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Transcript of Mind Palace
Mind Palace Entry
In his video, "James Paul Gee Learning with Videogames," Gee explains that students can learn better from the interactive experience video games provide than they would from the classroom experience of sitting in a classroom and staring at a board. Gee talks about his first experience playing a video game, when he tried to read the manual before playing and couldn't understand the language of the game. Gee explains that the only way he could come to understand the games manual (and the game itself) was to actually play and have the context from the images, sounds, and gameplay experience to qualify the rulebook. This is important because we'll learn better from failure that allows for repeated attempts (because it mirrors real life learning experiences) as opposed to failure that is permanent, like failing a class or a major project.
What Writing Is by Stephen King
In Stephen King's, "What Writing Is," King talks about telepathy and how people wonder if it's a real thing or not. King talks about where he is and what is on his mind as he writes the first draft. He goes into vivid detail about a "place" in his mind that he goes to. He talks about how audio books are his "escape hatch" and that you never know when you're gonna need one. King talks about telepathy again and tries to connect with the reader. King goes into detail about a table covered with a red cloth and describes what is on it and what colors are present. King says we all see the same thing, though there will be variations. King says that by just describing things in detail, that we are using telepathy because we're all seeing the same thing. It's a "meeting of the minds." King believes that writing has the biggest effect on telepathy because in writing you can go into vivid detail about the person or object and instead of just reading about it, you can actually see and create the image in your mind. King will King is saying all of this because he believes that writing shouldn't be easy and that we should take it seriously. King says "come to it any way but lightly."
"Shitty First Drafts", by Lamott
In Lamott's article "Shitty First Drafts",
he starts off by talking about how every writer starts off with a shitty first draft. Most people think that good writers just start off confident and write something amazing, but that's not the case. Lamott says that most writers don't really know what they are doing until they've actually done it. Lamott says that the only way he can get anything written is for him to write really shitty drafts. The first draft is the draft that no one is going to see so you can let all your thoughts out. The second draft is the one where you fix it up. The third one is draft where you check everything to make sure it's 100% perfect. Lamott talks about the times when he used to write food reviews for a magazine. It took him two days to write them. He said right before he would start to write, he would start to panic. Instead of getting all frustrated he would get up and do a few things to get his mind off of it and then later on he would go back and continue. Lamott used to take the voices in his head and quiet them. A hypnotist told him to put them in a jar and turn the volume all the way down. Lamott thinks that in order to accomplish really good writing, you're going to have to start off with a shitty draft and work your way up to something better. Nothing comes easy.
All authors and/or writers have to start somewhere. King and Lamott's passages both have something in common. They both talk about how writing doesn't come easily and naturally. They both talk about writing first drafts and how difficult it can be. Lamott writes really bad first drafts that no one can see so that he can get all his ideas down. King would write things down and then leave it for a few days and come back to it with a fresh new start.
What is "Academic" Writing?
Navigating Genres by Kerry Dirk
In Dirks', "Navigating Genres", she talks about what a genre is and how they are used. She says that her purpose is to "expand our definition of genre" and that it would help us think about applying a genre to our writing experiences. She talks about what she does before she goes into writing an essay. She asks herself questions. Dirk also put in a scenario and asks us to determine which ransom letter would fit the genre more. Dirk brings in personal experiences which helps students understand more clearly. Dirk writes this to help students understand to not write in just one type of genre. Dirk wants you to expand.
In Irvins "What is Academic Writing?",
Irvin talks about college writing and how to do it. He goes into the myths and misconceptions of writing in detail. Irvin then talks about the academic writing situation and how the biggest problem is developing the "writer's sense." Irvin goes on to talk about how most of the papers in college are going to be literacy tasks (the ability to do more than just write sentences).Irvin ends the text by talking about the format of the academic essay and the textural features that should be included within the essay. This is important because every college student who isn't very good at writing and who could be somewhat new at it can now know the myths and secrets about success and what you can do to help your "academic" writing.
Argument as conversation
An argument can be used to help move an essay or a discussion along. Greene tells about identifying the issue and identifying the situation. Greene talks about how to frame a good question, and that comes from identifying the issue and situation. Questions are a useful tool because it can help someone realize what they are interested in. Greene goes into detail about framing.
Framing helps writing create structure.
Greene gives examples of excerpts and talks about the type of framing in each one. Greene concludes this passage by talking about the two types of research (collecting information or the discovery of information).
