Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


The Efficacy of Counting Steps

Lit Review

on 7 August 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of The Efficacy of Counting Steps

Comparison of Activity Trackers

Alyssa Ferry
Research and Findings on Counting Steps
Effect of rewards, peer modeling, and pedometer targets
Support of counting steps

The use of pedometers has succeeded in increasing physical activity in children who have lower physical activity levels and decreased their sedentary levels.

Children who have higher step counts maintained a healthier weight than their peers with lower step counts.

Walking benefits children physically and psychologically, boosting their self esteem.

Children with normal weight performed significantly more steps per day compared to their overweight and obese classmates.
Numbers (n) and daily steps counts according to prevalence of overweight and obesity according to the international BMI cut-off points for boys and girls.
An experiment was conducted with three different testing groups:

Group 1
: full intervention- peer modeling materials, pedometer, and rewards such as balls, frisbees, and erasers
Group 2
: no rewards intervention- peer modeling materials, pedometer, and no rewards
Group 3
: control- just pedometer (Hardman, Horne, & Lowe, 2011).

During intervention:
Full intervention group showed largest increase in physical activity (+2456 steps per day).
No rewards group showed a smaller increase in physical activity (+1033 steps per day).
There was no change in the control group.

After 14 week phase:
Full intervention returned to baseline
No rewards continued to increase +2030 steps per day
Peer modeling and pedometer goals (no rewards group) produced better effects in the long run (Hardman, Horne, & Lowe, 2011).
Pedometer use with group counseling showed the greatest impact to increase daily number of steps in a workplace.

While the pedometer-based strategy and group counseling increased the total number of steps, it did not change body weight or waist circumference. Aerobic training is more effective for weight loss (Ribeiro, Martins, & Carvalho, 2013).
(Michalopoulou, Gourgoulis, Kourtessis, Kambas, Dimitrou, & Gretziou, 2011)
Foley, J., Lieberman, L., & Wood, B. (2008, December). Teaching strategies with pedometers for all children.. Retrieved from http://web.b.ebscohost.com.proxy2.library.illinois.edu/ehost/detail?vid=6&sid=96f11f9c-6fb8-45f2-b3a6-b7843a1ef041@sessionmgr113&hid=120&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ==
Hardman, C., Horne, P., & Lowe, F. (2011, January). Effects of rewards, peer-modelling and pedometer targets on children. Retrieved from http://web.b.ebscohost.com.proxy2.library.illinois.edu/chc/detail?sid=f4a2e781-6ece-4e69-96d3-886e86f6b634@sessionmgr110&vid=1&hid=120&bdata=JnNpdGU9Y2hjLWxpdmU=
Michalopoulou, M., Gourgoulis, V., Kourtessis, T., Kambas, A., Dimitrou, M., & Gretziou, H. (2011, March ). Step counts and body mass index among 9-14 years old greek schoolchildren. Retrieved from http://web.b.ebscohost.com.proxy2.library.illinois.edu/ehost/detail?vid=4&sid=96f11f9c-6fb8-45f2-b3a6-b7843a1ef041@sessionmgr113&hid=120&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ==
Ribiero, M., Martins, M., & Carvalho, C. (2014, May). Interventions to increase physical activity in middle-age women at the workplace: A randomized controlled trial. Retrieved from http://web.b.ebscohost.com.proxy2.library.illinois.edu/ehost/detail?vid=10&sid=96f11f9c-6fb8-45f2-b3a6-b7843a1ef041@sessionmgr113&hid=120&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ==
What are
different ways to track your steps?
An activity tracker is...

a device that monitors fitness-related metrics such as distance walked, number of steps, and in some cases quality of sleep, and the amount of calories consumed. This information is then synced to your computer or mobile device.
A pedometer is...

a (usually) portable or electronic low-cost device that counts each step a person takes by detecting the motion of the person's hips
An accelerometer is...

a device that measures force using the properties of microelectromechanical engineering and a special formula to find your number of steps. This means it's more reliable than a pedometer.
Benefits of Counting
Your Steps

10,000 steps...
reduces blood pressure
improves cardiovascular fitness
improves bone density
reduces cholesterol levels
lowers the risk of type 2 diabetes

Numbers (n) and steps per day for both boys and girls presented in age groups. Data are means (SD±)
(Michalopoulou, Gourgoulis, Kourtessis, Kambas, Dimitrou, & Gretziou, 2011)
Why focus on more steps?
Do Activity
Trackers Work?
Fitbit Flex
Jawbone UP24
Jawbone UP
Polar Loop
Nike Fit Fuel
While there are benefits to walking 10,000 steps per day, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommends 150 minutes of moderate activity per week.
The average American man walks 7,200 steps per day
The average American woman walks 5,200 steps per day
Counting steps and children
Counting steps and children
Counting steps and the workplace
Full transcript