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Transcript of Alpacas
2 where do Alpacas come from ?
5 how do you shear an Alpaca ?
1 how do you process Alpaca fiber ?
4 how do Alpacas establish poo piles ?
6 how does Alpaca fiber compare to sheep wool ?
Where do Alpacas come from?
Alpacas come from Peru,Chili and Bolivia.
how do you process Alpaca fiber ?
what are the needs of Alpacas ?
Alpacas need to be put in a paddock with grass. They need access to water.They need room in there paddock so they can explore and have fun.make sure that you have a fence so they do not run away.
Picker - The fleece is fed through a picker which opens the staples, allowing for the fleece to be
washed more thoroughly. Used mainly for suri.
Washer & Drying
- up to 6kgs of fleece can be washed at a time or 3 different fleeces.
Conditioning - oils are sprayed onto the clean dried fleece to eliminate static build up.
Dehairer - the coarse & medulated fibres are separated from the quality fibres.
Carder - the fibres are carded into rovings. For hand spinners, the rovings are placed in bags or wound into bumps.
Batts are produced for felting.
Drawframe - the rovings are combined and fed through the draw frame which stretches and aligns the fibres ready for the spinning frame.
Spinner - the rovings are then passed through the spinner which turns them into Singles.
2 or 3 singles are then plied into the finished yarn
Steamer - the plied yarn is then passed through the steamer. This process sets the twist of the yarn and is then wound onto cones.
how do Alpacas establish poo piles ?
this is how to do it by hand
this is how to do it by machine
Alpacas establish poo piles by smelling the air .it means that you can set up toilet for your Alpacas. that means that there will not be poo all over their paddock.
3 what are the needs of Alpacas?
Alpacas are cute and cuddly.If you like that sort of stuff you will like this.
http://www.echobeachalpcas.com/mill processing 12.html
and my brother Charlie Westwell
Chris Walker, Ambersun Alpacas
How do you shear an Alpaca?
The best way to shear an Alpaca is to strap the alpaca to a table and shear it from their. You can also shear the alpaca by having the Alpacas neck through your legs. but the first one is the best one but it is not the most common
what is the difference between alpaca fiber and sheep wool?
Alpaca wool is softer,lighter,stronger and warmer than sheep wool. Also, it is better for people with skin allergies because it is not as itchy as sheep wool.
Average alpaca fiber is 22-28 microns. Sheep wool is closer to 50 microns. This means that alpaca fiber is much softer than sheep wool.
When you look at alpaca fiber it is crimped. This makes it more durable and strong.
Alpaca fiber is inflammable. This means it is safer to make products with it.
It comes in many different natural colours, which means that you don't have to use chemical dyes.
A raw alpaca fleece is usually full of debris. Dirt, dried grass clippings, twigs, and whole seed pods. the first step is to 'dry' clean the wool.
you should not wash it at this stage, because alpaca wool does not contain the greasy lanolin like most other wools.
Once you have spun a skein of yarn, then soak and gently (but thoroughly) hand wash it in hot water and Dawn dish detergent, rinsing it in cold water before hanging it to dry.
begin by laying a piece of raw fleece on your lap with the shorn side underneath and the tips pointing up.
Very carefully begin to separate the naturally formed staples, a small handful at a time.
Be prepared for a dirty lap, for a lot of debris will fall from the wool during this step!
With a fine fleacomb that you can find in the cat section of your supermarket or petstore,comb the debris and second cuts from the staples.
Take a large staple, or several small ones, and while holding the staple in the middle, run your fleacomb through one end of the staple several times. Then flip the staple around and fleacomb through the other end.
A lot of alpaca fiber is rather silky and slippery, and sometimes it helps to twist the staple on the end that you are holding so that you have a better grip and so that the comb does not pull chunks of usable fiber from the staple. You do need to hold it firmly!
The fleacombing not just removes debris from the wool, it also opens and 'fluffs' the the wool so that carding and blending it is an absolute breeze.
stack the cleaned, opened staples in a basket, ready to card. More experienced hand spinners may find they can skip the carding altogether and spin these fluffly staples as they are.
After carding the wool, hand roll the resulting batts from the carders into soft rolags.
The rolags can be spun as is, or they can be pulled into long, soft rovings.
Pulling fibers gently from the center of the rolag, the rolag begins to turn itself into a roving. It is the same motion you use during pre-drafting of a tight roving.
Be sure to use a gentle touch. Continue to elongate the roving.
Ready for spinning! A very soft, light and airy alpaca fiber roving.