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Copy of Instructional Methods

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Rebecca De Angelis

on 26 February 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Instructional Methods

Instructional Methods: Identify Ways to Involve Learners Presentation: Problem Solving: Advantage/Limitations use a source to relate, dramatize or provide information to learners
makes use of verbal and visual information
provides background information
useful to introduce new topic, provide an overview, or motivate students to learn
one-way communication = controlled by the source
audience listens and takes notes
video, audio and computer can be used Page 113 - 114 Rebecca De Angelis Discussion: encourage interaction and involve students in learning
share information about a topic or problem
work together towards a solution or consensus
introduce to other beliefs or opinions
enhances learning that results from interaction
provides teacher with immediate feedback on students' understanding
assess attitudes of the group
foster collaborative and cooperative learning
discuss to evaluate effectiveness of instruction Games: Discovery: Demonstration: enables and encourages students to find answers themselves
learn best by doing rather that hearing/reading
learn through personal experience
develop and use observation and comparison skills
learn to follow leads and clues and record findings
uses inductive or inquiry approach
trial and error discovery
aims to develop deeper understanding through active involvement shows how to do a task: why, when and where it is done
view a real-life and lifelike example of skill or procedure
illustrates how something works, how to perform a task or teach safety procedures
verbal explanations provide concrete illustration of ideas, principles and concepts
set a performance standard for student work
establish criteria expected
live or recorded media format Simulation: learners confront realistic approximations or real-life situations
allows realistic practice without the expense or risk involved
may involve: role play, handling of materials/equipment, or interaction with computer
promotes skills that emphasize accuracy and speed
practice cooperation and team work
fosters leadership skills
promote decision making
builds positive values and attitudes to students in unfamiliar roles Instructional Methods: Another piece to the planning puzzle! PIE: Planning Phase
Implementation Phase
Evaluation Phase What are Instructional Methods? How can we use them? during lessons to help students
provide motivation, orientation, information, application, or evaluation
can be incorporated with media
assist learners to build on prior knowledge
should use a variety
choose what is best suited for certain content and certain learner What do you think are some types of instructional methods? 10 Types Instructional Methods: Presentation
Cooperative Learning
Problem Solving
Drill and Practice
Tutorial ...and now we get to learn about all of them. Let's get excited!!! Three important skills associated with discussion method: asking questions
managing flow of responses to your questions
responding to students' questions provide appealing environment
follow rules to attain a goal
highly motivating
use problem-solving skills or demonstrate mastery of specific content
contain subject-matter content while retaining benefits of game structure
examples = trivial pursuit or jeopardy Two key attributes: 1. Rules
outline how game will be played
what actions are/are not allowed
what constitutes winning the game
what the end result for winning will be
2. Competition or challenges
provide players with an opportunity to compete against themselves, against other individuals or against some sort of standard Cooperative Learning: small groups of students
learn collaborative and social skills
work towards a common academic goal or task
learn from several sources
provide opportunities for each student to share their own abilities and knowledge
each student is accountable to group for different and specific content
must rely on others in the group
students combine communication and critical thinking to solve problems Several Uses: learn course content
promote positive interactions and interdependence among groups of students
teach important social and communication skills
to reach individual accountability problems: well defined and less defined
must be able to analyze problems
form tentative hypotheses
collect and interpret data
develop a logical approach to solving the problem
use previously learned content and skills to resolve the problem
expected to arrive at a higher understanding of content under study/investigation Scientific Method: 1. define the problem and all major components
2. formulate hypothesis
3. collect and analyze the data
4. formulate conclusions and/or solutions
5. verify conclusions and/or solutions Drill and Practice: beneficial when students need to memorize and recall information
led through a series of practice exercises
reflect newly learned skill or refresh existing one
should include feedback and correct errors
repetitive work
do not use to introduce new content
give learners the opportunity to master material at their own pace Tutorials: convey content from tutor to learn: instructor and student, student to student, computer to student, print to student
used for learning all types of content
may introduce new material
usually one to one
a tutor must:
present content
pose questions or problems
request student analysis
supply feedback
provide practice Which method(s) to use? may use multiple or mixed methods within a single lesson
combination of methods may be more beneficial and keep the content interesting
do NOT make choice that only you like best or are most comfortable with
choosing methods will become easier with experience Checklist to help choose a method... Thank you for listening! Any questions before our quiz? What are three instructional methods? T/F
Teachers should always choose a method they are comfortable with over what is most appropriate for their students? What does PIE stand for? What are the five steps in the scientific method? T/F
Cooperative learning allows students to combine communication and critical thinking to solve problems
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