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Some Types of Poetry

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Rachel Viglianco

on 1 December 2015

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Transcript of Some Types of Poetry

Styles of Poetry
Style refers to the way a poem is written. This includes the type of poem, the numbers of stanzas, the rhythm and rhyme techniques, etc.
Lyrical Poetry
Cinquain
Free Verse
Ode
Limerick
Sonnets
Haiku
Lyrical poetry is written to express feelings and emotions
Epics
Ballads
Narrative Poems
Lengthy narrative poem, usually about heroic deeds and events significant to a culture or nation
Ballads are song-like poems, often set to music, that tell a story and have very strong use of rhythm and rhyme.
Isn't it cool???
*One of the most famous types of lyrical poetry
*very old
*not often used in children's poetry
*Shakespeare made them very famous

*It contains fourteen lines
A Haiku is an unrhymed Japanese poem with 17 syllables divided into 3 lines. They often use sensory detail and metaphors.

The first line has 5 syllables
The second line has 7
And the third line has 5
Limericks are five-line witty poem with a distinctive rhythm. The first, second and fifth lines, the longer lines, rhyme. The third and fourth shorter lines rhyme.
(A-A-B-B-A).
Cinquains have five lines

Line 1: - 2 syllables
Line 2: - 4 syllables (Description)
Line 3: - 6 syllables (Action)
Line 4: - 8 syllable (Feeling)
Line 5: 2 syllables
Free verse is a form of poetry that does not use consistent meter patterns, rhyme, or any other musical pattern. It tends to more like normal speech.

*describes ideas and feelings
*uses lots of sensory detail
*uses metaphors often
*doesn't have to be complete sentences
*word choice and word placement matter
Narrative poems are ones that tell a story.

It follows a similar structure as that for a short story or novel.
There is a beginning, a middle and an end, as well
as the usual literary devices such as character and plot.

The material of epic poetry is elevated; it does not dwell on the meager details of life.

Epic poetry tends to use catalogues (lists).

Speeches are frequent.
Example: Beowulf

The famous race of Spear-Danes. Lo! the Spear-Danes’ glory through splendid achievement he folk-kings’ former fame we have heard of,How princes displayed then their prowess-in-battle.Scyld, their mighty king, in honor of whom they are often called Scyldings. He is the great-grandfather of Hrothgar, so prominent in the poem.
Turn back the heart you've turned away
Give back your kissing breath
Leave not my love as you have left
The broken hearts of yesterday
But wait, be still, don't lose this way
Affection now, for what you guess
May be something more, could be less
Accept my love, live for today.
Your roses wilted, as love spurned
Yet trust in me, my love and truth
Dwell in my heart, from which you've turned
My strength as great as yours aloof.
It is in fear you turn away
And miss the chance of love today!

--James DeFord
Over the wintry
forest, winds howl in rage
with no leaves to blow.
Swollen, red. Wet eyes.
A shattered heart, a dream crushed
Forever is done.
Listen...
With faint dry sound,
Like steps of passing ghosts,
The leaves, frost-crisp'd, break from the trees
And fall.
An Ode is a poem praising and glorifying a person, place or thing.
DIFFERENT RHYME SCHEMES for ODES

*At least 12 lines
*The 2nd and 4th line every 4 lines rhyme


*3-line stanzas where lines 1 and 2 use end rhyme and the third line doesn't rhyme
An Ode to Christmas

When you see lovely lights
Of greens, reds, and whites
You know it is Christmas Time

When snow falls down from the skies Soft and thick it lies
You know it is Christmas Time

When you hear Christmas jingles
And your skin begins to tingle
You know it is Christmas Time
An Ode To Dreamers

When dreamers dream
And lovers love
Do they receive their visions
From heaven above?
Or do they originate
Where all things start
Within our minds
Within our hearts?
I know not all
But what I do know is this
You cannot build a Kingdom
Upon a flimsy wish
So believe in your dreams
Follow them blind
Lest you loose them all,
To the hands of time.
Elements ofPoetry
Yay Poetry!
STANZAS:
Stanzas are a series of lines grouped together and separated by an empty line from other stanzas. They are the equivalent of a paragraph in an essay.
Rhyme
is the repetition of similar sounds. In poetry, the most common kind of rhyme is the
end rhyme.

For example: abab rhyme scheme

I saw a fairy in the
wood
,
He was dressed all in
green
.
He drew his sword while I just
stood
,
And realized I'd been
seen
.


Internal rhyme
occurs in the
middle
of a line.

For example:
"In mist or
cloud
, on mast or
shroud
"
Rhythm
is the sound pattern in a poem.
Rhyme Scheme?
It's poetry week
As she speaks
Faces turn grey
Complaining takes place
I moan along
Have been dreading
this day
She gives us our task
And we begin
I can't
Get the words out
Thoughts seem clogged
She comes over
Of course
I complain
She doesn't get mad
Just says one word
Try
And walks away head held high
I sit



And stare
At the blank page
Its like an empty landscape
I feel
Something inside
Are words taking shape in my mind?
I place a word down
Before I know
My hand is moving across the paper with ease
Filling the empty spaces
with many thoughts
Before I know it, the poem is complete
Smiling,
Realizing
How much fun it actually was
Here I sit
many months later writing poetry
just to write
remembering the that day
How something
so small
how the word
try
can change everything
REPETITION
: Repeating the same word/phrase throughout the poem to emphasize it's importance.
Slant Rhyme:
words with similar but
not identical sounds

Example:
If love is like a
bridge
or maybe like a
grudge
,
and time is like a river
that kills us with a shiver
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