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Transcript of Agriculture
Agriculture Chapter 9 Three types of Agriculture Specialized Agriculture Homework Subsistence Agriculture Three types of Agriculture Industrial Revolution Agricultural Revolution Chapter 9 - Humans have been on the planet for eight million years!
- Our ancestors were hunter and gatherers
- This meaning they hunted wild animals and gathered berries and seeds wherever they could.
-After the last ice age humans started exploring new lands and started to follow the migration of animals. - Began in the 1700's
- Powered machines and tools were invented
and used by farmers to increase and improve
- Improvements in transportation were also a
part of the industrial revolution. Eg. Train and
automobile. This allowed for agricultural products to be moved throughout the country faster.
-Due to improvements in transportation and farming tools farmers produced MORE foos than they could eat.
- Farmers now were able to sell there produce.
- This was the start of COMMERCIAL FARMING - The type of agriculture that is produced from a particular area depends on several factors such as: CLIMATE and SOIL of an area.
- Some places have better factors such as heat, precipitation, rich soil and flat or rolling topography than other areas.
- Around the world people have adapted their farming practices to suit their locations and climates.
-The three main types of agriculture are SUBSISTENCE, COMMERCIAL and SPECIALIZED. - When farms can only provide enough food for themselves and their families this is called SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE. ( They have no food left over)
-Usually occurs in developing countries due to poor and harsh climate.
-Due to poor farming conditions no money is made and subsistence farmers are not able to buy modern technology to help grow there crops.
- Farmers use ancient practices to harvest their lands and this usually results in lack of proper crops.
-Therefore families are poor and have little food.
**** look on page 148 in the text for examples** -When farmers produce more than they are able to use, the produce is sold. This is called COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
- Commercial agriculture is the production of crops or livestock for sale.
-The crops and livestock are sold in large amounts.
- For example in Canada the prairies sell and export wheat, this is a prime example of commercial agriculture -Specialized agriculture is crops or livestock that require unique growing conditions that are found only in specific locations.
- For example: Pineapples require hot temperatures and can only be grown in tropical countries.
Examples: Cranberries in British Columbia, Blueberries in Nova Scotia, Ginseng in British Columbia. Our Ancestors - Ten thousand years ago people started to change the way that they got food.
- The began to DOMESTICATE plants and animals . Eg. Having a farm
- This allowed people to stay in one spot rather than following the animals herds for food.
- People were able to have a reliable source of food supply and that they could learn how to build permanent structures like houses.
- These improvements lead people to a better quality of life.
- This change is called a REVOLUTION.
- The world had discovered What we now call AGRICULTURE the planned planting and harvesting of crops and raising animals for clothing and food. Commercial Agriculture Factors Influencing Commercial Agriculture - Location: Is the product located near where it will be sold or not?
-Climate: Precipitation and growing season ect.
- Raw materials: Water supply, near feed for livestock.
-Transportation: Costs must be low, roads must be good to get to market.
-Market: Must have a place to sell the produce
-Labour-Need people at appropriate growing times to plant and harvest the crops. - Complete Agriculture page.
- Complete Letter to school if finished Agriculture.