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Acapella

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Jordyn Levine

on 5 March 2013

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Transcript of Acapella

A Capella By Jordyn Levine & Tya Maine Definition: without accompaniment History originally intended to differentiate
between Renaissance polyphony
and Baroque concertato style. Religious Traditions Christian began to develop in Europe around the late 15th century
16th century a cappella polyphony continued to influence church composers throughout this period and to the present day
Palestrina becoming a major influence on Bach, most notably in the aforementioned Mass in B Minor Eastern Orthodox Christianity Liturgies and masses composed by famous composers such as Peter Tchaikovsky, Sergei Rachmaninoff, Alexander Arkhangelsky, and Mykola Leontovych Jewish While services in the Temple in Jerusalem included musical instruments, traditional Jewish religious services in the Synagogue, both before and after the destruction of the Temple, did not include musical instruments given the practice of scriptural cantillation. The use of musical instruments is traditionally forbidden on the Sabbath Muslim perform a form of a cappella music called nasheed or Tawasheeh Peter Christian Lutkin dean of the Northwestern University School of Music, helped popularize a cappella music in the United States by founding the Northwestern A Cappella Choir in 1906. The A Cappella Choir was "the first permanent organization of its kind in America." A strong and prominent a cappella tradition was begun in the midwest part of the United States in 1911 by F. Melius Christiansen, a music faculty member at St. Olaf College in Northfield, Minnesota. The success of the ensemble was emulated by other regional conductors, and a rich tradition of a cappella choral music was born in the region at colleges

The choirs typically range from 40 to 80 singers and are recognized for their efforts to perfect blend, intonation, phrasing and pitch in a large choral setting. Barber shop consonant four-part chords for every melody note in a predominantly homophonic texture. Doo Wop vocal-based rhythm and blues/rock n' roll music developed in African American communities in the 1940s, achieving mainstream popularity in the 1950s and early 1960s.

One of the most mainstream, pop-oriented R&B styles of the time. Singer Bill Kenny is often noted as the father of Doo-wop for his introduction of the "top & bottom" format used by most Doo-wop groups. A cappella music attained renewed prominence from the late 1980s onward, spurred by the success of Top 40 recordings by artists such as The Manhattan Transfer, Bobby McFerrin, Huey Lewis and the News, All-4-One, The Nylons, Backstreet Boys and Boyz II 1950s several recording groups, notably The Hi-Los
and the Four Freshmen, introduced complex
jazz harmonies to a cappella performances 1960s The King's Singers are credited with
promoting interest in small-group
a cappella performance 1980s The Flying Pickets had a Christmas 'number one' in the UK with a cover of Yazoo's (known in the US as Yaz) "Only You". Recording Artists Contemporary a cappella includes many vocal groups and bands who add vocal percussion or beatboxing to create a pop/rock sound The House Jacks, Rockapella, Mosaic, and M-pact A cappella can also describe the practice of using just the vocal track(s) from a multitrack, instrumental recording to be remixed or put onto vinyl records for DJs Artists sometimes release the vocal tracks of their popular songs so that fans can remix them. Jay-Z's Black Album, which Danger Mouse mixed with The Beatles' White Album to create The Grey Album As of December 2006, the Recorded A Cappella Review Board (RARB) had reviewed over 660 a cappella albums since 1994, and its popular discussion forum had over 900 users and 19,000 articles. there is a growing trend of people returning to singing due to the influence of TV shows such as Glee Musical Theater The fourth a cappella musical to appear Off-Broadway, In Transit, premiered October 2010 its score features an eclectic mix of musical genres (including jazz, hip hop, Latin, rock, and country). In Transit incorporates vocal beat boxing into its contemporary a cappella arrangements through the use of a subway beat boxer character. 1. A cappella has been used as the sole orchestration for original works of Musical Theater that have had commercial runs Off-Broadway only four times. The first was Avenue X which opened on 28 January 1994 and ran for 77 performances. The musical style of the show's score was primarily Doo-Wop as the plot revolved around Doo-Wop group singers of the 1960s. 2. In 2001, The Kinsey Sicks, produced and starred in the critically acclaimed off-Broadway hit, "DRAGAPELLA! 3. The a cappella musical Perfect Harmony, a comedy about two high school a cappella groups vying to win the National championship, made its Off Broadway debut in October, 2010 No show with a cappella orchestrations has ever run on Broadway. 4. Collegiate The Rensselyrics of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (formerly known as the RPI Glee Club), established in 1873 is perhaps the oldest known collegiate a cappella group. However the longest continuously-singing group is probably The Whiffenpoofs of Yale University,which was formed in 1909 and once included Cole Porter as a member. Collegiate a cappella groups grew throughout the 20th century. A cappella groups exploded in popularity beginning in the 1990s, fueled in part by a change in style. The new style used voices to emulate modern rock instruments, including vocal percussion/"beatboxing" Hymn Singing During the Reinassance and Reformation, Thomas Tallis did complex polyphonic work A Capella developed in places where instruments aren't easy to get Test Questions Gregorian Chant, Barbershop Quartet, and Doo Wop are the three major forms of A Capella Singing During the Renaissance period, Thomas Tall introduced comlex polyphony works Beatboxing is used to create a more modern sound No show with a cappella orchestrations has ever run on Broadway. 1. Firework by Katy Perry - A Capella Cover - Mike Tompkins - Beatbox

2. Old School 2011 International Barbershop Quartet Champions

3. A Capella Doo Wop - Velvet Angels - Fools Rush In

4. Calvin Harris Feel So Close (A Capella)

5. Pentatonix - Let's Get it On

6. Old Time A Capella

7. Acappella - Teaching the Truth in love

8. O Trinity of Blessed Light

9. Pitch Perfect - The Riffoff

10. O Nata Lux - Tallis
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