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World History Flvs 3.03 Early MesoAmerican Civilizations
Transcript of World History Flvs 3.03 Early MesoAmerican Civilizations
cabeza clava chavin
This large stone head is a mixture of a human face and an animal's face. This one is thought to have been made somewhere between 900 and 200 BCE, made with terracotta, and originated in Peru. Its main purpose was to make sure the temple didn't flood during the highlands' rainy season.
Jaguar Funerary Vase
This funerary vase is in the shape of a Jaguar. It is one of the major figures represented in Chavin artistic production. The Jaguar embodies Chavin deities of the supernatural realm, they would allow a shaman to communicate with spirits entering the underworld. This vase was made by the Chavins with gray-brown terracotta in 200 BCE and originated from North of Peru.
giant Olmec head
This giant, stone Olmec head was discovered in 1862 by some workmen clearing a field in Veracruz, Mexico. It was made around 1000 BCE and was built, and is thought to be modeled, after one of the Olmec rulers of the time. This head stands tall at 3 meters high and weighs 20 tons (or more).
This statue is called 'The Wrestler' and is an ancient Olmec artifact. It was also found in the Mexican state of Veracruz only about 70 years later in 1933 near Arroyo Sonso, by a farmer. 'The Wrestler' is thought to have been made somewhere between 1500 and 400 BCE and is said to be the finest of Olmec sculptures.
Zapotec burial urn
This burial urn is modeled after the rain god, Cojico, like many other burial urns found. The rain god was very important to the Zapotecs seeing how they lived off a farming-based economy. They were placed on tombs and in palaces and when making them usually dressed them to look rich in order ensure a good harvest.
This is 'The Scribe' he got his name from his resemblance to a known Egyptian portrait of a scribe. It dates back to about 900-100 AD, is ceramic, and was found in Cuilapan, South Mexico. The writing on his headdress and chest are the dates '13 Water' and '13 Flint' ( respectively) in Mixteco. The significance of these dates is still unknown.