Dirk, Irvin, and Greene all talk about expanding the readers kind of writing. They all want you to try to form different habits of writing. They all have different styles and techniques that they use to help them. This brings us back to Gee and his video of learning through video games. Gee couldn't understand the manual by reading it, but when he played the game he understood completely. Dirk, Irvin, and Greene all have different ways of understanding text. Dirk has her struggles with navigating genre so she would go and read different essays and hope to find one with a similar example that would help her. Irvin talks about how college writing is like playing a completely new game with new rules.
Just like Gee, I learn better by doing something rather than just reading out of a manual. I'm Tessa and in 6th grade I became interested in cooking. I had to take a home economics class and we always had to cook and I started to love it. One day I came home and decided to bake sugar cookies. I started and I was reading out of my grandma's cookbook and every time I would make them I would make them to big, so when I would cook them they would stick together and create a huge cookie. This would happen every time I made them. Instead of reading out of the cookbook, I decided to get on youtube and watch videos of people making sugar cookies to see how much dough they put on the tray. It made things much easier because I could visually see the person making them and I could see how much dough they were using rather than reading and estimating the amount.
I was about 14 years old, it was my freshman year of high school and I was just given my first writing assignment. We had one week to do it. I'm not a good writer at all and I tend to get frustrated very easily. While trying to write my paper, I got frustrated and decided to write all my thoughts down (just like a shitty first draft) and then come back to it a few days later (just like King). My understanding of writing is just like King and Lamotts'. They both have different ways of starting out their writing and putting ideas together.
Understanding Rhetoric by Losh, Alexander, Cannon, & Cannon
Summary- setting up contexts and providing background information
Paraphrase- giving a sense of the authors argument"
Quotation- drawing attention to something particularly evocative or insightful in the authors own words"
What Is Rhetoric?
Covino, William, and David Jolliffe. "What Is Rhetoric?"
Rhetoric: Concepts, Definitions, Boundaries.
Ed. William Covino and David Jolliffe. Boston: Allyn & Bacon, 1996. 3-26. Print.
, "Understand Rhetoric," Losh and Alexander talk about what new college writers need to know and the basic concepts of writing such as paraphrasing, quoting, and summarizing. They use characters in the comic as examples of what you should/shouldn't be doing as a new college writer. Losh and Alexander talk about how research is like detective work.
In the second comic
they incorporate history within the text by bringing in Aristotle when they are talking and ethos, pathos, logos and kairos. They talk about what kind of questions to answer when writing as rhetorical analysis. Losh and Alexander make it easier to understand by usual visual concepts instead of just words on a page.
Ethos- the credibility that a speaker or writer brings to the subject that he/she is communicating about
Pathos-the use of emotion in debate/argument
Logos- the appeal to reason, to the forcefulness of a well thought out and well structured position
Kairos- a propitious moment for decision or action.
"Rhetoric is not a content area that contains a definite body of knowledge."
"Rhetoric is a primarily verbal, situationally contingent, epistemic art that is both philosophical and practical and gives rise to potentially active texts."
Kairos is an unachievable ideal.
Not logic, but related fields of inquiry.
In their article, "What Is Rhetoric?", Covino and Jolliffe talk about the major concepts of rhetoric theories. Covino shows a big interest in literacy while Jolliffe focuses mainly on the history and the teaching of rhetoric. They both talk about the greek and roman principles of rhetoric. They believe that this is important because it can be a reference to students. It explains most key concepts that will be useful when doing other readings and or writing about other things.
Rhetoric is an art of persuasion and/or the way we speak and write. Both Covino and Jolliffe and Alexander and Losh talk about the use of ethos, pathos, and logos. In an Old Spice commercial, types of rhetoric are used, such a ethos and pathos. Ethos is used when the man persuades the audience by attraction of looks. He stands tall and attractive with a
serious look on his face
. He establishes himself as being the "perfect man." Pathos is used to show his insecurities and what a real man should look like.
He is trying to make men feel somewhat bad about themselves because they don't use Old Spice. He wants men to think that if they use old spice they'll be manlier and get girls easier.
He is trying to get guys to think "man I really should get this so I can attract more girls."
The guy in the video saying that if men don't use Old Spice body wash, that they will smell like a lady; and no man wants to smell like a lady.
Rename this Prezi so it isn't "Untitled Prezi"
Watch out for the "Devil in the details" trap
that summaries often create. I don't need to know the specific minutiae and examples King used (the bunny, for example) in this example to understand what his key arguments are.
