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World Religion Project
Transcript of World Religion Project
The Role of Women
Hindu girls needs protection
all through her life from her parents, brother(s), and definitely from their husband when older.
A woman should always obey of what
her husband tells her to do because it's for her own protection and good!
Girls are not alllowed to go to school or read holy books. she is a female, which means she has less power over herself. That's why she stays home with her mom and learns basic stuff of a woman's duty, but some religion knowledge are recieved.
Stri Dharma, are the duties of a good wife. Some major rules are to treat your husband as a god. Another is that to go on pilgrimages to help your husband live longer and have a great karma. That's why a woman shares her husband's karma (fate).
When your husband dies, you have two options to chose for the rest of your life. One is sati and the other is widowhood. Sati is a ritual that means to burn yourself ALIVE on your husband's funeral so you can be with your husband at all times even after death. While, widowhood means you wear white clothes since your husband's death and don't get remarried. Most widows gets tired of their bad karma life, so they go to the city of Vrindavan while on pilgrimage and stay there in till they greet their husband after death.
The Role of Men
For a boy, his whole life time, he shall
ALWAYS follow the Laws of Manu(men duties).
When a boy becomes around 12, he recieves
a sacred thread.(The thread stands for the 3 upper
castes when a boy goes through a re-birth ceremony.)
The Law of Manu says clearly that when a boy is
7, he's a Brahmin, 10 is when he's a Kshatriya and 11 he's
a Vaisya.(This period of time indicates the second birth.)
In the Medieval period of India's history, that's when a boy is supposed to leave home and study with a guru(priest).The boy lives with a disciplined life and study the Vedas, the Gita, dharma, Sanskrit, and religious rituals.
His guru would teach him how to purify himself in the morning and evening to devote himself to the gods, sacrificing, his guru and OF COURSE his studies. The Law of Manu forbade specific things: honey, meet, perfumes, spicy foods, dancing, singing, playing music with anything, gambling, having girlfriends, and ESPECIALLY looking at females! All those things are to pollute or distract attention from studies. The boy stays as a student till he gets married so he would become part of the society .
A man will enter a household in till he's around his early
twenties. He will raise a family, have a job that goes with his caste, and be a responsible member in his society. Also, is that it's when the husband and wife spends some quality time together and live happily pray/pilgrimage/celebrate together.
When a man goes into his old ages, he and his wife goes away from social active life and live near a forest,the edge of a village, etc. There they go into the spiritual life.(It's important to say that this life start after retirement, raised a family, and no longer a member in your society since your too old to.) Near the end of a man's life, he stays home and does no ritual and no work but gives to others in need. If you have followed the Law of Manu, it will lead you to good KARMA by doing so.
950 million of Hindu followers!
That's only 14% of the world's population
The Origin Of Hinduism
Hinduism is the world's
oldest religion. It's started before time and human existence! (no offense)
There is no founder of this religion,
but several cultures improved and developed
It goes to the Aryans and the Indus Valley Civilization.
From the Indus Valley Civilization,
Hinduism gained how to do a proper ritual, spiritual discipline, etc.
From the Aryans, the Hinduism got its
official language, Sanskrit and its most sacred
scripture, the Vedas.
These are only some of the things that the Aryans and the Indus Valley contributed to Hinduism.
Krishna! Our main god. He is the god that started all the other gods and goddesses. This is him as a
child! So cute!!!
This is Krishna's wife,
Radha (mother of all
gods and goddesses)
That's why WHENEVER there's a holiday, ritual, puja, etc, Hindus always start off by praying to him FIRST!
The Basic Belief System
There are many types of holidays for us Hindus. Whether it's about birthdays, deaths, victories, wars, marriages, seasons, etc! Here are the major holidays that are celebrated!
Mahashivarathri is celebrated as a sacred night to Lord Shiva. Legend has it that Shiva drank the poison that came from the ocean during samudra manthan and saved this powerful and venomous potion.
These are just some of the major beliefs that we follow.
Hinduism is monotheism since all gods and goddesses comes from the Supreme Being.
Hindus believe in the holy books that are called the Vedas,
the Bhagavad Gita, the Law of Manu for men, the Stri Dharma
for the women, Upanishads, Puranas, and many more!
Hindus believe in karma, the cause and effect of what you do
through thoughts, talking, and acting!
Hindus believe that the whole universe goes through endless
creation, destruction, and preservation.
Hindus believes about reincarnation of being reborn over again
and again till they escape out by having a good karma and moksha.
Hindus believe in that you should respect all religions no
matter what others believe in of any kind.
Hindus believe in that all of life is sacred. Everyone is to be
loved and helped by you no matter if you hate them or not.
Hindus believe that following the laws of dharma should be
always followed, whether you're a male or female. Dharma is
the laws that our Supreme Being sent to keep the world in order.
Hindu men should always give respect to women, but give protection to their wife. Men should also make their wife happy so then the Supreme Being would be pleased.
Hindu women must always follow what their husband tells
them to do. They should respect their husband as god.
Krishna Janmashtami is about the celebrating Krishna's birth, though there's no actual birthday for him or any of our gods and goddesses, but Hindus created which days to celebrate specific holidays. Anyways, Krishna Janmashtami is how our Lord Krishna is playful and mischievous. A group of Hindu men creates a human pyramid.(This is always outside since your house would get buttery!) They get some one on the very top of the pyramid and break some high up hanging pot butter! That's called Dahi Handi.
You may have wanted to expect more deities from Hinduism since it is polytheism, well the truth is Hinduism was monotheism all along! You know why? It's because there is only one god, which is Krishna. Although, Krishna comes in MANY forms! In this way, it helps us Hindus communicate with him more by having icons of his different skills and power. That's why we have so many holidays! If Krishna didn't have many reincarnations of other gods and goddesses forms, there would be only 2 holidays, that is Krishna Janmashtami and Hindus' New Years. That's a gargantuan disadvantage since we wouldn't be praying, doing rituals, pujas, and pilgrimages as much! Also, our karma wouldn't be so good as it is now!
Happy Navaratri! Navaratri is about the victory about Maa Durga of her nine nights of war with the evil Mahishasura. On the tenth day, she defeated him!
Hindu Holy Books & Symbols
This is the Om symbol. It's one of the major symbols in Hinduism. Hindus practically put the Om symbols everywhere to have peace, shakti(power and energy),and happiness. We say om when beginning to pray, starting a ritual, etc!
B.A. Robinson. Latest update: 2011-JUL-31. Hinduism:The world's third largest religion. 1-28-12.
These are the sacred texts inside the Vedas!
The Vedas is one of the major
sacred books in Hinduism.
This is called a swastika!
It's a good luck symbol that's called Shakti or in english, power and energy! Hitler and the Nazi made a similar
symbol since they thought this swastika looked powerful enough to be their German flag.
The Bhagavad Gita is another holy book that Hindus pray. It's about the Kurusketra War. The holy book has many prayers, many laws, and a thrilling war!
Shatkona is a symbol that represents
Shiva and Shakti! The Jews made a
doppelganger that they call the Star
No Name. The Origin of Hinduism. 1-28-12.
No Name. The Role of Women in Hinduism. 1-28-12.
No Name. The Role of Men in Hinduism. 1-28-12.
No Name. How Himduism Was Started. 1-28-12.
No Name. Nine Beliefs of Hinduism. 2-2-12.
Mandy Barrow. Diwali 2010. 1-2-12.
By: Susmita Dash
These are just some of the major holidays.
There's like about 30 more holidays that I didn't show you since this prezi would become too long!