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Transcript of Thomas Edison
Born in Milan, Ohio
Innovations to Industry
The Professional Life of
Edison created over 1,000 different inventions.
Thomas Edison did not invent motion pictures, but he improved them.
The first great Thomas Edison invention, and his life-long favorite, was the phonograph which would record the spoken voice and play it back.
The sound vibration of the voice would cause a needle to create sound on a drum wrapped with tin foil.
Later, Edison would adopt cylinders and discs to permanently record music.
The first recorded message was of Thomas Edison speaking “Mary had a little lamb”, which greatly surprised Edison and his staff when they first heard it played back.
In 1911, Edison's companies were re-organized into Thomas A. Edison, Inc. As the organization became more diversified and structured, Edison became less involved in the day-to-day operations. He still had some decision-making authority.
The goals of the organization became more to maintain market viability than to produce new inventions frequently.
When Europe became involved in World War I, Edison advised preparedness, Edison spent much of his time doing naval research, in particular working on submarine detection.
In the 1920s, Edison's health became worse, and he began to spend more time at home with his wife.
For his last two years, a series of ailments caused his health to decline even more until he lapsed into a coma on October 14, 1931.Thomas Edison died of complications of diabetes. He died on October 18, 1931, at his estate, Glenmont, in West Orange, New Jersey.
Lived from 1847-1931
Spent most of his child hood in Port Huron, Michigan
A&E Networks Television. "Thomas Edison Biography." Bio.com. http://www.biography.com/people/thomas-edison-9284349#synopsis (accessed August 18, 2014).
Thomas Edison worked selling candy and newspapers on a train when he was just twelve years old.
At age 12, Thomas Edison went to railroads to conduct chemical experiments in a small laboratory he set up in a train car.
By age 15, Edison had learned enough to be employed as a telegraph operator.
At age 19, Edison worked for The Associated Press. Every chance he had, he would read and conduct experiments. Edison developed an unrestricted style of thinking and inquiry.
"Thomas Edison." Biography (Inventor). http://www.factmonster.com/biography/var/thomasedison.html (accessed August 22, 2014).
Thomas Edison by: Charles Johnson and Krista Cady
Thomas Edison attended public school for twelve weeks, his mother educated him the rest of his school years.
Edison got scarlet fever as a young boy leaving him almost deaf as a adult.
He would conduct chemical experiments while near the train tracks making him eager to know more about chemistry and science.
In his spare time, Edison would study and experiment with telegraph technology, and became familiar with electrical science.
"Thomas Edison Lightbulb." Thomas Edison Muckers RSS. http://www.edisonmuckers.org/thomas-edison-lightbulb/ (accessed August 25, 2014).
At 21 years old, Thomas Edison invented the Improved Stock Ticker. The Gold and Stock Telegraph Company was so impressed, they paid him $40,000 for the rights.
Born on February 11, 1847, in Milan, Ohio.
At age 12, Edison convinced his parents to let him sell newspapers and candy to passengers along the Grand Trunk Railroad line.
In 1866, at age 19, Edison moved to Louisville, Kentucky, working for The Associated Press.
At age 21, Edison would invent the Improved Stock Ticker
At first, only one person could watch a movie. With Edison inventing, movies could be seen by a whole audience through the projecting motion pictures.
Thomas Edison married Mary Stilwell Edison (she died on August 9, 1884)
Edison then remarried Mina Miller Edison
"Thomas Edison's biography :: Edison Invents! :: Smithsonian Lemelson Center." Thomas Edison's biography :: Edison Invents! :: Smithsonian Lemelson Center. http://invention.smithsonian.org/centerpieces/edison/000_story_02.asp (accessed August 27, 2014).
Thomas Edison had 6 children; Theodore Miller Edison, Charles Edison, Madeleine Edison, William Leslie Edison, Marion Estelle Edison, and Thomas Alva Edison Jr.
Thomas Edison developed many inventions, such as: the Telegraph, Phonograph, Electric Light Bulb, Alkaline Storage Batteries, and improved the Kinetograph.
Died October 18, 1931 in West Orange,
"Edison: The Life of Thomas A. Edison." Edison: The Life of Thomas A. Edison. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/edhtml/edbio.html (accessed August 26, 2014).
Thomas Edison’s Phonograph
Citations for pictures
Thomas Edison’s Light Bulb
Encyclopedia Britannica. "Edison, Thomas Alva." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/media/97124/Thomas-Alva-Edison-as-a-young-boy (accessed August 28, 2014).
"Edison Biography." Edison Biography. http://www.thomasedison.com/biography.html (accessed August 28, 2014).
Thomas Edison is most well known for his invention of the light bulb.
By creating a vacuum inside the bulb, finding the right filament to use, and running lower voltage through the bulb, Edison was able to achieve a light bulb that lasted for many hours.
This was a substantial improvement, and one that led with more improvements, to making the light bulb practical and economical.
Edison later invented the entire electric utility system so he could power all those light bulbs, motors and other appliances that soon followed.
"Thomas Edison: The Man Who Lit The World... Life & Lessons - One Life Success." One Life Success. http://www.onelifesuccess.net/thomas-edison-the-man-who-lit-the-world-life-lessons/ (accessed August 28, 2014).
"Thomas Edison's Creative Thinking Habits - Think Jar Collective." Think Jar Collective. http://thinkjarcollective.com/tools/thomas-edisons-creative-thinking-habits/ (accessed August 28, 2014).
Thomas Edison’s Motion Picture
A battery-operated lamp allowed the film to be illuminated.
Edison and his staff filmed short movies for later viewing with his peep hole Kinetoscopes (1894).
One-person at a time could view the movies via the Kinetoscope. Each Kinetoscope was about 4 feet tall, 20 inches square, and had a peep hole magnifier that allowed the patron to view 50 feet of film in about 20 seconds.