Think about the Alexander and Losh piece--what is a good summary according to that argument?
Use the summary template I provided in the google drive as a basis for your summaries.
Good information--just reign in the details!
Review the summary template I provided.
See King notes on "Devil in the Details" trap.
10XP. Make revisions for more XP!
Much Closer to what I'm looking for, but you don't introduce the summary the way I'm looking for! Again, look at the template!
Define frames in your own words for a summary--quotes belong in key concepts/synthesis!
My kind of writing? Or their readers' kind(s) of writing?
How do frames and Genres interact? Are frames genres, or genres frames?
What about academic writing? is it a genre with a particular frame, or a frame to approach a particular genre?
Or are genres and frames the same thing (and how do you figure it that way?
10XP. Make corrections for more XP!
itheir book? Or their comic?
Also, this isn't describing the
rhetoric comic, just the 1st comic--you need to summarize them both!
This is a great example of a summary. It's short, concise, and discusses both the rhetorical intent of the authors and the content of their argument.
<--I totally disagree with Cavino and Jolliffe on this point.
What *is* his ethos in the video? Is he serious? Angry? Sad?--try to define what the character's ethos is more specifically.
Also, what kind of pathos-driven argument is this? Is it trying to make you feel sad? Mad? Glad? What kind of emotional response is being mustered, and how is that effective for selling old spice?
Break it down a bit more.
15 XP. Make corrections for more XP!
In his article, "Rhetorical Situations and Their Constituents," Keith Grant-Davie talks about what a rhetorical situation is. He brings up how Covino and Jolliffe also brought up what a rhetorical situation was. His purpose of this article is to help readers and writers understand what makes up a rhetorical situation and to help them understand how to respond to rhetoric.
"Rhetorical Situations and Their Constituents"
Grant-Davie, Keither. "Rhetorical Situations and Their Constituents,"
15.2 (1997): 264-79, Print.
Rhetorical Situation- "the context in which speakers or writers create rhetorical discourse."
Discourse- an activity, an event, or a situation rhetorical when it's shaped by language or communication.
Audience- potential customers
Stases- a pattern or set of questions that helps explain what's at issue in a given rhetorical situation.
ACK? Where is it?
10 XP. Need that synthesis!
In Sommer's article, "Revision Strategies of Student Writers and Experienced Adult Writers" she
talks about how to find a voice and how you find it during your own writing and playing around and practicing new things. The qualities of inexperienced writers are that they don't know what the other writer would like to hear. When they revise, they write whatever comes to their mind. Experienced writers know what they should put down when revising. They have had work looked over before and know that if they give a bad comment, the writer won't want to continue, they'll want to giveup; whereas if they leave a good comment, they'll think better things and believe in themselves.
When someone revises my work, I hate seeing comments that say negative things. In the video,
about the teachers comments, when I see a negative comment it makes me want to stop writing and give up on it. When someone revises my work, it helps me a lot because it makes me realize that I can do a lot better then I originally had.
In my opinion, a negative comment from a teacher is usually when they say "not good" or "this is bad, rewrite." I don't want a comment saying that because it makes me want to give up.
If a professor or teacher were to write "its good but it needs more thought" or something along those lines, I would be much more inclined to redo it.
Sponsors of Literacy
Brandt, Deborah. "Sponsors of Literacy." College Composition and Communication 49.2 (1998): 165-85. Print.
In her article, "Sponsors of Literacy," Deborah Brandt talks about the history of literacy and how we are influenced by the way we read and write. Brandt keeps four things in mind; discourses, sponsors, literacy, and appropriation. Brandt believes literacy is sponsored by people. Sponsor's, to Brandt, are used to explaining things about literacy and also used for tracing material. Brandt talks about appropriation and how it sponsors agents.
Reading and writing when I was younger was a big thing to me. I used to keep a diary and I also used to read books everyday. As I grew up, I didn't do either of those as much. I used to write poems. I was very into reading books with the romantic genre.
I don't believe Facebook is a form of reading and writing because you're not actually writing anything besides comments on people's pictures. You're typing not writing. When you update a facebook status, it's just one tiny thought. You're not putting complete details into it. When you're writing in a diary, you're putting thought and feelings into it rather than a Facebook status you're writing a couple words. Writing is putting thought and ideas into it. In a Facebook status update, it's more of just a sentence and no emotion put into it.
"Sponsors seemed a fitting term for the figures who turned up most typically in people memories of literacy learning."
