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THE EPIC WWII PREZI

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Anthony B

on 1 November 2016

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Transcript of THE EPIC WWII PREZI

The Epic WWII Prezi
Citizens and Citizenesses of the Soviet Union! Today, at four o'clock in the morning, without addressing any grievances to the Soviet Union, without declaration of war, German forces fell on our country, attacked our frontiers in many places and bombed our cities...an act of treachery unprecedented in the history of civilized nations...The Red Army and the whole nation will wage a victorious Patriotic War for our beloved country, for honour, for liberty...Our cause is just. The enemy will be beaten. Victory will be ours.
Background

temporary tactical maneuver
WHY?
Soviet Union represented the center of everything Hitler hated.
Soviet resistance stiffened, knocking the Germans off of their unrealistic timetable
The German army was exhausted.
Planners had failed to equip their troops for winter.
Major defeat for Nazi Germany and Hitler!
Soviet Union
Vast land
Rich in food supply and oil
The Empire of Japan invades Manchuria in 1931.
Justified?
A unifying tactic?
Pan-Asianism - the Asian people needed to be free from American influence.
As a result the US responds by
Imposing economic sanctions
oil embargo (will not trade oil)
Japanese Options:
1 - Give into demands, withdraw from invaded land
2 - Go to war
Decision - WAR
Emperor Hirohito
P.M. Tojo
December 7, 1941

"Day of Infamy"
The end of ISOLATIONISM

United States enters WWII
The Battle of
the Atlantic

With the fall of France, Germany was able to set up submarine bases in western France, giving them short range access to Atlantic sea lanes.
German U-Boat Bases
The Mid-Atlantic Gap
1940-1943
The Wolf-Pack
Designed by Admiral Karl Donitz
Submarines "hunting in groups" attacking ships on the surface at night.
Plan to starve Britain, by sinking 750,000 tons of supplies per month.
worked very well at the start of WWII.
The Convoy System
larger convoys so more ships would survive
improvement in anti-submarine technology
e.g. the Squid Depth Charge Launcher and the Hedgehog (24 mortar bombs)
Aircraft Carriers with airplane cover
Aircraft protected Zone
Aircraft Protected Zone
The Size of the Invasion Force
3,000,000 + (mostly German)
Spanned from the Baltic Sea in the North, to the Back sea in the South
Early Success
Germany achieved tactical surprise.
Soviet air force was destroyed
Soviet Armies initially overwhelmed.
Soviet Soldiers being taken Prisoners of War
Soviets crossing the Volga river to enter Stalingrad meet the Luftwaffe
Soveits defend the city of Stalingrad - some forced to run into battle without waepons.
Coming to an End
Despite predictions and losses, the Soviets do not collapse, as anticipated by Germany
Soviets launch Operation Uranus.
Counter Attack
Circle the Nazi force
Cut them from their supply
Unprepared
"The Black Pit"
D-Day and the Invasion of Normandy
NORMANDY
War in the Pacific
1935
1943
Albert Einstein
Canada, the US, and Britain played a role in the development of the first nuclear bomb.
Legend
Axis Attack
Allied Attack
Stalingrad
Operation Barbarossa
REVIEW
Dieppe
August 19, 1942
"I landed on the gravel and ran up the beach. The noise was indescribable; rifle fire, machine gun fire from both sides, and shells being lobbed over ...I also remember seeing, like a heavy rain on a mill pond, the bullets splashing the water. And it was blood red. And bodies floating around... Our buddies were being killed..."

- Al Comfort, Corporal, Royal Hamilton Light Infantry
5,000 troops take part

2,000 captured
1,000 killed
Telegrams came home across Canada
The dead were buried and honoured at the Canadian War Cemetery
Lieutenant-Colonel Cecil Merritt bravely commanded a rearguard, which allowed some troops to escape.
Reverend John Weir Foote was the first of the Canadian Chaplain Services to be awarded the Victoria Cross. He saved many lives, he risked his life to intense fire for eight hours to aid the injured soldiers and he courageously let himself be taken by the Germans as a prisoner to minister his fellow Canadians who were also POWs.
Acts of Bravery
Controversial
Was the Dieppe Raid was a failure or success?
Valuable lessons vs. waste of time and lives.
"... Dieppe raid I was all against. I couldn't see that any lessons could be learned which couldn't be learned from the study of past experience... or that it might gain any experience which was really worthwhile, which you couldn't foresee..."
- General George Pearkes, V.C., First Canadian Division, 1942
"The raid (Dieppe), carried out by a strong force of Canadians, Had resulted in a high percentage of losses. From it we learned a number of lessons that we later applied to our advantage, but the price paid by the Canadians still ranked."
-Dwight D. Eisenhower, Supreme Commander of all Allied Forces in Europe
Background
Under pressure to help the Russians
Churchill decides its a good opportunity to give Canadians a taste for battle
Boost Morale
A Raid is not an Invasion
3 Months of Training
"Operation Jubilee"
Codename Rutter changed to Jubilee
Officers informed 10 days before
Soldiers informed 1 day before.
Attack the flanks at 0450
the main attack 30 minutes later
The Plan
Main attack was at Red and White beach.

Canadians are no match for the German defenses.

Reasons for failure:
Miss-communication
Damaged Equipment
Beach conditions (tiny rocks/pebbles) -
tanks ineffective
Underestimated German Defenses
Late Arrival
Eliminated the element of Surprise
Narrow beaches and Germans above cliffs (good position)
Arrived on time, but encountered heavy German defenses
The Maple Leaf is engraved on their headstones.
Hong Kong
Hong Kong
First action seen by Canadians
Tried to defend the British colony against the Japanese
1,975 Canadian troops
none were considered 'Battle Ready'
Weeks after Canadians arrive, Japan invades
With 50-60,000 troops!!
Allies Surrender
Prisoners of War (POWs)
Canadians are tortured, starved, deprived of medical attention and used as slave labour
They were the first Canadian casualties and the last to see freedom
At the same time . . .
290 Canadians died
493 Wounded
1600 taken prisoner
Netherlands
Liberate
To set (someone) free from a situation, especially imprisonment or slavery, in which their liberty is severely restricted.
Victory in Europe Day (VE Day) was on May 8th 1945. VE Day officially announced the end of World War Two in Europe.
On
August 14, 1945
, it was announced that Japan had surrendered unconditionally to the Allies, effectively
ending World War II
. Since then, both
August 14 and August 15 have been known as “Victory over Japan Day
,” or simply “V-J Day.” The term has also been used for September 2, 1945, when Japan’s formal surrender took place aboard the U.S.S. Missouri, anchored in Tokyo Bay.
- Communists
- Jews
Hitler breaks his non-aggression pact with the Soviet Union.
Codename

"Operation Barbarossa"
June 22, 1941
Largest

German military operation of World War II.
Full transcript