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Graffiti Has Negative Effects on Society
Transcript of Graffiti Has Negative Effects on Society
Graffiti is a form of vandlism, and involves marking or 'tagging' one's property without their consent (Weisel, 2015).
How does this Law Apply to Juveniles?
Section 23c of the legislation claims that a seller of spray paint must not sell to a minor.
The maximum penalty for this is:
If the law was to change, and to produce positive affects on society, changes must be made.
Graffiti has Negative Effects on Society
What are the impacts of graffiti on society?
Graffiti almost always has detrimental affects on society in various stakeholders and aspects of any community. These effects are often felt financially, emotionally, and soocially.
Graffiti Vs. Street Art
"Graffiti is a social problem and does not balance society's rights and responsibilities"
Graffiti is considered by many, a way of expression and a form of art. However, the strongest belief is that any form of graffiti is a crime and a legitimate form of vandalism. What is graffiti and who are the stakeholders? What are the law circumstances, and penalties? How can we improve these laws?
Want to find out more? Don't exit just yet, because we're diving right into the fundamental facts of Graffiti!
This incorporates, scratching, drawing, etching and the most stereotypical form; Spray can.
Many people are confused about the difference between street art and graffiti, however, there is a fine distinction between them, and this has great impacts on society.
Street Art Vs. Graffiti
Can you figure out which of these images belongs to which genre?
Outline of the Queensland Law
Street Art, on the other hand, is a more modern art form that has adopted practices from graffitists. Street artists, in many cases, are formally trained art students who pre-prepare their work before hand and arrive on location with the product (Herron School of Art & Design, 2014). In other words, Street art is a legitamate art form and always has authorized consent whether it's practiced on someone else's property or not.
"Street Art is Constructive, Graffiti is destructive"
(Graffiti Hero, 2015)
Street Art adorns the urban landscape, Graffiti Tagging scars it and accelerates urban decay.
Most graffiti is done by gang members to tag or mark their territory. While graffiti may seem like a victimless crime, neighborhoods that experience increased crime also experience increased fear among residents and businesses. This translates into lower property values, and loss of vital services and neighborhood businesses (Westwood Residents, 2011). Over time, the cycle of violence, fear, lawlessness and despair can hugely degrade the community's values in all possible aspects; businesses can be lost, sudden decrease in tourism could occur and simply just a negative insight would be felt . As community value decreases, they may also begin to struggle financially because of the increased costs related to graffiti removal and other gang-related crimes.
Stakeholders - Victims
Summary Offences Act 2005
The Queensland government finally pronounced graffiti illegal and put this crime to a stop in 2005. The legislation corresponding to graffiti specifically is the Summary Offences Act 2005, section 17.
According to this legislation, a person must not possess a graffiti instrument that:
is reasonably suspected of having been used for graffiti
is being used for graffiti
is reasonably suspected of being about to be used for graffiti
The maximum penalty is 20 penalty units or 1 year imprisonment.
1 penalty unit is equivalent to $113.85, so having a penalty of 20 units would mean that the criminal would need $2277 in spare to bail them out of jail.
If unable to pay, the only other option is the imprisonent sentence.
"When graffiti was daubed on the side of a St Blazey supermarket wall volunteers from a gardening and landscaping firm decided to swap spades for brushes.
Andy Harris, who runs JAAC Garden and Landscape Services, sprang into action after the 27-year-old spotted the scrawl on the outside wall of the Co-Op in Middleway.
He was horrified by the message, which was directed at a family member.
"It read 'get your green at … Polgrean'. When I saw it I thought it was disgusting," he said."
This is an article from the Cornish Guardian, which points out an issue of vandalism that was taken out on a co-operative society house; and this form of vandalism was graffiti. It explains how an offensive tagging was marked on the building, and was directed at one of the victim's family members. It reports that there were complaints from the society, and this indicates that the victims weren't only the stakeholders, but anyone who sees it, as well as the 3 employess at a small gardening business. Victims of graffiti vandalism are the most important stakeholders in this crime, and are therefore the most affect and relied upon when solving any unanswered situations.
Stakeholders - Council
The video to the left is a Today Tonight segment on evidence of graffiti vandalism. This video captures a gang of graffitists who breach security measures on railway tracks to mark train carriages, and evidently even entire trains. (Today Tonight, 2010)
In this case, the stakeholder is the council, because their own security is being overpowered by graffitists. No matter what lengths they have gone to catch these criminals, they are never successful, leaving them to pay millions of dollars every year, on all graffiti vandalisms. In almost all cases of public graffiti, the council will find themselves involved, sorting out communial issues.
Stakeholders - The community (or anyone who sees)
This video surveys several people from the community to see what their personal opinion is on graffiti.
Almost all of them proclaimed that they did not approve of graffiti, unless it's of artistic or proffessional measures. However one citizen explained that he was not bothered by graffiti,
The community's or citizen's views on graffiti has the most impact on society. This becomes evident when complaints are sent to the council (another stakeholder), economical or political crisis' occur, and a sudden drop in tourism occurs. The appearance of any town or city reflects upon the quality of the community, and therefore is downgraded, fear of many residents is created and eventually has huge effect on the population.
For the first offence: 140 penalty units ($15939)
For the second offence: 280 penalty units ($31878)
For the third offence: 420 penalty units ($47817)
If a juvenile is caught using spray can for 'tagging' , then these penalties will apply to whoever sold them the graffiti instrument.
The punishment relating to the crime of graffiti certainly is harsh enough, or if anything, not harsh enough. Far from being an act of harmless self-expression, graffiti is a crime of violence against an entire community because feelings of dread and desperation increase among residents. Businesses and economic growth eventually ceases to exist.
The law should not be changed because graffiti causes great harm on the entirety of the society. For being caught on one offence is only $2277 or 1 years imprisonment. Is this really enough to stop this form of vandalism?
For example, a recommendation for producing positive outlooks on graffiti, and to reduce criminal activity and vandalism, is to build a community wall in which all citizens are entitled to put markings of any form on.
An example if this in action is the graffiti wall in Warringah. Council's legal graffiti walls provide a legitimate outlet for talented and aspiring artists to hone and display their skills (Warringah Council, 2014)
This resource has been very successful, relieving huge amounts of conflict from the community