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Transcript of El Salvador
Capital: San Salvador; 1,424,000
Area: 21,041 square kilometers (8,124 square miles)
Language: Spanish, Caliche, Nahua
Religion: Roman Catholic, Evangelical
Currency: U.S. dollar
Life Expectancy: 70
GDP per Capita: U.S. $4,600
Literacy Percent: 80
El Salvador's National Flag
Lempa River (Río Lempa)
It is El Salvador’s largest and only navigable river
Its northern valley has hydroelectric projects that supply power to much of El Salvador
Its southern basin has been developed agriculturally, sisal (a cordage fibre) being the major crop.
After traveling 200 miles through Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador, the river finally enters the Pacific Ocean
A triangle with five volcanoes, representing the members of the former Central American union
The Phrygian cap, a red hat, tops a staff, and represents liberty
Behind the cap is a sun with beaming rays, encircled by the date of El Salvadorian independence, September 15, 1821
At the top of the triangle is a rainbow, symbolizing peace
Like many flags of nations in Central America, the flag of El Salvador uses blue and white, because these were the colors of the United Provinces of Central America, a union of Central American nations after achieving independence from Spain.
-three equal bands of blue on the top and bottom, and white in between
Surrounding the triangle are five blue and white flags, which also represent the nations of Central America
Below the triangle, the motto of El Salvador is written on a scroll: Dios, Union, Libertad (God, Union, Liberty)
Branches of laurel frame the triangle, representing victory
They are divided into fourteen sections, representing the fourteen Departments of El Salvador
Encircling all of this is the full name of the nation which translates to Republic of El Salvador in Central America
2,642.5 miles to El Salvador
Primarily made up of three ethnic groups:
89%-Mestizos (combination of Europeans and Indians)
Located in: Central America
Borders North Pacific Ocean
Surrounded by Guatemala and Honduras
Climate tropical on the coast and temperate in the uplands
El Salvador's highest peak, the Santa Ana (Ilamatepec) Volcano, erupted in 2005
: Food processing, beverages, petroleum, chemicals
: Coffee, sugar, corn, rice; shrimp; beef
: Offshore assembly exports, coffee, sugar, shrimp, textiles, chemicals, electricity
El Salvador is also the smallest and most densely populated nation in Central America
Traditions and Salvadorian Etiquette
Salvadoran women often pat each other on the right forearm or shoulder, rather than shake hands.
Close friends may hug and kiss on the right cheek.
Men shake hands with other men and with women, although they wait for the woman to extend her hand.
While shaking hands, they use the appropriate greeting for the time of day: "buenos dias"(good morning), "buenas tardes" (good afternoon), or "buenas noches" (good evening).
In many ways El Salvador is a formal culture where only close friends and family use first names.
They refer to people by the appropriate title (Senor or Senora) and their surname until invited to move to a first name basis.
El Salvador, with the other countries of Central America, declared its independence from Spain on September 15, 1821
Was a part of a federation of Central American States until that union dissolved in 1838
For decades after its independence, El Salvador experienced numerous revolutions and wars against other Central American Republics
From the years 1931-1979, El Salvador was ruled by a series of military dictatorships
Recent History-Gang Truce
El Salvador has dealt with gang truce since the first two months of 2012
This brought many murders and the gang truce continued into this year (2013) threatening and taking money from residents within areas they "control"
As of May 2013 the total of gang members decreased tremendously
having only 70,000 gang members with 9,000 serving time in prison
The Alto al Crimen Program (crime stoppers) is still today in full operation.
Many of the dishes are made with maize (corn)
The most notable dish is the pupusa, a thick hand-made corn flour or rice flour tortilla stuffed with cheese, chicharron (cooked pork meat ground to paste consistency), re-fried beans, and/or loroco (a vine flower bud native to Central America)
Celebrates Independence Day on September 15
A girl 's fifteenth birthday is considered a special date and is much celebrated-called a quinceanera or the fiesta rosa
Soccer is very popular in El Salvador