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CIVIL RIGHTS movement
Transcript of CIVIL RIGHTS movement
Where and when the problem began
Between 1560 and 1640
Millions of Africans were taken from their homes to be sold and work as slaves
A slave trade route between Africa and America
Some slaves could escape.
They needed all the help they could get
The underground railroad was a network of secret routes and safe houses used by the black slaves to escape to free states and Canada
Uncle Tom's cabin 1851
The best selling novel. A very moving pathetic story it brought attention to the living conditions of black slaves
The Emancipation Proclamation
Two executive orders (not a law) by President Lincoln during the civil war declaring freedom for all slaves BUT it was not a law so not all states followed
a story describing African Americans as stupid and jolly.
Jim Crow meant a way of life in which African Americans were relegated to the status of second class citizens
13th (in 1865) and 14th (in 1868) amendments
made sure blacks were given the same rights as whites
Baseball color line
in 1947 Jackie Robinson was the first black man to play in a white team The Brooklyn Dodgers
1955 Rosa Parks was arrested and the
Montgomery bus boycott decided...
mainly blacks rode the Montgomery buses so after 381 days with only a few customers times were difficult for the bus company
The Little Rock 9 (Arkansas)
The Little Rock Nine were a group of African-American students who were admitted in Little Rock Central High School in 1957. it was the first time blacks went to an all white school. The governor sent the National Guard to prevent them from entering the school.
Federal troops had to be sent to escort the students.
Lunch counter sit ins
At Woolworth ( a department store) the staff refused
to serve black at the lunch counter.
The non violent protest was to sit at the lunch counter
and refuse to move.
Martin Luther King
He wanted freedom and equals rights for African Americans.
He wanted to fight Jim Crow he wanted people to see blacks were not different.
His non violent protests brought more important reforms than ever before