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A Clockwork Orange: Psychoanalysis of Alex Delarge by Anthon
Transcript of A Clockwork Orange: Psychoanalysis of Alex Delarge by Anthon
"The ego is the part of the personality that maintains a balance between our
impulses (our id) and our conscience (our superego). The ego is based on the
reality principle" (Emmett and Veeder).
According to Freud, the Ego balances the need of the Id and the Superego making a conscious and realistic decision
The Superego is part of the personality that represents the conscience, the moral part of us. According to Freud, the Superego dictates our belief of right and wrong . Thus, the Superego can be thought of as a type of conscience that punishes misbehavior with feelings of guilt.
"The "Id" is the part of the personality that contains our primitive impulses such as thirst, anger, hunger- and the desire for instant gratification or release. According to Freud, the id represents the unconscious, instinctive aspect of the personality that serves to relieve pain and tension through reflex and primary process" (Emmett and Veeder 213).
"Am I just to be like a clockwork orange?"
The behavior modification treatment, also known as the Ludovico treatment combines pictures of horrid scenes of violence that evokes a feeling of physical sickness.
Ego changes when Alex is forced from his "id" into his "Superego".
Alex, in the end, makes the realistic decision to suppress his "id" to avoid feeling ill.
Alex becomes a "Clockwork Orange", alive on the outside but mechanical on the inside.
"What's it going to be then, eh?"
"Then I was left alone with the glorious Ninth of Ludwig Van. Oh, it was gorgeosity and yumyumyum. When it came to the Scherzo (stereo) I could viddy (see) myself very clear running and running on like very light and mysterious nogas (masks), carving the whole litso (face) of the creeching (screaming) world with my cut- throat britva (knife)” (Burgess 179).
"A Human being is endowed with free will. He can use this to choose between good and evil. If he can only perform good or only perform evil, then he is a clockwork orange- meaning that he has the appearance of an organism lovely with color and juice but is in fact only a clockwork work toy to be wound up by God or the Devil. It is as inhuman to be totally good as it is to be totally evil. the important thing is moral choice" -Anthony Burgess
"Psychoanalysis itself is a form of therapy which aims to cure mental disorders by investigating the interaction of conscious and unconscious elements in the mind" (Peter Berry 92).
"This practice is based upon the specific theories of how the mind, the instincts, and sexuality work" (Peter Barry 92).
Summary of Novel
"A Clockwork Orange" is a novel written by Anthony Burgess in 1962.
This story is told in first person by our protagonist, Alex.
Set in a not-so-distant future, this story takes place in an English society dominated by an extreme culture of youth violence.
In the story, the language is a mixture of both English and "Nadsat", which is a form of language that incorporates a large number of words inspired by Russian origin
"What I do I do because I like to do"
Who is Alex?
Alex is characterized as a psychopath and a juvenile delinquent, he is also intelligent with sophisticated taste in music, being particularly fond of Beethoven.
Alex also serves as the gang's leader and the head conspirator of the gang's violent adventures.
In the story, Alex undergoes the Ludovico treatment that works to "cure" him in the end.
Alex freely acts out his "Id" desires by committing violent acts with his gang such as rape, robbery and murder.
Alex thinks of music before committing a violent action, which links to his inability to control his violent behavior.
His superego fails to punish him because he sees no wrong or fault in what he is doing.
Violence is satisfaction
"And, my brothers, it was real satisfaction to me to waltz- left two three, right two three—and carve left cheeky and right cheeky, so that like two curtains of blood seemed to pour out at the same time, one on either side of his fat filthy oily snout in the winter starlight. Down this blood poured in like red curtains…” (Burgess 16-17).
"Then I pulled the lovely ninth out of its sleeve, so that Ludwig van was now nagoy (naked) too, and I set the needle hissing on to the last movement, which was all bliss… and then the lovely blissful tune all about Joy being a glorious spark like of heaven, and then I felt the old tigers leap in me and then I leaped on these two young ptitsas (women)... but they were both really drunken and I could hardly feel anything" (Burgess 46).
"While the stereo played bits of lovely Bach I closed my glazzies (eyes) and viddied (to see) myself helping in and even taking charge of the tolchecking (to hit) and the nailing in, being dressed in a like toga that was the height of Roman fashion" (Burgess 79).
Music fuels violence
Violence cures violence
"...And the first thing that flashed in my gulliver (head) was that I would like to have her right down there on the floor with the ole in-out real savage, but skorry (fast) as A shot came the sickness... I knew I had to think of some way new like way of thinking before all the pain and thirstiness and horrible sickness came over me" (128).
"“Now, all the time I was watching this I was beginning to get very unaware of a like not feeling all that well, and this I put down to the under-nourishment and my stomach not quite ready for the rich pishcha (food) and vitamins I was getting here”
"...it was like being one of those malenky (little) toys you viddy being sold in the streets, like little chellovecks (man, gentlemen) made out of tin and with a spring inside... and you wind it up and off it itties...being young was like being one of those malenky machines" (189).
"Come, I said. I just don't get this at all. The old days are dead and gone ways. For what i did in the past I have been punished. I have been cured" (149).
"For I needed help and kindness now. Those horrible grahzny bratchnies (dirty) in that terrible white mesto (place) had done that to me, making me need help and kindness now and forcing me to give help and kindness myself, if anybody would take it" (154).
"I was Cured All Right"