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Leti Pérez

on 3 June 2013

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BODY LANGUAGE How we position our bodies
Our closeness to the person we are talking to
Our facial expressions
Our eyes, how they move and focus
How we touch ourselves and others
How our bodies connect with non-bodily things (pens, cigarettes, clothes...)
Our breathing, heartbeat, etc. How can we interpret body language? YES NO Our pitch
Our entonation
Our volume We undestand more about people's feelings, and even our feelings
We can improve the way we feel,what our body says about us, and what we archieve What is the importace of body language? insecure secure The first known experts to consider aspects of body language were probably the ancient Greeks (Hippocrates and Aristotle), through their interest in human personality and behaviour.
The Romans (Cicero), relating gestures to feelings and communications.
Charles Darwin in the late 1800s was the earliest expert to have made serious scientific observation about body language, but there was little substantial development of ideas for at least the next 150 years.
Julius Fast was an American writer of fiction and non-fiction works about human physiology and behaviour. His book Body Language was the first to bring the subject. Background and history Body language and evolution our cavemen ancestors certainly needed to read body language, if only because no other language existed
Shepherds, horse-riders and animal trainers have good capabilities in reading animal body language.
Women tend to have better perception and interpretation of body language than men. This may be a feature of evolutionary survival, since females needed good body language skills to reduce their physical vulnerability. Six universal facial expressions Hapiness
Anger Charles Darwin was first to make these claims in his book The Expressions of the Emotions in Man and Animals, published in 1872.
In 1960 a Californian expert in facial expressions, Paul Ekman, published studies with people of various cultures to explore the validity of Darwin's theory - that certain facial expressions and man's ability to recognize them are inborn and universal among people.
Ekman's work notably included isolated tribes-people who could not have been influenced by Western media and images, and essentially proved that Darwin was right. Context
Gender Analysis Our eyes are a very significant aspect of the non-verbal signals we send to others.
To a lesser or greater extent we all 'read' people's eyes without knowing how or why, and this ability seems to be inborn.
We know if we have eye contact with someone at 30 or 40 metres away or more sometimes
Incredibly also, we can see whether another person's eyes are focused on us or not.
We probably cannot describe these and many other eye signals, but we recognise them when we see them and we know what they mean. Eyes looking right
looking left
looking right and up
looking right sideways
looking left and up
widening eyes
direct eye contact (when speaking) The mouth is associated many body language signals, which is not surprising given its functions - speech, but also those connected with infant feeding.
The mouth can be touched and is a tremendously flexible and expressive part of the body too, performing a central role in facial expressions. Mouth pasted smile
tight-lipped smile
twisted smile
bottom lip jutting out
forced laughter
chewing gum
nail biting
hand clamped over mouth fast head nodding
slow head nodding
head held up
head held high
head tilted downward Head Arms crossed arms
arms held behind body with hands clasped
holding papers across chest (mainly male)
holding a drink in front of body with both hands palm(s) up or open
palm(s) up, fingers pointing up
palm(s) down
thumb(s) up
thumbs down
touching nose, while speaking
removing spectacles
hands in pockets
hand(s) on hip(s) Hands Legs and feet uncrossed legs, sitting - general
leg direction, sitting - general
crossed legs, sitting - general
legs crossed, standing
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