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Totalitarianism:1984 vs. Animal Farm

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destinee sawyers

on 9 June 2016

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Transcript of Totalitarianism:1984 vs. Animal Farm

Totalitarianism:

1984 vs. Animal Farm

What Are the Main Components
of a Totalitarian Society?
Has a leader/dictator
Continuation...
Has one party
Where does totalitarianism exist today?

What is Totalitarianism?
Definition of totalitarianism?
Dictionary definition:
absolute control by the state or a governing branch of a highly centralized institution
-a form of government in which a
leader/dictator is in complete control
over his/her nation
Destinee Sawyers
-Somebody in charge of their state/nation and has absolute authority or power
-Often uses this authority in a cruel and unfair manner

Has a strict government that has control over the lives of society
-Little to no freedom of opinion, religion,
speech, etc.
-Has control over education, jobs, family life etc.
-Overall, controls almost every aspect of
public and private life

-A party that rules in favor of this Dictator, agreeing with all of their decisions

Often uses:
-Propaganda
-Censorship
-Terror
-Private officers to control people
History of
Totalitarianism
What societies could possibly become totalitarian?
Russia: Joseph Stalin
Germany: Adolf Hitler
Italy: Benito Mussolini
Was the dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) OR the Soviet Union from 1929-1953
Totalitarianism:
Present Day
Islamic State of Iraq and
Syria/ISIS
North Korea
Donald Trump?
Continuation...
Totalitarianism in
Animal Farm (1945)
Animal Farm becomes a totalitarian society
The Government
The pigs
The Leader/Dictator
Napoleon
The Secret Police Force
The nine dogs
The Party
Squealer
-Have absolute control over the decisions of the farm and the other animals
-Utilize their power in an unfair and cruel manner
-Replaced by Napoleon who used his authority in a cruel way that only benefited himself, squealer and the humans
-Secretly raised and trained in isolation
by Napoleon
-Are the pigs bodyguards
-Intimidate and threaten the other animals
to ensure the pigs get what they want
Totalitarianism in
1984 (1949)
The Government, Leader/Dictator
Big Brother
The Secret Police Force
The Thought Police
The Party
Inner Party
-Attack those who oppose
Big Brother
-Leader of Oceania
-Controls every aspect of life
-Overall job is to uncover
and punish "thoughtcrime"
and "thoughtcriminals"
OR
9\\
The government opposes all forms of:
freedom of expression, opinion and religion
organized political oppositions
independent media
free trade unions
civil society organizations
Kim Jong-un

Propaganda/Media:
The press and broadcasters are completely controlled by the government.
The media dedicates a large portion of its resources towards political propaganda and promoting Kim Jong-un.
Censorship:
Radio and TV sets are preset to only receive government frequencies that stream propaganda
Global internet is not accessible to citizens
North Korea has their own internet named "Kwangmyong"
Terror:
Those who oppose the Korean government are arrested and tortured
Are routinely tortured by officials seeking confessions, bribes, and obedience
Examples:
-Sleep deprivation
-Beatings (Iron rods & sticks), kicking, slapping, etc.
-Forcing people to sit or stand for hours

All used totalitarianism as a way to
achieve an obedient nation; a vision they each had for their countries
Became leader/PM of Italy in 1922
After the civil war, he took over Russia & executed anyone that was not in agreement with his goals for the state
Teaching of religion was banned, as Stalin opposed religion
Russia was communist & totalitarian
Leader of National Fascist Party
Overall, he had control over the citizens of Russia
Was the leader of Nazi Germany
from 1934-1945
“The great strength of the totalitarian state is that it forces those who fear it to imitate it.”
Government ran & censored media
All forms of communication were highly censored
(no freedom of speech)
Use of propaganda was highly effective
Used terror:
-punished Jewish people by putting them in concentration camps, torturing and/or killing them
Many did not question Hitler's decisions due
to fear
"All within the state, none outside the state, none against the state.”
Forced his country to follow his beliefs
Led Italy into 3 wars, causing Italians to retaliate back on him and assassinate him
Uses the cult of personality excessively:
-Uses mass media, propaganda to promote a positive image
Once the pigs, the "smartest animals" on the farm, get a taste of power, they use this power to exploit the less intelligent animals
Continuation...
They:

aim to control the religious, social & political life of mankind
use propaganda excessively
are gaining control over cities in Iraq & Syria
gaining control over oil fields
Goal:
To establish a new Islamic caliphate across the Middle East
They use terror to achieve their goals:
-Several bombing/killings in these countries each day
-Use global terror: Paris bombings, Brussels airport attacks
They use terror, mind control & violence
Example:
The Hen Rebellion
-The hens refuse to give up their eggs and Napoleon starves them as a punishment
Animals are forced to do certain things; if they
oppose they are punished
-Rules in favor of Napoleon always
Squealer manipulates the truth about Napoleon through propaganda
Oceania is a totalitarian society
-Orders torture/punishment on those who oppose them


They use terror to scare the citizens
Example:
The "Big Brother is Watching You" poster
Controls:
communication, personal beliefs, and individual loyalty to the government
governs the people of Oceania in order to keep them from rebelling
Uses Newspeak (a modified version of
language):
-enforced upon citizens to limit their expression
Uses telescreens:
-propaganda tool used by Big Brother
-Monitor everyones' actions and speech
-If the animals question Napoleons' actions, Squealer always convinces them that his actions are in their best interest
Big Brother is in complete control
over Oceania
Stalin vs. Napoleon
Napoleons reaction to the hens refusal is similar to Joseph Stalins' in the Great Purge (1936-1938)
Stalin forced people to confess falsely and publicly to crimes that they never committed, often after psychological torment
Estimated kills in the Great Purge were from 500,000 to 2 million deaths
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