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Copy of Indus Valley Civilization

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Bilal RixVi

on 11 February 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Indus Valley Civilization

CLASS VI HOUSES AND POTTERY INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION Jewelry making in the Indus Valley dates back to the Neolithic-age Mehrgarh culture (7000—5500 BC), and Late Harappan (aka "Cemetery H") age, which predates the iron-age development of metal-casting and metal working. The Indus Valley region, which encompasses Persia and the Indian sub-continent, was the home to the Indus-Sarasvati civilizations (Aryan,Harappa and Vedic peoples) which were the largest (both population and geography) of the major ancient civilizations from Egypt, Mesopotamia, South Asia and China. The Sarasvati was a river praised in the Rig-Veda (a collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns), running the length of the Indus Valley, from Punjab to the Arabian Sea. Jewellery Jewellery One of the most prevalently found artifacts from the Indus Valley civilization (also known as the Harrappa peoples) is it's beautiful jewelry.
The Indus Valley civilization itself, for those that do not know, was a merchant oriented civilization that sprang up in Pakistan and India on the borders of the Arabic sea. It's cities are numerous and more discovered continually, but mainly between the Indus river (modern name Sindhu) and the ancient river of Sarasvati that has since dried up. It takes it's "Harrappa" name from one of these cities in modern day Pakistan. They were great fishermen, and also traded their finely made goods to Mesopotamia and elsewhere. I personally consider them to be one of the "artisan civilizations" for their keen appreciation for well made goods. A fitting peoples to be honored in this group! Artifacts Sir John Marshall is known to have reacted with surprise when he saw the famous Indus bronze statuette of a slender-limbed dancing girl in Mohenjo-Daro:
… When I first saw them I found it difficult to believe that they were prehistoric; they seemed to completely upset all established ideas about early art, and culture. Modeling such as this was unknown in the ancient world up to the Hellenistic age of Greece, and I thought, therefore, that some mistake must surely have been made; that these figures had found their way into levels some 3000 years older than those to which they properly belonged. … Now, in these statuettes, it is just this anatomical truth which is so startling; that makes us wonder whether, in this all-important matter, Greek artistry could possibly have been anticipated by the sculptors of a far-off age on the banks of the Indus. Artifacts Various sculptures, seals, pottery, gold jewelry, and anatomically detailed figurines in terracotta, bronze, and steatite have been found at excavation sites.
A number of gold, terra-cotta and stone figurines of girls in dancing poses reveal the presence of some dance form. Also, these terra-cotta figurines included cows, bears, monkeys, and dogs. The animal depicted on a majority of seals at sites of the mature period has not been clearly identified. Part bull, part zebra, with a majestic horn, it has been a source of speculation. As yet, there is insufficient evidence to substantiate claims that the image had religious or cultic significance, but the prevalence of the image raises the question of whether or not the animals in images of the IVC are religious symbols. Artifacts and Jewllery of indus valley civilization The houses were usually made up of bricks and blocks and there was not so good water supply and the washrooms was not made properly. This is a house of indus valley civillization During the 1980’s, while the construction of railway line was going on, French archaeologists have found this place. They excavated it further to discover systematic housing colonies built by mud of the Mehargarh people. Further excavation leaded to discovery of their amazing irrigation and drainage system. Unearthed ornaments, plates and dishes, drinking glasses, tools made up stones, painted bowls and jars further established the facts about their prosperity and development. Culture Dresses of Indus people consisted of two piece cloth:upper one and lower one.They were made of cotton fibres. Ornaments were made of copper bronze and other metals which were worn by rich people but poor people wore ornaments made up of bone,shell,and stone. Even we come to know that in that days also Economic status of the people had an effect on their external appeaarence or outlook. Clothes and Jewellery The Indus Valley Civilization  was a Bronze Age civilization (3300–1300 BCE; mature period 2600–1900 BCE) that was located in the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent,consisting of what is now mainly present-day Pakistan and northwest India. Flourishing around the Indus River basin, the civilization extended east into the Ghaggar-Hakra River valley and the upper reaches Ganges-Yamuna Doab; it extended west to theMakran coast of Balochistan, north to northeastern Afghanistan and south to Daimabad inMaharashtra. The civilization was spread over some 1,260,000 km², making it the largest ancient civilization. How it Began clothes ornaments Pictures of their ornaments and clothes! The Indus people sowed seeds in the ground.
Grew wheat, barley, rai, peas, mustard,r ice and cotton.
Produced sufficient to feed themselves.
Food grains were stored in granaries.
Some food was sold out to different cities for the purpose of trade.The Indus people sowed seeds in the ground.
Grew wheat, barley, rai, peas, mustard,r ice and cotton.
Produced sufficient to feed themselves.
Food grains were stored in granaries.
Some food was sold out to different cities for the purpose of trade. Agriculture They wore the jewellery that was made out of beads and clay.
Their homes were made out of clay.
Ornaments were made of copper bronze and other metals which were worn by rich people but poor people wore ornaments made up of bones,shells,and stones. The clothes worn by them were of simple hand made material. Lifestyle The Indus Valley civilization was located in north western region of the Indian subcontinent, consisting of what is now mainly present-day Pakistan and northwest India ,flourishing around the Indus River basin, the civilization extended east into the Ghaggar-Hakra River valley and the upper reaches Ganges-Yamuna Doab; it extended west to the Makran coast of Balochistan, north to northeastern Afghanistan and south to Daimabad in Maharashtra. The civilization was spread over some 1,260,000 km², making it the largest ancient civilization. Introduction Life Style
&
Agriculture Indus Valley Civilization Pictures They wore the jewellery that was made out of beads and clay.
Their homes were made out of clay.
Ornaments were made of copper bronze and other metals which were worn by rich people but poor people wore ornaments made up of bones,shells,and stones. The clothes worn by them were of simple hand made material. Lifestyle Life Style
&
Agriculture Indus Valley Civilization Pictures Animals tamed and used as their transport People were hard working making pottery of clay and mud Reasons of downfall of Indus valley Civilization Aryan invasion.
Natural disasters such as earthquake,flood,
famine and drought
etc.
Over population.
Dangerous disease
might have killed the
people.
Holy Bath This is the well outside
the houses of the people.
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