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Congaree National Park

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Paola Diaz

on 2 December 2014

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Transcript of Congaree National Park

Congaree National Park
Food Web / Flow of Energy
The Congaree National Park is part of the Deciduous Forest Biome.
Levels of Organization
North American River Otter:

Paola Diaz
Human Impact
*Deciduous Forest -
Temperature : -10 to 25 degrees Celsius
Precipitation: 75 to 125 cm
Soil: fertile

What makes up the ecosystem in the picture?
The heron, otter, pig, rock, air, and water make up the ecosystem in my picture.
What makes up the community in this picture?
*Community: an interacting group of various species in a common location (Encyclopedia Britannica)
The heron, pig, and otter make up the community in the picture I chose.
What makes up a population in this picture?
*Population: A population is a group of living organisms of the same kind living in the same place at the same time (Learn)
I only used one otter in my picture, but in reality there are dozens, hundreds in the Congaree National Park. The otters make up the community because they are the same species that are living in the same place.
*River otters have clawed, webbed feet that are helpful to them both on land and on water. This benefits the otters because the Congaree National Park has both water sources and land.
*Otters have two different types of fur. They have an outer coat of guard hairs that protect the inner coat, which are short, dense waterproof hairs.
*Their fur color is a deep brown on the back and a light brown on their stomach/chest side. This allows the-
m to not be seen under the meerky waters, by the
fish they eat.
(North American River Otters)
Bald Cypress Tree:
*One of the bald cypress trees' adaptations is to adapt to the inundation of water by having roots that can be seen above the ground level. This is known as "cypress knees."
(Pond Cypress vs. Bald Cypress)
*Bald Cypress trees typically grow up to 70 to 130 feet tall this is very similar to the first adaptations I gave. This adaptation helps to the fact that whenever there may be an increase in the amount of rainfall during the year, it would lead to a higher level of water, the Bald Cypress trees wouldn't be affected rather than if they were shorter trees in which fact they would be damaged.
*Bald Cypress trees have something called "buttresses." Buttresses are the base of the bald cypress trees that triangle out. This helps with the stability of the tree during flood seasons, or any water related cause.
(Bald Cypress Tree Adaptations)

(Congaree National Park)
(Rambling Hemlock: Congaree National Park)
Cardinal Flower
Wild Grape Vines
Boletaceae Fungi
Sweet Gum
Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Red-cockaded Woodpecker
Mangrove Tree Crab
Dragonfly Nymph
White-tailed Deer
Ring-tailed Raccoon
Beetle Larva

Food Web/Flow of Energy cont.
Wild Grape Vines
Ring-tailed Raccoon
Food Web/Flow of Energy cont.
Cardinal Flower Wild Grape Vines Sweet Gum Boletaceae Fungi
Ruby-throated Hummingbird Red-cockaded Woodpecker Beetle
Beetle Larva White-tailed Deer
Ring-tailed Raccoon Mangrove Crab
1,000,000 kcal
of energy
100,000 kcal
of energy
10,000 kcal of
1,000 kcal
of energy
**Mutualism** The Dragonfly Nymph and the Cardinal Flower have a mutualism symbiotic relationship. This is because the Cardinal Flower produces pollen and the Dragonfly Nymph pollinates flowers.
**Predation** The Mangrove Crab and the Boletaceae Fungi have a predatory relationship. This is because the Mangrove Crab benefits by eating the Boletaceae Fungi.
**Predation** The Ring-tailed Raccoon and the Eastern Mud Turtle have a predatory relationship. This is because the Ring-tailed Raccoon eats the Eastern Mud Turtle.
*Chemicals in Congaree water sources: There are reports of chemicals such as: birth control medicines, drugs to control diabetes, etc. have been found in the waters of the Congaree National Park. It is believed that this occurs because of a sewage flood or nearby farm runoff. These chemicals affect the fish and other animals that preside in these waters. An example of one is that the drug ethynylesradiol, birth control, has been proven to cause male fish to develop female characteristics. Being that the water is contaminated, it could affect the growth of plants that root from underwater.
*Littering: Many visitors at the Congaree National Park bring with them food containers, bottled water, paper towels, and other materials that would have to be dispensed in a trash can. Many of these people decide to do the wrong thing and they throw them out anywhere except for the trash bins. This can harm the animals in the water and on land. A fish could mistake a plastic bag as food and eat it and possibly choke.
*Highway Project: There were plans to rebuild a old bridge over the Congaree River and make it easier for recreational access. The chemicals could affect the animals when they breathe it in or eat something that could have been contaminated, like the plants.
(A Highway Project in Congaree National Park Sparks Legal Challenges)
(Chemicals and medicines tainting Congaree National Park waters)
(Congaree National Park)
"Bald Cypress Tree Adaptations."
YouTube. Web. 26 Nov. 2014. <

Congaree National Park.
Web. 26 Nov. 2014. <http://caelicongareenationalpark.weebly.com/biomes.html>.

"Congaree National Park Bald Cypress | Saint Mary's College."
Congaree National Park Bald Cypress | Saint Mary's College.
Web. 26 Nov. 2014. <http://www.stmarys-

"Congaree National Park - National Geographic."
National Geographic.
Web. 26 Nov. 2014. <http://travel.nationalgeographic.com/travel/national-parks/congaree-

"Critter Catalog."
. Web. 26 Nov. 2014.

"Latest Local Breaking News by The State Newspaper in Columbia, SC | The State."
Latest Local Breaking News by The State Newspaper in Columbia, SC | The State.
Web. 26
Nov. 2014. <http://www.thestate.com/2014/10/25/3768568/exclusive-sewage-chemicals-flowing.html>.

"Mangrove Tree Crab."
Mangrove Tree Crab.
Web. 26 Nov. 2014. <http://www.sms.si.edu/irlspec/Aratus_pisoni.htm>.

"North American River Otters, North American River Otter Pictures, North American River Otter Facts - National Geographic."
National Geographic.
Web. 26 Nov. 2014.

"Ober Gatlinburg Ski Area & Amusement Park."
River Otters.
Web. 26 Nov. 2014. <http://www.obergatlinburg.com/activities/wildlife-encounter/river-otters/>.

"Pond Cypress Vs. Bald Cypress."
EHow. Demand Media
, 16 Mar. 2011. Web. 26 Nov. 2014. <http://www.ehow.com/info_8067310_pond-cypress-vs-bald-cypress.html>.

"Raccoons, Raccoon Pictures, Raccoon Facts - National Geographic."
National Geographic.
Web. 26 Nov. 2014. <http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/

"Red-cockaded Woodpecker - Carolina Sandhills - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service."
Red-cockaded Woodpecker - Carolina Sandhills - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Web. 26
Nov. 2014. <http://www.fws.gov/refuge/Carolina_Sandhills/wildlife_and_habitat/woodpecker.html>.

"Threats to the Parks."
Commentary, News and Life in America's National Parks.
Web. 26 Nov. 2014. <http://www.nationalparkstraveler.com/article-category/threats-parks>.

"Wilderness.net - Congaree National Park Wilderness - General Information."
Web. 26 Nov. 2014. <http://www.wilderness.net/NWPS/wildView?

Web. 26 Nov. 2014. <https://www.carolinabirdclub.org/chat/issues/2005/v69n1congaree.pdf>.

Web. 26 Nov. 2014. <http://www.nps.gov/media/photo/gallery.htm?id=38711225-1DD8-B71C-0725D4F1F7C690F0>.

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