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Important people of the Civil War

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claire schmalzried

on 20 March 2014

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Transcript of Important people of the Civil War

Important People of the Civil War
Abraham Lincoln v.s Jefferson Davis
Ulysses S. Grant v.s Robert E. Lee
William Tecumseh Sherman
" Stonewall"Jackson
Philip Bazaar
William Carney
William Harvey Carney was an African American soldier during the American Civil War. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions during the Battle of Fort Wagner. Ironically, he was not awarded the Medal of Honor for nearly 37 years after the action and thus became the last African-American to be awarded the Medal for Civil War service.
Seaman Philip Bazaar, born in Chile, South America, was a Navy seaman who was awarded the Medal of Honor for having distinguished himself during the battle for Fort Fisher of the American Civil War.
George B. McClellan
Ambrose Burnside
Joseph Hooker
George G. Meade
Replaced McClellan in November 1862.
Burnside lost the battle of Fredericksburg and 13,000 men that December.
Got the army stuck in the mud that January.
Burnside offered to resign. Lincoln accepted his resignation
Cool fact: Ambrose set the style for ridiculous facial hair that lasted through the war
Replaced Hooker June 28, 1863 Halted Lee @ Gettysburg on July 1 but failed to pursue. Meade remained the head of the army of the Potomac. Lincoln put Grant in charge of all Union armies. After that no command changes were made.
Replaced Burnside with a warning from Lincoln. He restored over-all spirits, but in May 1863 he lost the battle of Chancellorsville.When Lee headed toward Pennsylvania, Hooker asked for more troops. Lincoln said no and removed him from office.
Reorganized and trained the army of the Potomac. McClellan's invasion of Virginia failed because he refused to attack Richmond. When given the chance to defeat the Confederates after Antietam he let them get away. He was removed from office
Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson was a Confederate general during the American Civil War, and one of the best-known Confederate commanders after General Robert E. Lee. His military career includes the Valley Campaign of 1862 and his service as a corps commander in the Army of Northern Virginia under Robert E. Lee. Confederate scouts accidentally shot him at the Battle of Chancellorsville in May 1863. The general survived with the amputation of an arm, but died of complications from pneumonia eight days later. His death was a severe setback for the Confederacy, affecting not only its military prospects, but also the morale of its army and its people. Jackson in death became an icon of Southern heroism and commitment.
Jefferson Davis was a United States soldier and statesman, and was the President of the Confederate States of America during the entire Civil War He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point and fought in the Mexican–American War as the colonel of a volunteer regiment. He served as the United States Secretary of War under Democratic President Franklin Pierce, and as a Democratic U.S. senator from Mississippi. His plantation in Mississippi depended on slave labor, like many Southern plantations. As a senator, he argued against secession, but did agree that each state was sovereign and had an unquestionable right to secede from the Union.
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. Lincoln led the United States through its Civil War—its bloodiest war and its greatest moral, constitutional and political crisis. In so doing he preserved the Union, abolished slavery, strengthened the national government and modernized the economy.
An exceptionally astute politician deeply involved with power issues in each state, his Gettysburg Address of 1863 became an iconic statement of America's dedication to the principles of nationalism, republicanism, equal rights, liberty, and democracy.
Perhaps the originator and the first practitioner of what the twentieth century came to know as “total war," in 1864 William Tecumseh Sherman commanded the Union armies of the West in the decisive drive from Chattanooga to Atlanta and the famous “march to the sea” across Georgia to the port of Savannah. In these campaigns and his later push northward from Savannah through the Carolina's, Sherman’s troops carried the war to the Southern home front and blazed a wide path of destruction that delivered the death blow to the Confederacy’s will and ability to fight. For the accompanying destruction, his name is still cursed in some parts of the South; but he is also recognized as a great strategist, a forceful leader, and–together with Ulysses Grant –the ablest Union general of the war.
His military career had not always been so outstanding; as commanding general of the Department of the Cumberland, (Kentucky, West Virginia, Tennessee)1861-1862, he feuded with the press, displayed emotional problems, and faced accusations of insanity. Only after this ordeal did he begin his long and fruitful association with Ulysses S. Grant.
Ulysses S. Grant was the most successful Union general during the American Civil War. Ulysses S. Grant began his military career as a cadet having enrolled in the West Point military academy at the age of 17. After graduating from West Point Grant went on to serve with distinction in the Mexican-American War. After the war Grant served at various posts throughout the country and retired from military service due to heavy drinking in 1854. Grant became famous around the nation after capturing Fort Donelson in February 1862 and was promoted to Major General by President Abraham Lincoln. After a series of decisive yet costly victories at Shiloh, Vicksburg and Chattanooga
Grant was promoted to Lieutenant General by President Lincoln in 1864 and given charge of all the Union Armies. Some historians have viewed Grant as a "butcher" who in 1864 used attrition without regard to the lives of his own soldiers in order to kill off the enemy which could no longer replenish its losses. Throughout the Civil War Grant's armies suffered approximately 154,000 casualties, while having inflicted 191,000 casualties on the Confederate armies. In terms of success, Grant was the only general during the Civil War who received the surrender of three Confederate armies. Grant has been praised by historians for his "military genius", and viewed as a decisive general who emphasized movement and logistics.
Robert Edward Lee was an American career military officer who is best known for having commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War. When Virginia declared its secession from the Union in April 1861, Lee chose to follow his home state, despite his personal desire for the country to remain intact and despite the fact that President Abraham Lincoln had offered Lee command of a Union Army. During the Civil War, he soon emerged as a shrewd tactician and battlefield commander, winning numerous battles against far superior Union armies. His abilities as a tactician have been praised by many military historians. Union General Ulysses S. Grant's campaigns bore down on the Confederacy in 1864 and 1865, and despite inflicting heavy casualties, Lee was unable to turn the tide of the war. Lee rejected the proposal of a sustained insurgency against the North and called for reconciliation between the two sides.
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