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Jamaican Immigration to Canada.
Transcript of Jamaican Immigration to Canada.
increased rapidly in the 1960's In the 1900s, the Jamaicans who migrated to Canada included John Robert Giscome, a gold prospector, James Barnswell a carpenter and Robert Sutherland, who graduated from Queen's University and became the first Black lawyer in Canada. In the early 20th Century, Jamaicans came to Canada to work as domestics, Canadian railway porters and blacksmiths. Due to Canada's restrictive immigration policies, it wasn't until the domestic scheme was implemented in 1955 that there was an increase in Jamaican immigration to Canada. Up until 1965, only about 1,000 Jamaican women had come to Canada under the domestic scheme. Of the total number of Jamaicans living in Quebec, only 20% can speak French and 86% practice Christianity as their religion. One percent of the populations have no schooling, 13% have a primary education, 45% have high school education, 25% have a college education, and only 16 have a university education (Ministere des Affaires Internationales, de L’Immgration et des Communautes Culturelle et la Ville de Montreal, 1995). Most Jamaicans who arrive in Canada settle in the census metropolitan areas of Toronto, Montreal, Ottawa, and Hamilton. The total number of Jamaicans in Canada has increased dramatically since the 1960s, and the reasons for coming are also different. Currently, Jamaicans can be found in every major Canadian city and occupy a multitude of occupations. Blacks were stereotyped as lazy, sexually over active, criminally inclined, and genetically programmed for inferior status. This belief was used to influence immigration policies, which excluded non-whites from entering Canada. In 1908, Robert Borden the leader of the Conservative Party stated. “The Conservative Party stands for a white Canada”. Not to lose face with voters, the Liberal government passed immigration that excluded non-whites, except when they were needed for cheap (slave) labour (James & Walker, 1984).