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TESOL Principle #3: "Language Learning is Cultural Learning."
Transcript of TESOL Principle #3: "Language Learning is Cultural Learning."
2. What does the research say?
3. What's interesting about it?
4. Why is it important?
5. References What this presentation entails
(in regards to TESOL Principle #3) There's a strong relationship between language and culture. What does it mean? 1. Language is "one of the dominant threads in all cultures" (Hall, 1981, p. 36). What does the research say? Cultural differences in interpretation and meaning What's interesting about it? Language Learner why is it important? references Ellen Kelly
University of Richmond
Summer 2013 "Language Learning is Cultural Learning" Language affects culture Culture affects language 2. Culture impacts language... Amin (2011) argues:
"Culture affects the meanings of words and concepts in language (Franklin, et al., 2008; Perlovsky, 2009)...[and] the attitudes towards and learning of a language" (p. 44). meanings attitudes culture your own culture the target culture It is "the primary means by which a culture transmits its values, beliefs, concepts, customs and social norms and habits" (Yin, 2009, p. 75). "Language is much more than learning new vocabulary and grammar. It includes cultural competence: knowing what to say and how, when, where, and why to say it...
Knowing a little of the foreign language may only allow you to make a 'fluent fool' of yourself." (Hofstede, 2002, p. 18). Language Teacher Language Learner Language Teacher Society (in General) Society (as a whole) "if a foreign language learner is to communicate with an individual from another cultural background, he will need to not only understand the cultural influence at work in the behavior of the foreigner, but also to recognize the profound influence the patterns of his own culture exert over his thought, activities, and forms of linguistic expressions" (Yin, 2009, p. 75). "Cultural awareness and tolerance... enables students to express their cultural opinions" (Deneme, 2011, p. 152). "Language curriculum should be organized 'around the notion of cultural literacy' so that students can learn structures with the aim of placing them in the cultural context"(Deneme, 2011, p. 153). "Language can't exist without culture" (Shuying, 2011, p. 190) To engage in communication and cooperation tolerantly, the learner "needs to figure out the contrasts between different cultures" (Deneme, 2011, p. 153). "The teaching of culture can raise awareness, appreciation and acceptance of other cultures" (Deneme, 2011, p. 152). "Culture has an important place in children's cognitive and social development" (Deneme, 2011, p. 153). "Students' knowledge of their native culture has a positive effect on their learning" (Deneme, 2011, p. 153). Better communication Less cultural clashes and misunderstandings Understanding Appreciation Tolerance Yin, Y. (2009). On the cultures in foreign language teaching and learning. Canadian Social Science, 5(2), 74-78. Amin, M. (2011). Impact of the target culture on foreign language learning: A case study. Cross-Cultural Communication, 7(1), 43-52. Shuying, A. (2011). Sino-English culture difference and teaching in foreign language education. Asian Social Science, 7(7), 190-193. Deneme, S., Ada, S., & Uzun, K. (2011). Teaching a foreign language and foreign culture to young learners. International Journal of Business, Humanities & Technology, 1(1), 152-164. Hofstede, G.(2002). Exploring culture: Exercises, Stories and Synthetic Cultures. Boston, MA: Intercultural Press. Gestures Verbal language Nonverbal language "You're fat" Avoiding eye contact In Chinese culture, it's a compliment to say somebody is getting fat... (Yin, 2009) English speaking Caucasian or diver: "Ok","good", or "Spot on" French: "Zero" or "Worthless" Japanese: "Money" Northern GreeK: "It refers to male and female’s genitalia, or is a signal that a man is homosexual" NOTE: Other regions where this sign can be sexually insulting are parts of Central and Mediterranean Europe, Germany, Turkey, Malta, Sardinia, Tunisia, Greece, Russia, Middle-East, Paraguay, Brazil) Retrieved from http://ingenira.hubpages.com/hub/How-to-Read-Others-Thoughts-by-Their-Gestures 2000 years ago, ancient Greek vases counted it as a sexual insult and it still means the same today... In Korean culture, avoiding eye contact is a sign of respect.