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US History - 9.3 - Expansion in Texas

USH 9.3
by

McDaris

on 18 October 2013

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Transcript of US History - 9.3 - Expansion in Texas

1820
1850
1830
1840
CHAPTER 9: “Expanding Markets and Moving West”
Section 3: Expansion in Texas
Mexico offers land grants to American settlers, but conflict develops over religion and other cultural differences, and the issue of slavery.
Americans Settle in the Southwest
The Misson System
• Under Spanish, a few thousand Mexican settlers in present-day Texas
• Spanish use Roman Catholic missions to convert Native Americans
• Mexico offers mission lands to government officials, ranchers
The Impact of Mexican Independence
• Mexico encourages trade between U.S. and northern provinces
• Native American groups threaten scattered Mexican settlements
Mexico Invites U.S. Settlers
• To protect territory, Mexico encourages U.S. farmers to go to Texas
• Offers land grants to empresarios (agents) who sell land cheaply
• Until 1830s, Anglo settlers live as naturalized Mexican citizens
Austin in Texas
• Stephen F. Austin, successful empresario, establishes colony in 1821
• Old Three Hundred get 177 farming acres or 4,428 grazing acres
• U.S. wants lands south to Rio Grande; Mexico refuses to sell Texas
Texas Fights for Independence
“Come to Texas”
• Cultural differences arise between Anglos and Mexico:
- Anglos speak English, not Spanish
- Southerners bring slaves; Mexico abolished slavery
• In 1830s, Anglos greatly outnumber Tejanos
• Mexican president Antonio López de Santa Anna imprisons Austin
− revokes local powers; rebellions erupt, including Texas Revolution
“Remember the Alamo!”
• Santa Anna marches to Texas; Austin tells Texans to arm themselves
• Santa Anna storms Alamo, old mission; all 187 U.S. defenders killed
Continued Texas Fights for Independence
The Lone Star Republic
• Sam Houston defeats, captures Santa Anna at Battle of San Jacinto
• Treaty of Velasco grants independence to Texas (April 1836)
• Houston becomes president of the Republic of Texas
Texas Joins the Union
• 1838, Houston invites U.S. to annex, or incorporate, Texas
• South favors, North opposes annexation; Texas becomes state in 1845
1821
1823
1824
The Mission System
Under Spanish, a few thousand Mexican settlers in present-day Texas
Spanish use Roman Catholic missions to convert Native Americans
Mexico offers mission lands to government officials, ranchers
The Impact of Mexican Independence
Mexico encourages trade between U.S. and northern provinces
Native American groups threaten scattered Mexican settlements

Mexico Invites U.S. Settlers
To protect territory, Mexico encourages U.S. farmers to go to Texas
Offers land grants to empresarios (agents) who sell land cheaply
Until 1830s, Anglo settlers live as naturalized Mexican citizens
Austin in Texas
Stephen F. Austin, successful empresario, establishes colony in 1821
Old Three Hundred get 177 farming acres or 4,428 grazing acres
U.S. wants lands south to Rio Grande; Mexico refuses to sell Texas
“Come to Texas”
Cultural differences arise between Anglos and Mexico:
Anglos speak English, not Spanish
Southerners bring slaves; Mexico abolished slavery
In 1830s, Anglos greatly outnumber Tejanos
Mexican president Antonio López de Santa Anna imprisons Austin
revokes local powers; rebellions erupt, including Texas Revolution

“Remember the Alamo!”
Santa Anna marches to Texas; Austin tells Texans to arm themselves
Santa Anna storms Alamo, old mission; all 187 U.S. defenders killed
The Lone Star Republic
Sam Houston defeats, captures Santa Anna at Battle of San Jacinto
Treaty of Velasco grants independence to Texas (April 1836)
Houston becomes president of the Republic of Texas
Texas Joins the Union
1838, Houston invites U.S. to annex, or incorporate, Texas
South favors, North opposes annexation; Texas becomes state in 1845
Full transcript