monsoons were heavy winds that traveled Southwest in the winter, and Northeast in the summer. They allowed the merchants to quickly travel from India to East Africa (depending on the time of the year).
When the Chinese government started to revive under the Tang and Song dynasties, maritime trade within the region increased.
The city-state governments of the Swahili civilization competed with each other for trade dominance in the region
Arab Empires greatly increased trade in the region, as Islam supported trade, causing Islam to spread along the trade routes
Role of Government in the Indian Ocean Trade Network
Chinese invented larger ships and the magnetic compass, likewise added momentum of commercial growth.

Larger ships meant more cargo and spices across the ocean and all over the world, and the magnetic compass to know which direction they are going.
New Technologies in the
Indian Ocean Trade Network
Environmental Factors in Indian Ocean Trade Network
Goods Carried Through the Indian Ocean Trade Network
Goods From:
Mediterranean Basin
Ceramics, Wine, Gold, Olive Oil, Glassware
East Africa
Ivory, Gold, Iron Goods, Slaves, Quartz, Tortoiseshells, Leopard Skins
Frankincense, Myrrh, Perfumes
Grain, Ivory, Precious Stones, Cotton Textiles, Spices, Timber, Tortoiseshells
SE Asia
Tin, Sandlewood, Cloves, Nutmeg, Mace
Silks, Porcelain, Tea
Who Transported the Goods and How
Monsoons made trade possible, blowing strong winds eastward in summer, and westward in winter

Other peoples learned how to trade as soon as an understanding of the monsoons was gained, bringing ways to build ships and navigate through the ocean

Environments that were connected by the Indian sea created needs for different goods, making trade between them more essential

Eurasians brought Christianity to Southeast Asia after figuring out how monsoons work

Monsoons dictated how fast people, ideas and goods could travel and where they could travel at the time of year
The Dissemination of new crops, animals, and disease that affected the Indian Ocean Trade Network
The successful dissemination of new crops was not as popular until after 1500 C.E. Although silk did make it's way from China to India.

Animals such as the camel were introduced to North Africa and the Sahara, making trade inland more efficient

The Bubonic Plague was a major bacterial infection spread my fleas.
General Map of the Indian Ocean Trade Network
Role of Cities and Urban Centers in the Indian Ocean trade system (Entrepôts)
Monsoon Map
Much of the commerce in the region was between merchants of different urban centers who had more in common with each other than people from their own homeland
Individual cities, not nations connected the Indian Ocean Trade
The power of City-States in the Swahili civilization was determined by the wealth they earned from trade
Full transcript