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Discrimination Against Special Education Students

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on 21 October 2013

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Transcript of Discrimination Against Special Education Students

Discrimination & Special Education Students
The History of Special in the U.S.A.
In the early 1900s parents formed advocacy groups to help bring the educational needs of children with disabilities to the public
1961 - JFK created the President’s Panel on Mental Retardation, this is when federal aid started for students with disabilities
1965 - Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, which providing funding for primary education
Still by the 1970s only a small number of kids with disabilities were educated in public schools
1975 - The Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EHA) and the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA).
The EHA establishes a right to public education for all children regardless of disability, while the IDEA requires schools provide individualized or special education for children with qualifying disabilities.
What qualifies a learning disability?
the term learning disability is extremely broad
the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry says signs of a learning disability are any of the following:
difficulty following instructions
difficulty remembering
poor reading or math skills
lacks coordination in walking, sports, or holding pencil/tying a shoelace
easily misplaces homework
these seem extremely broad and it's very possible that kids who exhibit these "symptoms" probably don't have a learning disability
Accommodations for SPED students
students with learning disabilities are provided with accommodations meant to "level the playing field"
some examples are:
special test seating/areas
more involved instructions
verbal instructions, as well as written down
involved test preparation
focusing prompts
frequent breaks in class
use large print in presentations
The Feeling of Discrimination
depending on whether or not a learning disability effects you or not will form your opinion on who is getting discriminated against
If you have a learning dissability you think that more funding is needed for special education so that these students have equal opportunities
If you aren't affected, then you believe too much money and time is being taken away from general education students
Testing for a Learning Disability
Testing for kids with a learning disability is a very detailed in depth process that asses a student in all aspects of their academic lives through a variety of perspectives.
Testing asses their social skills, their mental skills as well as their motor skills.
Not only is the student required to asses their own abilities a parent and teacher is asked to asses the student based on the same questions.

Tests are often long and extremely detailed.

learning disabilities affect at least 1 in 10 schoolchildren
The average yearly cost for students with Disability for a public school $14,000,000 out of a total $75,000,000 budget
"Snowball Effect"
If Students don't have the proper accommodations the snowball effect will cause them to have problems later on in their schooling
We think that more inclusion classrooms in early education would work to benefit both sides as it gives all children equal resources
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