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Cold War AP

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by

Saadia Hussain

on 27 April 2017

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Transcript of Cold War AP

START OF THE WAR
Potsdam (1945) - Russia refused to give Eastern European countries democratic elections (satellites - buffer countries around Russia)
Truman Doctrine (1947)
US is the protector of democracy
Containment (foreign policy) - need to keep communism from spreading
Division of Germany (1945) - West (US) & East (Soviet Union)
Marshall Plan (1948)
Provided aid to Western European countries
Stop communism by stabilizing countries
NATO (1949) - US, UK, France & W. European countries (democracies)
Warsaw Pact (1955) - Soviet Union & E. European countries (communism)
Hot War
Korean War (1950-1953)
North Korea invaded South Korea
China
US & United Nations
Armistice - 38th parallel (DMZ)
Cold War (1945-1991)
Vietnam War (1956-1975)
Communist North (Ho Chi Minh) v. US supported South
US never officially declared war - large anti-war movement
Fall of Saigon - US leave Vietnam
Guerrilla Warfare - Vietcong
North unites with South under communism
Afghanistan War (1979-1989)
Conservative Muslim groups v. Communist (Soviet)
US backed Islamic group (Taliban) - supplied weapons
Soviets lost
Armament - ARMS RACE
Cuban Missile Crisis
1. Fidel Castro come into power
2. Hostility from US makes Cuba ally with USSR
3. USSR secretly deploys nuclear weapons to Cuba
4. US blocks Cuban ports
5. USSR backs down
USSR after Stalin
Khrushchev (1953-19764)
de-Stalinization
Military & heavy industry --> Consumer goods & agriculture
Labor camps closed
Berlin Wall (1961) - keep East Berliners from defecting to West
Gorbachev (1985-1991)
Perestroika
economic restructuring
Fair prices
More independence from government
Glasnost (openness) - almost free speech
Democratization
Free elections since 1917
Respect political choices of Eastern Europe
Cold War US
Civil Rights Movement
Space program - moon
Ending the Cold War
Detente - relaxing tensions (1960s & 70s)
Helsinki Accords (1975) - European borders can't be changed with force & guaranteed rights and freedoms
Poland & Lech Walesa - gain freedom (1989)
Reagan (US president) -Berlin Wall falls Nov 1989
Germany unification (1990)
Boris Yeltsin declares Russian independence from Soviet Union (1990)
Dec 15, 1991 - Soviet Union dissolves
Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (1970)
SALT 1 & 11 - agreements to start disarmament (1969 & 1979)
Demilitarization
A struggle between the US and Russia (Soviet Union) for world dominance
International organization created to keep world peace
the build up of weapons
Pope John Paul II becomes leader of Catholic Church (1978) - speaks against communism
Full transcript