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Classifying the Colonies

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Maddy Baker

on 3 September 2013

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Transcript of Classifying the Colonies

Classifying the Colonies
Jamestown
Massachusetts Bay
Pennsylvania
Maryland
Georgia
Madelyn Baker
Period 1

1.
FIRST permanent British North American settlement
first settlement to last in the "New World" from England
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
God, Gold, and Glory
reasons why Jamestown was founded
English were pursuing these three (mostly gold) when they came to North America
1607
year that Jamestown was founded
London Company
a joint-stock company (multiple investors-lowers risk) that granted the charter that sent the group to what would become Jamestown
sent over the 104 English people that would become the settlers of Jamestown
later became Virginia company
full of wealthy, younger men
families weren't sent over
made it difficult to repopulate later on
didn't know how to work
Captain John Smith
sets up shelter, assigned jobs, stops search of gold
leaves Jamestown because of powder burn, leads to "Starving Time"
The Starving Time
people ate those who died
90% of population dies
colony only sustained by shipments of new people from England
Tobacco
long term savior of Jamestown
called "American gold"
a starting point that will lead to the start of labor of other people (indentured servants, then slavery)
grows well in Chesepeake region
John Rolfe
introduces tobacco
marries Pocohontas (the daughter of the chief of the Powhatan Confederacy) which affects Native American relations
Disease
wiped out much of the population
settlers didn't have an immunity to New World diseases
geography contributed to the diseases, such as malaria
made it difficult to sustain the settlement, so many were sick
1.
Puritans
this is the religion that filled Massachusetts Bay colony
weren't wanted in England, reason for settling the colony
wanted religious, moral, and societal reforms
2.
John Winthrop
governor of Massachusetts Bay
wanted to create a pious Puritan state
exiled Anne Hutchison from the colony
came to the New World looking for freedom, governed non-democratically at times
3.
4.
1630
Massachusetts Bay colony is established by John Winthrop
1.
2.
William Penn
founder of Pennsylvania
Quaker
peaceful leadership
Quakers
reason that Pennsylvania was founded
wanted a personal relationship with God
influenced many of their other attitudes
3.
4.
Peaceful
were peaceful with Native Americans
Pacifists
didn't have military
1.
2.
Lord Baltimore
Cecilius Calvert
founder of Maryland
Catholic
governed as an absentee proprietor in a feudal relationship
Catholics
wanted refuge, reason for founding Maryland
Catholics were being persecuted by Protestants in England, wanted to leave
3.
4.
1649
Act of Toleration was passed
gave all Christians freedom of religion
one of first toleration act in the colonies
Protestants
though Maryland was created for Catholics, Protestants soon outnumbered the Catholics
5.
6.
Health
Because of its geographical location, Maryland did not have many deaths caused by diseases
much less death overall than Jamestown
healthy colony, no plagues or starvation
Proprietors
could distribute land as they wish
most was given to relatives and English aristocrats
developed as the upper class
7.
8.
Tobacco
very important to the economy
used indentured servants
black slaves came later
Sir George Calvert
the First Lord Baltimore
Charles I granted the land that later became Maryland to him
when he died, the land went to his son, Cecilius Calvert
9.
10.
Calverts
Calvert family had control
decided how government was established
could distribute land
Feudal Relationship
how Maryland was run
Calverts had much of the land, then given out to wealthy nobles, continuing down until the lowest social level
1.
2.
James Oglethorpe
main founder of Georgia
wanted prison reforms (led to part of Georgia's purpose
given royal charter by King George II
strict ruler
Debtors
part of reason why Georgia was created
debtors in prison could go to start over
3.
4.
Buffer State
Georgia served as a buffer between Spanish Florida and other colonies
kept Spanish from expanding from Florida
1732
year that Oglethorpe's petition to help debtors was approved
year that Georgia was founded
5.
6.
Slavery not allowed
only British colony to completely prohibit slavery at this time
not for moral reason
thought that small landowners should prosper from their own work
Wine and Silk
main exports of Georgia
didn't use slave labor to make
mostly a failure in helping the economy
7.
8.
Subsidies
only colony to be reliant on Parliament's annual subsidies
had to depend on England
Discipline
tightly-disciplines, military-style colony
slaves, alcohol, and Catholicism were outlawed
9.
10.
Georgia was last of the 13 colonies to become a colony
Religious Tolerance
all Christians, except for Catholics, were free to practice their religion
Last
Theocracy
what Winthrop wanted when forming the colony
political and religious leader are the same
the colony mostly had political freedom
representative government
5.
6.
Anne Hutchinson
Puritan spiritual adviser
her beliefs were different than those of the Puritan clergy
believed to have unorthodox ideas
part of the Antinomian controversy
exiled from the colony by Winthrop
"City upon a hill..."
phrase used by John Winthrop in "A Model of Christian Charity"
wanted to be a model society
Winthrop thought highly of his colony
7.
8.
Roger Williams
believed Puritans were too powerful in the colony
ordered to leave Massachusetts Bay colony because of his beliefs
founded Rhode Island based on the beliefs of separation of Church and State because of what happened to him in Massachusetts Bay
9.
10.
Pequot War
alliance of Massachusetts Bay Colony and Plymouth (with Native American alliances) against the Pequot tribe
1634-1638
eliminated most of the Pequot tribe
caused by attacks on both sides
Slavery
first slave holding colony in New England
slavery could have existed there before the formation of the colony
Safer Geography
less wet and marshy (less disease)
rocky soil
wasn't great for farming
hilly
No established church
most were Quakers
settlers had more freedom to look at religion how they wanted
5.
6.
No immigration laws
allowed anyone to immigrate to Pennsylvania
did so to create a religious haven
Holy Experiment
term used by Penn to describe Pennsylvania's government
serve everyone and provide freedom for all
7.
8.
Philadelphia
urban center for the colony
trade and craft center
attracted immigrants
became capital of Pennsylvania
1682
year that Pennsylvania was founded
9.
10.
Fertile Soil
good for agriculture
products: wheat, corn, cattle, dairy
helped feed colony and trade
Manufacturing
occurred in urban city of Philadelphia
textiles, paper, shipbuilding
contributed to economy
went along with the agricultural products produced in the colony
Full transcript