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What is the human microbiome? (TwinsUK)

Facts about the human microbiome for participants in the TwinsUK project.
by

Michelle Beaumont

on 21 October 2014

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Transcript of What is the human microbiome? (TwinsUK)

Lots more to discover!
What do we still need to find?
How can you help?
To answers these questions, all we need is a simple poo sample and a couple of short questionnaires!

You'll receive the information in your visit pack.
Finally...
What is the human microbiome?
Skin
Hair
Gut
But aren't all bacteria bad?
No!
Some bacteria are
bad...
...But most bacteria are
helpful
!
There are
10x
as many bacteria in the human body as
human cells
!
(That's a lot!)
What do these bacteria
do
??
They protect us from
pathogens!
They help digest our
food!
And they make essential
compounds
for our
health
!
They even teach our immune system what is
good
and
bad
!
Each person's microbiome is
unique
!
The types of bacteria can change
dramatically
over short periods of
time
.
But over
long
periods of time things are pretty
stable
.
In a
healthy
person, all the different
types
of bacteria live together in
harmony
and
balance
.
But what if that balance is
disrupted
?
Imbalances
in the microbiome have been linked with some
diseases
.
Obesity
Irritable Bowel Disease
Acne
Bacterial Vaginosis
Dental caries
Gingivitis
Type 2 Diabetes
Psoriasis
Tip of the iceberg
How do genetics control the microbiome?
What environmental factors affect the microbiome?
Exactly what functions do these microbes perform?
You're never alone with your bacteria friends!
Thanks for watching!
Music: Kian Yarand
Video: Michelle Beaumont

http://www.twinsuk.ac.uk/
Full transcript