"Appropriation: "They are also meant to suggest that diversionary tactics in literacy learning may be invited now by the sheer proliferation of literacy activity in contemporary life."
Literacy: Knowledge, skills, techniques.
"Literacy, Discourses, and Linguistics" by James Paul Gee.
Gee, James P. "Literacy, Discourses, and Linguistics: Introduction." J
ournal of education
171.7 (1989): 5-17. Print.
In his article, "Literacy, Discourses, and Linguistics," James Paul Gee talks about literacy studies. He talks about the types of discourses and how there is a difference between Discourse and discourse. He brings up apprenticeship and how it relates to Discourse. He goes into depth about Discourse and the types there are, such as secondary, primary, dominant, and non-dominant. Discourse, to Gee, is something that can be used to identify oneself within a community.
"The focus of literacy studies or applied linguistics should not be language, or literacy, but social practices.”
"the master of or fluent control over a secondary Discourse.”
partial acquisition coupled with meta-knowledge and strategies to ‘make do'
saying (writing)-doing-being-valuing-believing combinations
"the Discourse we first use to make sense of the world and interact with others”
those Discourses we acquire in various “non-home-based social institutions…in the public sphere.
knowledge about knowledge
applying certain skills from secondary and applying it to primary discourse.
What constitutes a negative comment in your opinion?
Is it just people that act as sponsors
So what counts as writing? Why can't the things we comment count as an act of writing? Why is a diary entry writing but a facebook status update not writing?
synthesizes with something from module 1 as well
15 XP. Answer my questions to your synthesis for more xp!
5 XP Introduce video (proper summary), key concepts and MLA!
Intertextuality and the Discourse Community
Rhetoric Review, Vol. 5, No. 1. (Autumn, 1986), pp. 34-47
article, "Intertextuality and The Discourse Community," Porter talks about plagiarism and how challenging it can be. He claims that it is not wrong, yet it is unavoidable. Porter also talks about the types of intertextuality; iterability ad presupposition. He tells an example with Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson took many ideas/concepts from various people and made them all one idea. Porter believes that students should be taught to write how they want; that they should take ideas from a community of people and make it into their own.
Porters idea of taking others ideas and putting them into your own happens a lot these days. In a Saturday Night Live skit, they use the "Magic carpet ride" scene to laugh at Jasmine and Aladdin's love, which is shown as a very unhappy relationship. They didn't come up with the Magic Carpet Ride scene on their own. This also synthesizes with Gee's concept of mushfaking. Mushfake means to "make do" with what you already have. SNL used an old Aladdin scene to help them come up with a new skit.
"Negotiating the Serious Import of Humor" by Joan. P. Emerson
Sociometry, Vol. 32, No. 2 (Jun., 1969), pp. 169-181
In the article, "Negotiating the Serious Import of Humor," Joan P. Emerson talks about humor and negotiating. Emerson talks about taboo and negotiations. Emerson says that when a joke is made and someone responds seriously to the joke, a taboo is made. In order to understand the joke, negotiations may be opened so that people can now look at the joke as something funny rather than serious.
"Humor, Unlaughter, and Boundary Maintenance"
Smith, Moira. “Humor, Unlaughter, and Boundary Maintenance.” Journal of American Folklore 122.484 (2009): 148-171. Web. 9 Oct 2010.
In the article, "Humor, Unlaughter, and Boundary Maintenance," Smith talks about how audiences respond to humor and humorous performances. She talks about how when the audience accepts the laugh, it's just humor but when the reject it and are not okay with it, its called unlaughter. Smith used examples, such as a cartoon about Mohammad, and talked about what happens when humor goes wrong.
Sommers, Nancy. “Revision Strategies of Student Writers and Experienced Adult Writers.” College Composition and Communication 31.4(Dec 1980): 378-88.
Taboo is a topic that is sensitive to talk and joke about to others. A perfect example of taboo would be when Daniel Tosh talks about rape. Rape is not funny whatsoever but we laugh because it makes us feel uncomfortable.
We feel uncomfortable because rape is not something to joke about, it's not a funny subject.
He also makes jokes about dating "clown women" to Vin Diesel movies. This makes people feel uncomfortable.
This relates back to Emerson because he said that when someone responds seriously to a joke, it is taboo. If someone got raped and heard a joke about rape, they would be upset and respond very negatively and seriously.
Experience at LGBT Center
In the LGBT center, we talked about many things. We talked about the Boondocks episode with the gay rapper and everyone asked many questions. We learned a lot about different types of genders and sexuality and how it comes into play with our readings.
