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Project NgayNume - Lesson 02, May 28, 2010

-- Review of some basic vocabulary words, specifically people and family members. -- Learn a variety of adjectives to describe people and things. -- Learn to use the word "lu" to equate concepts. -- Learn to use the word "ke" to negate attributions.

Alton DeHaan

on 11 June 2010

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Transcript of Project NgayNume - Lesson 02, May 28, 2010

Project NgayNume - Friday, May 28, 2010
What are we trying to accomplish? Aynumeyu: Review some basic vocabulary words, specifically people and family members.
Aynumeyu: Learn a variety of adjectives that can be used to describe various people and things.
Aynumeyu: Learn to use the word "lu" to equate concepts.
Aynumeyu: Learn to use the word "ke" to negate a statement or attribution.
Karyuä Srungsiyu: Make sure that all of the students are following along with you. Remember! You don't have to know what any of this means!

But you SHOULD remember these words from last week's presentation: utral
And it would be prudent to learn/relearn these words for various people as well,
either from other people's fabulous Prezis or from the LearnNa'vi.org website. REVIEW tute/tutan/tute
lu By now, you may have noticed the word printed in size ten million-ish font. If you didn't, that's okay. Skypeople do not see. But that's what I'm here for. To see if your insanity can be cured. Now let's begin! The word is one of the most useful in the entire Na'vi language!
It can be used to:
Link descriptive words to objects and people they modify.
Show possession of an object or characteristic.
Describe the weather or make other general observations.

We're looking at just the first one this week;
I'll cover the other two in a future lesson. lu Did we succeed?
In order to describe people and objects, you'll need to learn a few new words first! We'll start with simple physical characteristics such as size and color, then we'll move on to more abstract ideas. Unlike size and color, which are very easily-observed physical characteristics, there are a number of descriptive words that instead represent feelings or emotions. We'll go over some of the simplest of these now. Neytiri te Tskaha Mo'at'ite sìltsan sevin tstew Dr. Grace Augustine sìltsan kanu Colonel Miles Quaritch kawng txur fkay Parker Selfridge kawng meyp txanew Jake Sully sìltsan nawm snumìna Now that might have been a bit confusing, but we'll try to simplify it now.

Look at the two words and . You may have noticed that every picture was accompanied by one of these two words, but never both. This is no accident...they're opposites! sìltsan kawng See if you can figure out what they mean. REMEMBER: I'm a Na'vi warrior; these descriptions are given from MY point of view. If you need a hint, advance to the next "slide". Hint: Which people tried to destroy my home? What would I think of them? Hint: Which people tried to save my home? What would I think of them? tsawl hì'i ean ayopin layon teyr rim ean That last frame might be a bit different than what you were expecting. In fact, those are the only color words that we know so far, and yes, IS used to represent TWO of what we would consider to be distinct colors. ean Now for some slightly harder stuff! NARI SI! Careful though! The tricky part about words like these is that they are always defined in a relative way. One person might feel completely different about something than another, so it can be hard to nail down a direct translation for these types of words. Each of the pictures in the following views is accompanied by two or three descriptive words. These words are among many that could be used by me,
to describe the person depicted in the picture Think you've gotten it? I mean, the concepts they represent are simple enough that they can be taught to any young child but also complex enough that they have led to thousands of years of philosophical discussion. But...I'm not going to go into that; let's continue with some of the other descriptive words. txur meyp kanu snumìna Remember, it DID take Jake a pretty long time to learn how to say " "...

Also, you should have noticed that these words comprised two more pairs of opposites. It would not make sense, for example, for something to be both and , and likewise with and . kanu snumìna txur meyp nari sevin tstew txanew fkay Alright! Now that you have learned a variety of descriptive words, it's time to put them together into sentences! Don't worry, it's actually far easier than you might think, and it has to do with our ginormous friend here... In order to link people and things to words that modify them, use the word ! Here's an example: lu Neytiri lu sevin. That was probably underwhelming. Sorry. But...it really is that easy!
If you want your mind blown, however, look at this: Neytiri sevin lu.
Sevin Neytiri lu.
Sevin lu Neytiri. ? That, my friends, is one of the hallmarks of the Na'vi language. Each of those four sentences is perfectly valid! Now you try it! Choose, say, a character from your favorite movie about blue aliens, an appropriate descriptive word, and go for it! Lu, lu, skip to my lu... I know, I know...that was a terrible pun. Cry me a river. There's just one thing left to do. Suppose you want to state that an object or person does NOT embody a certain characteristic. Another two-letter word to the rescue! ke It really is that simple! Here's an example: Mo'at ke lu snumìna. Again, because Na'vi word order is so fluid, each of the following is also perfectly valid: Mo'at snumìna ke lu.
Snumìna Mo'at ke lu.
Snumìna ke lu Mo'at. And that's basically it! As before, try this out amongst yourselves so that you can fully understand the concept. To be honest, I don't think you'll have any trouble! I really hope so, though I must admit I had planned to include all of the different uses of the word "lu" in this presentation. Alas, finals week is just around the corner, and I wasn't quite able to squeeze
as much into this presentation as I had hoped.

But who cares about that? What's important is whether or not you are learning! I hope you enjoyed this presentation, and that you return next Friday for another exciting installment! Last week's secret word! Presentation by Kayrìlien Rolyu (Alton DeHaan)
Project NgayNume inspired and coordinated by Tirea Aean (Corey Scheideman)

All images used herein found via Yahoo! Image Search during the week of May 24, 2010.

Everything related to Avatar and the Na'vi Language is property of either 20th Century Fox or James Cameron. Special thanks to Dr. Paul Frommer for actually creating the Na'vi language that we all now have the pleasure of enjoying and learning. 'Ivong Na'vi!
By the way, there's a secret Na'vi "Word of the Week" that is hidden somewhere in this presentation. The secret word is most definitely in a place where it is obviously NOT part of the presentation. Each person to find it and either PM me on the LearnNa'vi.org Forum or on Facebook gets a Karma Cookie! The secret word is "ftxì".
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