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Georgia Government Task
Transcript of Georgia Government Task
By: Emma Henry SS8CG1: Students will describe the role of citizens under Ga's 1983 constitution. SS8CG1a: Explain the basic structure of the Georgia State Constitution Article 1: Bill of Rights
Article 2: Voting and Election
Article 3: Legislative Branch
Article 4: Constitutional Boards and Commissions
Article 5: Executive Branch
Article 6: Judicial Branch
Article 7: Taxation and Finance
Article 8: Education
Article 9: Counties and Municipal Corporations
Article 10: Amendments to the Constitution
Article 11: Miscellaneous Provisions The Constitution is made up of the preamble and 11 other articles SS8CG1b: Explain the concepts of separation of powers and checks and balances. Executive branch: Carries out laws and policies of the state Legislative Branch: makes and amends state laws Judicial Branch: Interprets state laws and sees that everything is constitutional. By having the separation of powers we divide up the power and responsibilities so no one group get to powerful. If one of the branches feels as if another branch is getting to powerful they may intervene and stop them from going to far. The will check and then balance the system. SS8CG1c: Describe the rights and responsibilities of citizens. Rights Responsibilities Life, liberty, and property
Freedom of press, religion, and speech
Free from discrimination
Right to assemble and petition, and bear arms
Right to trail by jury
Protection from unreasonable searches and seizures. Vote
Serve on jurys
Serve on the armed forces if called upon SS8CG1d: Explain Voting Qualifications and elections in Georgia Qualifications 18 years-old
Resident of the county you vote in. General Elections are held in November of every even numbered year. This is when major federal officials and state officials are chosen. Other elections are held as needed to select other public officials. Election SS8cg1e: Explain the role of political parties in government Roles 1. Nominating candidates for office.
2. Assisting in the electoral process
3. Helping to operate the government. Republican Democrat S8CG2: Students will analyze the role of the legislative branch in Georgia state government. S8CG2a: Explain the qualifications, term, election, and duties of the general assembly. Qualifications House Senate U.S. citizen
Ga resident for at least 2 years
District resident for at least 1 year
min. age: 21 &25 Terms and sessions 2 year unlimited terms A 40 day session to make and pass laws occurs the second Monday in January. Election Election for all seats are held on the first Tuesday of November on even numbered years. Duties Making, amending, repealing, and eliminating laws.
Passing the Georgia budget set by the governor. S8CG2b: Describe the organization of the General Assembly,, with emphasis on leadership and the committee system. Leadership The Georgia House of Representatives is run by the Speaker of the House, he is appointed by the house.
The Georgia State Senate is run by the lieutenant Governor, he is elected by the people of Georgia Committees The committees study bills and revise them before bringing the bill to their domain.
Some committees contain members of both domains, others are permanent and are called Standing committees. Speaker of the house lt. Governor David Ralston Casey Cagle S8CG2c: Evaluate how the legislative branch fulfills its role as the lawmaking body for the state of Georgia The legislative branch carries out their duties by holding the 40 day session in January. They make laws that will affect our state for the better. They will amend or eliminate a law that is not good for us. How a bill becomes a law SS8CG3: The students will analyze the role of the executive branch in Georgia State government. SS8CG3a: Explain the qualifications, term, election, and duties of the governor and lieutenant governor. Qualifications Governor Lt. Governor Citizen of the U.S. for at least 15 years
State resident for at least 6 years
Minimum age: 30 Terms Governor Lt. Governor 4 year terms
2 consecutive terms
unlimited terms Election Elected by the popular vote every 4 years. Duties Governor signs or veto's laws
calls special sessions of legislature
calls the national guard
calls and emergency vote to fill a vacant position Lt. Governor represents the state senate
assigns bills to committees
rules in place of the governor in case something happens Governor Nathan Deal Lt. Governor Casey Cagle SS8CG3b: Describe the organization of the executive branch, with emphasis on major policy areas of state programs, include education, human resources, public safety, transportation, economic development, and natural resources. SS8CG3c: Evaluate how the executive branch fulfills its role through state agencies that administer programs and enforce laws. The Executive branch fulfills their role by having officials that make the schools better, provide better transportation, create jobs, preserve parks, protect citizens, and promote tourism. We have police officers that enforce the laws and court systems to ensure broken laws do not go unseen. SS8CG4: The students will analyze the role of the Judicial branch in Georgia state government. SS8CG4a: Explain eh structure of the court system in Georgia including trail and appellate procedures and how judges are selected. Appellate A higher court where people appeal their conviction. Trail Any court that holds a trial. Judges Most judges are elected into office, but some are appointed by the Governor. SS8CG4b: Explain the difference between Civil law and Criminal law. Civil Relationships between people and property.
ex: Divorce and Adoption Criminal Regulates how people behave.
ex: Assault and Theft SS8CG4c: Describe the adult justice system, emphasizing the different jurisdictions, terminology, and steps in the criminal justice process. Police In charge of arresting the offenders
They must have probable cause or an arrest warrant
Courts Arrested person goes through a trial to be determined guilty or innocent
If guilty the suitable punishment will be made Corrections Most common types of correctional punishment are imprisonment or probation
Vary in severity depending on crime Terminology Probable cause- having sufficient evidence or witnesses to arrest someone
Arrest warrant-a warrant from the court with orders to arrest a person
First Appearance-Soon after the arrest when the defendant is notified of the charges in front a judge
Arraignment- when the defendant pleads guilty or not guilty Steps 1. Suspect is arrested.
2. Defendant is read his charges at first appearance shortly after arrest.
3. The grand jury reviews the case to ensure that there is enough evidence that a crime has occurred and was likely committed by the accused.
4. If the grand jury says there is he is charged with the crime.
5. After being charged the defendant goes before a judge for arraignment.
6. If he pleads not guilty the case goes to trial.
7. At trail the government lawyers attempt to prove him guilty while the defense lawyers try to prove the opposite.
8. Finally, if the defendant is found guilty, the judge gives him his punishment.
SS8CG4d: Describe ways to avoid trouble and settle disputes peacefully. Staying out of trouble Don't use drugs
Stay in school
Live a full life Settle disputes Peer mediation
SS8CG4e: Evaluate how the judicial branch fulfills its role in interpreting the laws of Georgia and insuring justice in our legal system. The Judicial system holds trails to convict guilty people of crimes and they make sure that the guilty party is punished properly. We have police that make sure that the town is behaving civilized. They fight local crimes and bring justice.