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The Age of Pericles
Transcript of The Age of Pericles
Examine rights, privileges, and responsibilities citizens and non-citizens had in civilizations based upon
gender, socio-economic class, ethnicity, religion, or caste
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.
2. Time, Continuity, and Change
6. Power, Authority, and Governance
10. Civic Ideals and Practices The Age of Pericles Vocabulary for the Day Direct Democracy-people gather at mass meetings to decide on government matters to decide on government matters
Representative Democracy- citizens choose a smaller group to make laws and governmental decisions on their behalf
Philosophers- thinkers who ponder questions about life The Athenian Empire 478 B.C., Athens joined with other city-states -but not Sparta- to form the Delian League
Delian League to defend its members against the Persians
The league freed almost all Greek cities under Persia's control
Delian League headquarters, the island of Delos
Little by little Athens gained control over other Greek cit-states in the alliance, became an Athenian empire Pericles c. 495-429 B.C. "Athens... is the school of Greece." Daily Life in Athens In the 400s B.C., more people lived in Athens than in any other Greek city-state.
285,000 residents; 150,000 were citizens
Slavery was common in the ancient world
Without their labor, Athens could not have supported its bustling economy The Peloponnesian War http://www.history.com/topics/pericles/videos#the-peloponnesian-war Democracy in Athens Strong faith in democratic system
Their system; direct democracy
Citizens can vote firsthand on laws and policies
Relatively small number of citizens
The assembly passed all the laws
10 officials (generals) carried out the laws and policies of the assembly The Achievements of Pericles After the Persian Wars, the leading figure in Athenian politics; general
Guided Athens for more than 30 years, shortly before his death
Helped Athens dominate the Delian League
Demanded strict loyalty and steady payments
Made Athens more democratic at home
Allowed lower-class male citizens to run for public office & paid office holders
Period of tremendous creativity
Rebuilding program after Persian Wars
Supported artists, architects, writers, and philosophers Bell Ringer:
Do you vote in school elections?
Why do you choose one classmate over another?
School may be difficult at times, but how would you feel if you could not go to school? -Pericles, as recorded by Thucydides The so-called golden age of Athenian culture flourished under the leadership of Pericles (495-429 B.C.), a brilliant general, orator, patron of the arts and politician—"the first citizen" of democratic Athens, according to the historian Thucydides. Pericles transformed his city's alliances into an empire and graced its Acropolis with the famous Parthenon. His policies and strategies also set the stage for the devastating Peloponnesian War, which would embroil all Greece in the decades following his death. What drove the Athenian economy? Many Athenians depended on farming for a living
Athenians did not have enough farmland to grow crops for all its people
During the 400s B.C. Athens became the trading center of the Greek world
Merchants grew wealthy Roles of Men and Women "This, then, was the calamity which fell upon Athens, and the times were hard indeed, with men dying inside the city and the land outside being laid waste."
History of the Peloponnesian War Exit Ticket:
What effects did the Peloponnesian War have on Greece?