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Five Types of Instructional Software
Transcript of Five Types of Instructional Software
Software Instructional Games Tutorials Tutorials give instruction without the teacher. Good tutorials include a practice section with immediate feedback to check comprehension, provide user-control, cover content adequately, and allow students to answer appropriately (Roblyer & Doering, 2013) Problem-Solving "Problem-solving software is designed specifically to teach problem-solving skills" (Roblyer & Doering, 2013, p. 89). Nicole Dipyatic
Boise State University
EDTECH 541 Relative Advantages of Instructional Software we will learn about five types of instructional software and the relative advantages This type of software provides students with immediate feedback, which can increase student motivation for learning and also save teacher time, since teachers don't need to check drill and practice. Types:
High Stakes Testing Practice
Music A create your own drill and practice website, http://www.quizlet.com, allows teachers (or students) to create their own drill and practice items, which can include math facts, vocabulary, subject-specific content, and even standardized test content. Another math drill and practice website for elementary students:
http://www.aplusmath.com Simulations are computerized models of a real world process or system. There are two types of simulations: ones that teach someone about something and ones that teach someone how to do something (Roblyer & Doering, 2013). Simulations are popular in the science and social studies fields, but are also used in other areas. http://socialstudiescentral.com/?q=content/online-interactive-simulations provides many educational simulations for elementary and middle school students. For example, among the list http://www.marsquestonline.org/, allows students to launch a spacecraft to Mars, and explore photos of its surface. Relative advantages of instructional games are:
Games can be used across all content areas
Roblyer & Doering (2013) suggest that the use of instructional games provides higher retention of material over time
Games have a strong appeal with students due to their competitive nature, thus increasing interest in the topic and content area Instructional games provide students with competition during instructional activities. When students know they're playing a game, they're more likely to be excited and engaged in learning. Through a school subscription, http://www.educationcity.com provides interactive instructional games for students K-6 in math, language arts, and science. It also has games for English Language Learners. All games are aligned to state standards and students also have the option of playing certain games "live" against other students in the class, school, state, and country. In addition to games, EducationCity comes with interactive whiteboard lessons and student progress tracking. A free trial is available. A great site for reading, http://www.starfall.com provides free educational read-alongs and games. Students interactively read while also practicing reading skills as games. http://more.starfall.com is an extension of the site that provides games in other areas like math. Tutorials have the benefit of self-paced instruction that is self-contained. They are beneficial for students who may need extra practice or extra instruction if they miss a class. Students should be able to stop and start tutorials to fit their needs, and they can be used for differentiated instruction. https://www.khanacademy.org/
Khan Academy provides tutorial videos on various content areas idea for students who have missed lessons or need extra practice. http://www.abcya.com provides free educational
games for grades K-6 in math and reading. Instructional game apps for iPads and other devices can also be downloaded from this site. Three components include recognizing a goal, a process, and mental activity (Roblyer & Doering, 2013). Relative advantages of problem-solving software:
helps students to visualize concepts
provides student engagement and motivation to learn
makes knowledge and skills more meaningful for students
opportunities for discovery learning http://www.criticalthinking.com
provides software for memory skills in reading and math. Software demos can be downloaded and practiced before purchasing. http://www.mathplayground.com/ provides problem-solving games for elementary students in math. http://www.coolmath.com provides online math tutorials and games for students of all ages.
Students benefit from these activities because they gain automaticity of basic skills with repetition (Roblyer & Doering, 2013). A great example of drill and practice software for elementary and middle school math is http://www.ixl.com, which is based on grade level concepts and aligned to state standards. Reference:
Roblyer, M.D., & Doering, A.H. (2013). Integrating technology into teaching. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Inc. http://www.smg2000.org/ is The Stock Market Game Simulation that can be used with grades 4-12 to simulate a stock market for students to learn about how to make financial decisions. Simulations provide many benefits such as observation of complicated processes like making something happen quickly that normally takes much longer or slow a process down to be examined more carefully. Other benefits include making the impossible happen, engaging students with interactive processes, and repetition of a process with other variations (Roblyer & Doering, 2013). http://aaamath.com provides math tutorials for elementary and middle school students.