Transcript of Democracy in Ancient Athens
Democracy in Ancient Athens by: Jessica Gahir The Birthplace of Democracy The birthplace of democracy was in the Athens in Ancient Greece where democracy was limited to citizens (excluding women and slaves) and not everyone who lived there had the right to vote. Only men could vote. So, the Ancient Athens were first to ever have a democracy, even though not everyone had the right to vote. How Men Who Were Citizens Participated in Government in Athens Men used to attend assemblies to listen to, discuss, and vote on decrees that affected every aspect of Athenian life, both public and private, from financial matters to religious ones, from public festivals to war, from treaties with foreign powers to regulations governing ferry boats. Men were supposed to tell everything that went on in their lives that affected them and then had the ability to protest on what they thought was wrong. If Athens had a Representative Government or Not http://www.stoa.org/projects/demos/article_democracy_overview http://www.google.ca http://wiki.answers.com Athens did not have a representative democracy. It had a democracy called direct democracy. Direct democracy is a democracy where people can participate directly in a government. Each person's decision directly affects the outcome of a vote. So, in Athens, all citizens could participate directly in a government. Beliefs and Values That Shaped Democracy in Athens There were beliefs and values in Ancient Athens. I have a T-chart demonstrating some of the beliefs and values. Beliefs Values What role citizens played in Athenian democracy. Male citizens played the role of voting and attending assemblies to form and support their democracy. They spoke of their opinion at meetings which took place in pnyx. At least 6,000 men attended each Assembly. There were at least 40 Assembly meetings every year. There was at least one meeting every week. Who Ancient Athenians Were Ancient Athenians were the people who lived in Athens a long time ago. Ancient means at least 2,500 years ago or longer. Athenians are people that live in Athens. Who Citizens Were In Ancient Athens Citizens were men that were born in Athens. Women were not citizens, metics were not citizens, slaves were not citizens, children were not citizens, and they couldn't do anything to become citizens. What The Roles of Men and Women Were The role of men was to attend meetings and vote at assemblies and speak of his opinion. He spent most of hist time and farmer's markets and off at assemblies. While men went off and had parties, women were the housekeepers. Their job was to protect the house, clean the house, make clothes, cook dinner, teach children, and serve the man. If Fairness was a Part of Athenian Democracy I don't think fairness was a part of Athenian democracy. I don't think so because it wasn't fair to all sorts of people such as women, metics, slaves, and children. Women, metics, slaves and children did not have the right to vote or attend assemblies. Slaves just had to be slaves and obey their master. If they didn't, the master would attend an assembly, and start a vote about kicking the slave out of town. If the outcome was yes, the slave would leave for a year, and if he survived, he would come back and be accepted in Athens. If the slave worried that he would die, he would go to Sparta and be accepted as a slave there. There was no fairness in Athens. How Athenian Citizens Were Involved in Decision Making Athenian citizens were involved in decision making by attending assemblies and voting there, speaking of their opinions at assemblies, and starting elections. The Advantage of Voting in Secret The advantage of voting in secret is if you don't want anyone to know who or what you're voting for, you don't have to let anyone know because they won't be able to see it. Unlike in ancient Athens, citizens voted by a show of hands, and one person counted the hands, so if someone saw your hand, everyone would be able to know what you're voting for. How the Council of 500 was Democratic The Council of 500 was the full-time government of Athens. It was known as the boule and met in the Bouleuterion at the agora. The term for the Council was one year and then a new Council was selected. The Council also planned the agenda for the Assembly meetings and supervised the running of the government. They would also discuss and vote on decrees that they would then present for approval to the Assembly. How the Athenian Courts Were Run The Athenian Courts were run in a different way than they are today. It would all start with a plaintiff, giving complaints to the government about something or someone. The magistrate would take the matter into his own hands, being a government official. The defendant is the person who is accused of a crime in a court case. Did you know? In order to speak, you would have to have a klepsydra, which was a water clock used to time the speeches of the plaintiff and the defendant. http://www.com If Ancient Athens is a Good Example of Democracy or Not Athens is a good example of democracy because it gave us a start on what democracy we have today. We only had to change a few things from their system to make our system. Then, male citizens were only able to vote, and the rest were not aloud to vote. They had a direct democracy instead of a representative democracy, and, they had the ability to vote someone out of town and they had a death penalty. So their democracy was different then ours, but it was a good start for 500BCE! I think this is THE END But don't be too sure! Special Thanks to: Athens had the best democracy out of any place they could think of.Full transcript
Their government does not copy their neighbors e.g.Sparta.
Their government is an example to other places.
Because we share power, citizens respect our laws. The fact that we live in a democracy.
They were first to have a democracy in the world.
That they were aloud to vote and be democratic.
They had the ability to speak out for what they believe, in most countries, you got punished for speaking your thoughts. c