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Should Organ Donation Be Mandatory?

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by

Katie Bohannon

on 12 September 2014

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Transcript of Should Organ Donation Be Mandatory?

Works Cited
PROS
One organ donor can save up to eight lives. For the recipient, this means a second chance at life, and a healthier life as well.
The families of those who donate are often comforted in knowing that something good can come from tragedy, and part of their loved one still lives on.
Mandatory Organ Donation would eliminate much of the hectic nature of organ donation, in that there would be no need for donor registries, no need to train requestors, no need for stringent government regulation, and no need to consider paying for organs.
Supporters of Mandatory Organ Donation argue that the process would not be unconstitutional, due to the fact that after a person dies, he/she's corpse is no longer their own.
By Katie Bohannon
Should Organ Donation Be Mandatory?
What is Organ Donation?
Organ Donation
is the process of surgically removing an organ or tissue from one person (the donor) and placing it into another person (the recipient).
Mandatory Organ Donation
would consist of passing a law in which the government mandates organ donation from every person who passes away. In other words, unless a person chooses to opt out of the donation process, he or she is automatically an organ donor by law.
Waiting List vs. Transplants vs. Donors
Every day, 18 people die waiting for a transplant.

Every year, 6,570 people die waiting for a transplant in the US alone.
There would be a greater potential for successful procedures, and a greater amount of lives saved.
Organ donation is a complicated process that requires the donor and recipient to be a perfect match in order for the procedure to be successful. It is often difficult to find a person who is totally compatible with the patient. With Mandatory Organ Donation, the availability of organs for donation would increase, as would the potential for a match between donor and recipient.
There are currently over 100,000 patients awaiting transplants today, and every 10 minutes another name is added to that list. Those in need of transplants are far greater in number than the actual number of organs being donated.
PROS
Cons
Mandatory Organ Donation eliminates freedom of choice. People have the right to make their own decisions, including what happens to their body after they pass away. People are free to believe as they choose, and there are certain religions which prohibit organ donation. These people should not be forced to partake in something which goes against their faith if they choose not to, even after death.
It also calls for total government control, leading some to speculate it would open doors to the controlling of other areas in our daily lives as citizens. “If they can dictate whether or not you should be an organ donor, how much longer before they will be making the choices of where you can live, where you can work, go to church or school, who you can marry, what stores you can shop in and ultimately, how long should you be allowed to live, before your organs are no longer a viable option for harvesting!” ---Stewart Lindsey, blogger.
Cons
The cost would be astronomical. With the abundance of organs available for donation, a larger supply of storage, specialized surgical teams and medical equipment would be needed. The average organ donation can cost up to $500,000, and with the elimination of patient pay, the government is left to pick up the tab. Every day, the US government surges $328 billion in debt. The debt would only increase further with Mandatory Organ Donation.
If every person who passed away was potentially an organ donor, there would be an overload of organs harvested. Where would these organs be stored? After taken from the donor, organs only have a certain amount of time they are able to be kept viable. (Kidneys have 72 hours to be donated, matched with a patient, and transplanted.) With the multitude of people who die each day, it would be chaotic to try to examine each body for donation in such a short gap of time.
Deaths from various causes =
2,461,560

Deaths awaiting organ transplants
=
6,570
QUESTIONS
1.) What should the criteria be so that all patients awaiting transplants have an equal chance at receiving donated organs?
2.) What makes a person qualified to decide who lives and who dies? Should man even have that power at all?
3.) Do the opinions, beliefs, and decisions made by a person while they're alive matter after they're dead, even though he/she is not here to see the aftermath? Do their wishes die with them?
www.advancingyourhealth.org
www.organdonor.gov
www.debate.org
www.japantimes.co.jp
www.archive.wired.com
www.blog.timesunion.com
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