Experience at Multicultural Center
At the Multicultural Center we talked a lot about racism and how many people are offeded by it. We talked about how men view black women and how there are many different steroeptypes to black women and white women.
At the Women's Center we talked a lot about feminism. We talked about how the girl that the grandfather dates in the boondocks portrays feminism.
Activity Theory: An Introduction for the Writing Classroom by Elizabeth Wardle
In Elizabeth Wardles, "Activity Theory", she talks about what an activity theory is. She talks about the types of activity systems and what their purposes are.
Activity Systems: groups of people with shared goals who work together to "meet social needs."
Affinity Spaces by Gee
Play as Self-Realization by Thomas S. Henricks
In Henricks article called, "Play as Self-Realization", Henricks talks about the theories of play and how they relate to self. Henricks talks about understanding self and what self realization is. He talks about play and self realization as they come together.
Henrick's question is why do we play. His goal is to argure how play is driven by self understanding.
Play: "a biologically driven project of self-understanding and self-realization, one that humans—although they also share the experience with other creatures—have developed most fully as a part of their psychological and social life."
private agreement, finally agreeing and understanding it. Frustrated with rules. Goes back to emerson
Affinity Space: A place where people come together because of a certain interest.
In Gee's article, "Affinity Spaces," he talks about what an affinity space is.
An affinity space is a place where learning takes place. According to Gee, affinity spaces are places where people come together with a common interest. Gee thinks that it can create a sense of community and belongingness.
He goes into detail about how it is the way people interact rather than everyone coming together in a community. He brings in the video game called "The Age Of Mythology" as an example as a point in where a space is formed.
Affinity Spaces are a place where people are drawn too because of a common interest. An example of this would be a fan fiction website. People come together to read other people's fan fiction, but they also comment their opinions about their readings. Another example of this could be Reddit. Reddit is a website where people come together to write or read about certain topics that people have in common.
Unlaughter is when audience rejects unlaughter. An example of this would be in the Key and Peele episode called "Insult Comic." The comedian makes jokes about a man with a burned face, but no one laughs. The comedian was expecting laughter but he got unlaughter.
In Emersons, "Negotiating the Serious Import of Humor" she talks about a private agreement. This has to do with play.
15 XP (the lateness)
Why is plagiarism
included in a talk
what's his purpose?
introduce him with his full name first, then his last name only.
why does it makes us uncomfortable
And how does that
relate back to Emerson?
how does the stuff we're talking about in the texts relate specifically? Anyone can say it relates--show me how.
how does this relate back to the texts?
how does this relate back to the texts?
5xp--ya didn't exactly what I said not to! You can't just write a "we came, we saw, we conquered" post--explain how the ideas play into this!
...I don't believe you believe that I'd accept this as a satisfactory summary. So what haaaaappened?
What is an affinity space though, and why is it important to Gee? What does he think an Affinity space can do for us?
he has a list of eleven traits--none of those are important?
Why is it important? What is his goal for going over how play has evolved over time?
incomplete! Gotta give me more.
Homo Ludens: A Study Of The Play Element in Culture.
In Johan Huizinga’s "Homo Ludens: A Study of the Play Element in Culture", he talks about play and how it can be seen throughout different civilizations. He talks about how in play there is something at play. To many people, play is different and has different meaning. Johan Huizinga describes play as a fun, carefree activity. It has it's own sets of rules.
Greene, Stuart. "Argument as Conversation: The Role of Inquiry in Writing a Researched Argument."
The Subject Is Research.
Ed. Wendy Bishop and Pavel Zemliansky. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 2001. 145-64. Print.
Framing is "a metaphor for describing the lens, or perspective, from which writers present their arguments"
Irvin, Lenne. "What Is Academic Writing?"
Huizinga, J. (1949). Homo Ludens: A Study of the Play-Element in Culture. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Johan Huizinga's study of play can relate to another scholar named Roger Caillois. Huizinga and Roger Caillois both talked about how gaming and play and how it helps define culture. Both of them talk about how play is "not serious" and how it is a "free activity."
Henricks, Thomas S.
Play as Self Realization.
Losh and Alexander.
Bedford/St. Martin's. 2013. Print
A rhetorical situation is when one can use rhetoric. The movie "Are We There Yet?" is a perfct example of a rhetorical situation. In the movie, the kids are sitting in the back seat continually asking "are we there yet?" when he knows that they are not at the destination yet.