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Talent I.D

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Lee Clough

on 19 March 2015

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Transcript of Talent I.D

Talent ID for Academy Football
Traditional talent development pathways for adolescent team sports follow talent identification procedures based on
games ratings and
athletic assessment.
At Best:
extremely difficult
Talent Development is
logical or
The prediction of long term success is extremely complex in which many factors (e.g. maturation) play a role,
of the initially
selected players
reach the top
. Consequently many players are released from the program, at which re-entry is extremely hard.
Identifying talent in field games at an early age is
far more complex

in team sports than in individual sports.
Performance or Potential

Realities of Academy Football
At worst
has the capacity to
de-select children
who with further practice,
may still emerge as an expert performer
The ongoing process of identifying at various stages players who demonstrate qualification levels of performance for inclusion in a particular team (Williams & Reilly, 2000)
The Relative Age Effect
Providing players with a suitable
learning environment
so that they have the
opportunity to realise their potential
(Williams and Reilly, 2000)
The 10'000 hour rule
Ericsson et al (1993): Music academy of West Berlin, suggests that expert musicians accumulated 10,000 hours of practice by the age of 20, and that skilled performers had engaged in greater amounts of
deliberate practice

ocean / breeze
leaf / tree
sweet / sour
movie / actress
oil / engine
school / college
turkey / stuffing
fruit / vegetable
computer / chip
chair / couch

bread / b_tter
music / l_rics
sh_e / socks
phone / bo_k
cri_ps / salsa
pen_il / paper
river / b_at
be_r / wine
television / rad_o
l_nch / dinner
ocean/ breeze
leaf / tree
sweet / sour
movie / actress
oil / engine
school / college
turkey / stuffing
fruit / vegetable
computer / chip
chair / couch
bread / butter
music / lyrics
shoe / sock
phone / book
pencil / paper
river / boat
beer / wine
television / radio
lunch dinner
Time to get writing
The Elite Player Performance Plan
'The Performance Clock'
European Football
Spain (typical club): 4880 hours
France (typical club): 5740 hours
Holland (typical club): 5940 hours
Previously in English Academies: 3760 hours
UK Elite Youth Academies
Royal Ballet School: 10,000 hours
British Cycling: 10,000 hours
British Swimming: 8160 hours
Academies operating within the EPPP: upto 8500
52% current Academy players born in September, October and November (Levett, 2014)
Original Study 40% elite hockey players born in January, February and March, 10% in October, November and December. (Barnsley, 1985)
The process of
current participants with the
to become elite performers (Williams & Reilly, 2000)
Have you got 10,000 hours in you?
The Value of Grit
The tendency to sustain interest in and effort towards very long term goals.
A combination of stubbornness, resourcefulness, creativity and adaptability
Duckworth et al, 2013
The Necessity for 'Ownership'
Evident in successful athletes from 13 years of age
Reach beyond the programme
Make decisions on their own development
Augment, customise and addressing their weaknesses on their own.
Elferink - Gemser et al, 2011
Is it as simple as 10,000 hours?
Campitelli and Gobet (2008) study into Chess players
Average = 11,000 hours
One player = 3000 hours
Another player = 23000 hours
Talent Detection
The discovery of potential performers who are currently not involved in the sport in question
Wilson, 2014
Elite Players advantaged in terms of:
Body composition and shape
Speed endurance
vertical jumping
motivational orientation
control and perception of anxiety
technical skill
Strongest predictors
Motivational orientation
Players who go on to be professional at 20 are:
Technically more advanced by 14 years of age
Tactically more advanced by 18 years of age
Start to pull away in terms of speed endurance from 16 years of age
The Growth Mindset
Becoming is better than being (Dweck, 2008)
"During the game you can easily assess him from a psychological point of view, The strong minded players are the ones that want to change or show support to the team when things are not going well and they are still doing their jobs and you can get a lot of information from that" (Martinez cited in Magowan, 2013)
Visual perception - Jordet et al, 2013
Think quickly, look for spaces. That's what I do: look for spaces. All day. I'm always looking. All day, all day. [Xavi starts gesturing as if he is looking around, swinging his head]. Here? No. There? No. People who haven't played don't always realise how hard that is. Space, space, space. It's like being on the PlayStation. I think shit, the defender's here, play it there. I see the space and pass. That's what I do - (Xavi cited in Lowe, 2011)
UK Sport Talent Programmes
The aquisition of expert performance involves operating within three types of constraints: motivational, effort and resource (Ericsson cited in Cote et al, 1999).
Burgess & Naughton (2010)
Coyle (2009)
Fundamental Movement Skills
A prerequisite for success participation
The foundation for lifelong physical activity participation and the achievement of excellence
Bailey et al (2010)
Non-football related training accounts for 45 per cent of players development up to the age of 12.
15 and 18, as much as 35 per cent of time is still spent improving coordination and balance by playing other games
Children who only do one sport have a tendency to get injured four times more often than those who do more than one sport (Wormhoudt cited in Bate, 2014)
Premier League (2011)
Reilly et al, 2000
Bailey et al, (2010)
short term
talent detection, determines players who will perform best 2 weeks, 2 months or even 2 years from now (Regnier et al., 1993)
Lawrence, 2013
Lawrence, 2013
Elferink-Gemer and Visscher (2012)
Houlihan et al (2013)
Talent Selection
The ongoing process of identifying at various stages players who demonstrate qualification levels of performance for inclusion in a particular team (Williams & Reilly, 2000)
Of the 10,000 or so boys in the academy system, only one per cent will make a living from the game.
Two thirds of those who sign professional forms are out of football by the time they are 21.
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