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Art History Project

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by

Jennifer Shin

on 28 January 2013

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Transcript of Art History Project

What are Haniwa? Haniwa Haniwa were created in the 3rd - 6th century AD in Japan during the era known as the Kofun Period. They were terracotta clay figures that stood just above 3 feet tall, and are thought to have been used as funerary and ritual artworks. Haniwa were first created in the Kingdom of Kibi and Izumo Province, but more advanced and elaborate Haniwa were later found in the Kinai region, as well. Haniwa were first created in human form, but were later made in many different animal forms, primarily that of the horse. Haniwa are useful today as they give insight into how the people in this culture would have dressed during this time period. Contextual Analysis The primary religion during the Kofun period was Shintoism. Unlike most religions, Shintoism does not put much importance on the after life. This may explain why the Haniwa were so basic in form and design, as opposed to the burial markers of such civilizations as the Egyptians. However, both spirits and rituals, on the other hand, were highly stressed in the Shinto religion. It is believed that the souls of the deceased resided in the Haniwa after they had passed on to the next life. This explains why the figurines were equipped with heavy armor and weapons (to drive away evil spirits). Formal Analysis Haniwa are very basic in form. The very first Haniwa ever created were basically just cylinders with very primitive facial features. As time passed, the basic outline of the Haniwa remained, but there were also a few advances made. First and foremost, the Haniwa were now equipped with armor and weapons to protect the soul. This reflects how protecting the souls of the after life became even more important as time passed. These advances could also reflect how the civilization now had the tools and technology necessary to create more detailed Haniwa. Haniwa Haniwa. 5th century AD. Tokyo National Museum, Japan Early example of Haniwa Dancing Haniwa. 4th century AD. Tokyo National Museum, Japan. Warrior Haniwa. 6th century AD. British Museum. Animal Haniwa Haniwa. 6th century AD. Tokyo National Museum, Japan. Comparison of Egyptian Funerary Mask and Japanese Funerary Haniwa Tut Funerary Mask. Egyptian New Kingdom. 1336 BCE. Haniwa. 5th century AD. British Museum.
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