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Edgar Allen Poe

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Alyssa G

on 31 January 2013

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Transcript of Edgar Allen Poe

Themes Loss... Darkness "...midnight dreary..." "...it was in the bleak December..." "The Raven" Poetic Tools Repitition There are 17 phrases that are repeated in Poe's poem, "The Raven". "The ebony bird beguiling my sad fancy into smiling..." "...Ghastly grim and ancient Raven wandering from the Nightly shore -- Tell me what thy lordly name is on the Night's Plutonian Shore!" "And [the Raven's] eyes have all the seeming of a demon's that is dreaming...and the lamp light o'er him streaming throws his shadows on the floor..." "For the rare and radient maiden whom the angels call Lenore -- Nameless here forevermore." ~ Speaker is forgetting people; first step to loss of sanity. The Raven in Poe's poem represents the speakers sanity, and the constant repetition of "Nevermore" reiterates loss of his sanity. "And my soul from out that shadow that lies floating on the floor Shall be lifted -- Nevermore!" "Tell this soul with sorrow laden if...it shall clasp a sainted maiden whom the angels name Lenore. . .Quoth the Raven, 'Nevermore.'" ~ Speaker has lost his love, and shall never see her again, even after death. Rhyme Scheme Poe uses the rhyme scheme ABCBBB Symbolism Lenore represents Poe's dead wife, as well as lost memory. The Raven represents the speakers mind and soul, which becomes lost. Night's Plutonian Shore represents a few things. The night symbolizes darkness and evil. Plutonian refers to the Greek god of the underworld/death, Pluto. Shore helps the reader to imagine the night as a vast ocean that is deep, dark, and mysterious. Atmosphere In "The Raven", Poe creates a very dark atmosphere or tone. He does this by using repetition of ominous terms, and dark symbolism. The Speaker The speaker in this poem is extremely paranoid. He is constantly being upset by tapping at his door and window and finding nothing. He also tries to explain away what is happening in the poem through natural occurrences. Eventually, he is driven insane by the raven. It haunts him throughout the poem, repeating the word 'Nevermore' to every question the speaker asks. About Poe Interesting Facts Poe's mother, adoptive mother, and wife all died of tuberculosis. It is believed that much of his work is influenced by his wife's struggle with tuberculosis, hence the common themes of loss and death. "The Raven" was published in 1845 and was the most famous of his writings during his life. Critics are unsure of how Poe actually died. Poe's main influences on literature are the pioneering of detective/mysteries and science fiction, as well as an introduction to the psychological thriller. Edgar Allan Poe was born in Boston in 1809 to two actors. His mother died when he was a toddler, and he abandoned his family at a young age. Poe then was taken in by John and Francis Allan in Richmond, Virginia, who paid for his education. Mrs. Allan died in 1829. He went to college at the University of Virginia in 1826, but took to gambling after Mr. Allan refused to pay for his schooling. In 1836, Poe married his cousin, Virginia Clemm, who was 13 at the time. She died of tuberculosis in 1847, causing Poe to become depressed. Poe's Writing Style Poe's writing style is considered Gothic and Dark Romantic. "The Raven" falls under these categories. These types of stories are meant to be romantic thrillers while entertaining the reader with mysteries, villainy, and elements of the supernatural. Elements of Gothic writing include: mystery and suspense, ancient prophecies connected to people or places, signs and foreshadowing, supernatural events, and gloom and horror.
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