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Leadership: When We Were Soldiers

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Christine Jacobs

on 4 June 2013

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Transcript of Leadership: When We Were Soldiers

Presentation Objectives:

1). Explain leadership traits/styles in the movie
2).Identify relevant connections to ISSL & McREL
3). Discuss potential outcomes of leadership styles and behaviors if used
4). Answer any questions Background Information: SETTING of the MOVIE: Captures the first part of a two-part battle (Nov. 14-18, 1965) involving the United States army and the Vietnamese. The first battle is known as the Battle of la Drang, located in South Vietnam.

U.S. Army Lieutenant General, Harold G. Moore (Mel Gibson)
News reporter, Joseph L. Galloway (Barry Pepper)
Mrs. Moore (Madeleine Stowe)
2nd Lieutenant, Jack Geoghegan (Chris Klein) Leadership Styles of
Army Lieutenant General Moore Leadership Styles & Traits of Joe Galloway Leadership Styles & Traits
of Mrs. Moore June 3, 2013
By: Christine & Jamie RESULTS & SUMMARY: This battle can be seen as a "blueprint" for tactics by both sides. (Bolman & Deal)

The Americans used air mobility, artillery fire and close air support to accomplish battlefield objectives.

The NVA and Viet Cong forces learned they could neutralize that firepower by quickly engaging American forces at very close range.

Even though the United States Army was clearly outnumbered in this war, the story of courage and some good leadership prevails. A Sneak Peak... As the trailer plays can you identify any leadership traits/styles? Take 1-2 minutes to jot these down and then turn to your neighbor or "today's meet" to share... Authoritarian Leadership- Moore keeps direct supervision over his battalion, and he shows up early for deployment
Paternalistic Leadership- Moore establishes a family-type of environment with his troops and loyalty and trust is built, when he tells them he will be the first one to step on the battlefield and the last one to step off!
Democratic Leadership- Moore is sensitive to the feelings of others and acts fairly and calmly and he tells his troops that they should remain calm and they can do it.
Transformational Leadership- Moore inspires his troop to understand their purpose and is an effective communicator/encourager. Moore exhibits a high level of energy when he delivers his speeches and he is willing to take risks, while being intellectually stimulated. A part of the movie shows him studying a book and thinking things out. Leadership Styles
& Traits
of Jake Geoghegan Leadership styles
and traits of
Jack Geoghegan (Chris Klein) Leadership styles
and traits of
Barbara Geoghegan Political Frame: Mapping things out and identifying power players is key... General Moore makes the connections necessary with 2nd Lieutenant, Jack Geoghegan (Chris Klein) so that the organization has effective dynamics. Human Resource Frame (Like a family environment): General Moore treated all of his soldiers with respect. In the movie he speaks with a high level of energy and is compassionate about serving his country, stating that "I check up on everything. I am available day or night to talk to any officer of this battalion." Structural Frame (Standards and productivity): Moore had policies and expectations that were enforced. He stated, "Only first-place trophies will be displayed, accepted or presented in this battalion. Second place in our line of work is defeat of the unit on the battlefield, and death for the individual in combat." Symbolic Frame (Cultural beliefs and behaviors): Moore cultivated hope & loyalty when he saw men men from another company beginning to haul one of his dead soldiers out of a foxhole with a harness. He snapped, "No you won't do that. You will show respect. Get two more men and carry him to the landing zone." Bohlman & Deal's 4 Frames of Leadership: What characteristics should General Moore have to be an effective leader? ISSL Connections... This movie identifies General Moore has a leader whom has high expectations. He is very visible on the battlefield and he acts as a steward of his battalion and supports his troops with his shared vision. (ISSL #1, Vision)

Moore is approachable and promotes collaboration. He allows Joe Galloway (news reporter) to join his troop, and articulate the desired troop culture throughout the battle. (ISSL #2, Culture of Learning)

Moore communicates well- he knows when to be serious, when to add humor, and the choice of words to say to his troops so they will perform to their fullest! He manages time and resources well. Each soldier knows exactly what to do and they don't come bugging him with questions. (ISSL #3, Management) Iowa Standards for School Leaders ISSL Connections... Iowa Standards for School Leaders This movie has great connections of collaboration with families and community members. In fact, Mrs. Moore actually takes the deployed spouses under her wing. She serves almost like a Navy Ombudsman. General Moore's spouse shows leadership qualities by being an encourager, and emotional supporter when handing out telegrams to the wives of the deceased soldiers in the movie. She attends meetings and offers much support as needed, yet engages and welcomes others (ISSL #4, Family and Community).

Moore instills ethical values, beliefs, and attitudes when he talks individually to his soldiers and when he talks to them as a group during one of his speeches in the movie. (ISSL #5, Ethics)

Moore collaborates with the U.S. Army decision-makers to keep them apprised of the latest happenings during the battle. He advocates for the welfare of all of his soldiers. (ISSL #6, Societal Context)

I feel General Moore constantly asked himself what is best for his soldiers throughout the movie. This is what good leaders do, even in the educational setting! McREL Leadership Connections... School Leadership That Works: From Research to Results, by Robert Marzano, Timothy Waters and Brian McNulty (2005). Research from Marzano, et al, in School Leadership That Works, indicate 21 responsibilities of school leaders. Many of these are applicable in this movie. Take 2 minutes to list as many of them as you can think of... Then, let's share what we can recall.
Hints: 1A, 4C,1D, 2F, 4I, 1K, 1M, 3O, 2R, 1S, 1V I will explain which of the 21 responsibilities are most visible in "We Were Soliders". (Reframing the Path to School Leadership, Bolman and Deal, 2010 p. 35.) Journalist Joseph Galloway was the only civilian
awarded the Bronze Star Medal for valor during the Vietnam war when he repeatedly disregarded his own safety to rescue wounded soldiers.

Lead by example leadership style
(Always put your people first...) Jack wore pink beads knowing
that his wife had a baby back
home. He was a secondary
leader to Moore. He showed humanistic
leadership traits in the movie,
including praying with General
Moore. (at right) Mrs. Moore displayed good leadership traits by
leading other military spouses during the
Vietnam War. She delivered telegrams and attended many funerals of the deceased. She also was perceived as a strong parent taking care of five children. Transformational leadership seems to be his strongest area since he is perceived in the movie as determined, compassionate, adds humor, praises, congratulates and motivates his troop when necessary. Check Point:

Can you recall Bolman and Deals 4 Frames of Leadership? Write down any that you can think. Do you think any or all may be visible in this movie? On the contrary...Results & Summary cont. Why did so many American troops become casualties? --- SOME believe there are several reasons.
a) The US troops were trained for large set battles against large force units in open area warfare. They were not trained for battles against small force units using hit and run guerrilla tactics in jungles, rice paddies and rubber plantations.
b) The US troops were fighting against local people with local knowledge of the area whereas the US troops did not know the areas they were fighting in.
c) The US troops were mostly "draftees" who mostly did not want to be in Indochina. They were poorly trained and poorly led. They were fighting against local people who had a reason to fight, the idea of "freedom and independence" and the wish to overthrow a corrupt military dictatorship installed illegally by the US government in 1954. Final Outcomes...If a principal were to follow
these leadership tactics presented in this film. What do you think?
Does Moore do enough?

Are there any questions or comments? http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20121216145512AAvj8D0 Leadership Film:
" We Were Soldiers"
Full transcript