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THE EPIC WWII PREZI
Transcript of THE EPIC WWII PREZI
Citizens and Citizenesses of the Soviet Union! Today, at four o'clock in the morning, without addressing any grievances to the Soviet Union, without declaration of war, German forces fell on our country, attacked our frontiers in many places and bombed our cities...an act of treachery unprecedented in the history of civilized nations...The Red Army and the whole nation will wage a victorious Patriotic War for our beloved country, for honour, for liberty...Our cause is just. The enemy will be beaten. Victory will be ours.
Hitler breaks his non-agression pact with the Soviet Union.
June 22, 1941
German military operation of World War II.
Adolf Hitler had always regarded the German-Soviet nonaggression pact, signed on August 23, 1939, as a temporary tactical maneuver
war of annihilation against the
state as well as the
of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union represented the 'Nexis' of everything Hitler hated.
Communism and Judaism
Soviet resistance stiffened, knocking the Germans off of their unrealistic timetable
After months of campaigning, the German army was exhausted.
German planners had failed to equip their troops for winter warfare.
Also, failed to provide sufficient food and medicines.
Major defeat for Nazi Germany and Hitler!
Rich in food supply and oil
The Empire of Japan invades Manchuria in 1931.
The Japanese government justified its actions by claiming that it was seeking to unite East Asia with Japan. Japan wanted Pan-Asianism and said that the Asian people needed to be free from American influence.
As a result the US responds by
imposing economic sanctions
oil embargo (will not trade oil)
1 - Give into demands, withdraw from invaded land
2 - Go to war
Decision - WAR
December 7, 1941
"Day of Infamy"
The end of ISOLATIONISM
United States enters WWII
The Battle of
With the fall of France, Germany was able to set up submarine bases in western France, giving them short range access to Atlantic sea lanes.
German U-Boat Bases
The Mid-Atlantic Gap
Designed by Admiral Karl Donitz
Submarines "hunting in groups" attacking ships on the surface at night.
Plan to starve Britain, by sinking 750,000 tons of supplies per month.
worked very well at the start of WWII.
The Convoy System
larger convoys so more ships would survive
improvement in anti-submarine technology
e.g. the Squid Depth Charge Launcher and the Hedgehog (24 mortar bombs)
Aircraft Carriers with airplane cover
Aircraft protected Zone
Aircraft Protected Zone
The Size of the Invasion Force
3,000,000 + (mostly German)
650,000 troops from Finland, Romania, Italy, Croatia, Slovakia and Hungary
From the Baltic Sea in the North, to the Back sea in the South
Germany achieved tactical surprise.
Soviet air force was destroyed
Soviet Armies initially overwhelmed.
Soviet Soldiers being taken Prisoners of War
Soviets crossing the Volga river to enter Stalingrad meet the Luftwaffe
Soveits defend the city of Stalingrad - some forced to run into battle without waepons.
Coming to an End
Despite catastrophic losses in the first six weeks of the war, the Soviet Union failed to collapse as anticipated by the Nazi leadership and the German military commanders.
Soviets launch Operation Uranus.
Circle the Nazi force
Cut them from their supply
"The Black Pit"
D-Day and the Invasion of Normandy
War in the Pacific
Canada, the US, and Britain played a role in the development of the first nuclear bomb.
August 19, 1942
"I landed on the gravel and ran up the beach. The noise was indescribable; rifle fire, machine gun fire from both sides, and shells being lobbed over ...I also remember seeing, like a heavy rain on a mill pond, the bullets splashing the water. And it was blood red. And bodies floating around... Our buddies were being killed..."
- Al Comfort, Corporal, Royal Hamilton Light Infantry
5,000 troops take part
Telegrams came home across Canada
The dead were buried and honoured at the Canadian War Cemetery
Lieutenant-Colonel Cecil Merritt bravely commanded a rearguard, which allowed some troops to escape.
Reverend John Weir Foote was the first of the Canadian Chaplain Services to be awarded the Victoria Cross. He saved many lives, he risked his life to intense fire for eight hours to aid the injured soldiers and he courageously let himself be taken by the Germans as a prisoner to minister his fellow Canadians who were also POWs.
Acts of Bravery
Was the Dieppe Raid was a failure or success?
Valuable lessons vs. waste of time and lives.
"... Dieppe raid I was all against. I couldn't see that any lessons could be learned which couldn't be learned from the study of past experience... or that it might gain any experience which was really worthwhile, which you couldn't foresee..."
- General George Pearkes, V.C., First Canadian Division, 1942
"The raid (Dieppe), carried out by a strong force of Canadians, Had resulted in a high percentage of losses. From it we learned a number of lessons that we later applied to our advantage, but the price paid by the Canadians still ranked."
-Dwight D. Eisenhower, Supreme Commander of all Allied Forces in Europe
Under pressure to help the Russians
Churchill decides its a good opportunity to give Canadians a taste for battle
A Raid is not an Invasion
3 Months of Training
Codename Rutter changed to Jubilee
Officers informed 10 days before
Soldiers informed 1 day before.
Attack the flanks at 0450
the main attack 30 minutes later
Main attack was at Red and White beach.
Canadians are no match for the German defenses.
Reasons for failure:
Beach conditions (tiny rocks/pebbles) -
Underestimated German Defenses
Eliminated the element of Surprise
Narrow beaches and Germans above cliffs (good position)
Arrived on time, but encountered heavy German defenses
The Maple Leaf is engraved on their headstones.
First action seen by Canadians
Tried to defend the British colony against the Japanese
1,975 Canadian troops
none were considered 'Battle Ready'
Weeks after Canadians arrive, Japan invades
With 50-60,000 troops!!
Prisoners of War (POWs)
Canadians are tortured, starved, deprived of medical attention and used as slave labour
They were the first Canadian casualties and the last to see freedom
At the same time . . .
290 Canadians died
1600 taken prisoner
To set (someone) free from a situation, especially imprisonment or slavery, in which their liberty is severely restricted.
Victory in Europe Day (VE Day) was on May 8th 1945. VE Day officially announced the end of World War Two in Europe.
August 14, 1945
, it was announced that Japan had surrendered unconditionally to the Allies, effectively
ending World War II
. Since then, both
August 14 and August 15 have been known as “Victory over Japan Day
,” or simply “V-J Day.” The term has also been used for September 2, 1945, when Japan’s formal surrender took place aboard the U.S.S. Missouri, anchored in Tokyo Bay.