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Mortimer J. Adler

Hall of Fame #2
by

Samantha Blaisdell

on 28 February 2011

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Transcript of Mortimer J. Adler

Mortimer J. Adler Philosophy is everybody's business Goal of education: December 28, 1902 Associate professor of Philosophy at the University of Chicago for his academic career until he retired in 1952. Institute of Philosophical Research at the
University of North Carolina He founded:

The institute for philosophical research at the University of North Carolina
The Aspen Institute
The Center for the Study of the Great Ideas To prepare everyone to be lifelong learners
By stressing the importance of liberal arts and philosophy Proposed that Higher education should adopt the "Great Books" program. Requires that all students should take core classes in Philosophy, Politics, and Religion. Contemporary significance
Read multiple times with benefits
Relevant to a large number of great ideas or issues from the past 25 centuries. Tools to solve problems
Ability to make decisions
Cultivate innate ability to live ethically
Responsible citizen of a Democracy Hierarchy of knowledge Math, science, history, geography, and measurement for Elementary grades.

Fiction, poetry, drama, and art reserved for High School and College Paidei Proposal Organized knowledge Intellectual Skills Factual knowledge should be taught in lectures Intellectual skills should be taught through coaching and supervised practice Further development of core skills through projects, group work, and performance tasks. Understanding of ideas and values should be taught through the Socratic method of discussion and questioning. Open ended questions that help students further understand themes and ideas. 1492 Lewis & Clark Each type of knowledge should be taught and assessed differently Organizational knowledge should be assessed wtih multiple choice or true-false type questions. Assessment normally includes a checklist or rubric 70% of instruction time 10-15% of Instruction time Understanding ideas and values 15-20% of Instruction time This type of knowledge can be assessed through essay questions. CRITICISMS:

Promoting American political propoganda abroad
Only celebrates the accomplishments of white, European males. Women and people of color are excluded. Although he encouraged Secondary schools to start his "Great Books" program, it has been colleges that have adopted his ideas. Bibliography

1. ADLER, Mortimer Jerome. (2005). In Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers. Retrieved from http://www.credoreference.com/entry/contmap/adler_mortimer_jerome

2. Roberts, Terry. (2002). Paideia philossophy. Unpublished manuscript, Department of Philosophy, UNC, Retrieved from http://www.paideia.org/content.php//philo/NPCStaff_NatlFaculty.htm

3. Adler, Mortimer. (1972). How to read a book. NY, NY: Touchstone.

4. Farrand, Margaret. (2000). Mortimer adler. Retrieved from http://www2.selu.edu/Academics/Faculty/nadams/educ692/Adler.html
Three types of knowledge:

Organized knowledge, Intellectual skills, and the understanding of ideas and values.
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