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Principles of Training

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by

Sarah Entwisle

on 10 March 2014

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Transcript of Principles of Training

You must understand.......
FITT & SPORTIAR
You must be able to apply the POT to different athletes

Principles of Training
PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING
Why do we take part in training sessions?
To put additional stress on the body so our body adapts and becomes more effective.
There are
4 BASIC
Principles Of Training
F I T T
F
requency
The number of training sessions completed over a period of time,
usually per week
I
ntensity
How hard an individual will train
T
ime
How long an individual will train for.
T
ype
How an individual will train by selecting a training method to improve a
specific component of fitness and/or their sports performance.
S
pecificity
Training should be specific to the individual’s sport, activity or physical/skill-related fitness goals to be developed.
P
rogressive
In order to progress, training needs to be demanding enough to
cause the body to adapt, improving performance.
O
verload
R
eversibility
If training stops, or the intensity of training is not sufficient to
cause adaptation, training effects are reversed.
T
Varia
ion
It is important to vary the training regime to avoid boredom and
maintain enjoyment
I
ndividual Differences
The programme should be designed to meet individual training
goals and needs.
A
daptation
How the body reacts to training loads by increasing its ability to
cope with those loads
Adaptation occurs during the recovery period after the training session is
completed.
R
est & recovery
Rest and recovery are required so that the body can recover from the training
and to allow adaptation to occur
How to apply SPECIFICITY to your training programme

The details of the TM course were outlined to you at the beginning of the assessment.
The course was made up of 12 different activity stations.
These stations should be replicated within your training sessions.
Making your training sessions specific will enable you to build up specific muscle groups.
Replicating specific movements will help build confidence and familiarity.
How did you make YOUR training specific??

Which activities did you incorporate?
Did you replicate the TM course?
Which Cof F did you focus on?
How can you apply overload to your sessions.

Increase Repetitions
Increase Sets
Increase %MHR
Increase RPE
Increase Weight
Increase Duration
How did you apply OVERLOAD to your training sessions?

How did you know were to start your training sessions?
How did your sessions differ from WK1-WK6?

How can you prevent reversibility?
Spread sessions out through the week
Work on each CofF at least once a week
Focus on weaknesses but don't neglect strengths
How did you prevent reversibility happening in your sessions?

Trained 3 times a week
Focused on more than 1 CofF per session
worked on all components of fitness not just weaker ones.

How could you use variation in your sessions?

Incorporate several training methods across the 6 weeks
Use more than one training method per sessions
Incorporate other hobbies
How did you apply Variation into your session.

Incorporated Hockey/Football training into your programme
Which training methods did you use?
How many training methods did you use per session?
How could you apply your individual differences to your training session?
What were your goals/aims?
Baseline Testing Results?
Activity questionnaire?
Available facilities?
Available Equipment?


How can you monitor adaptation through your sessions?

Reps
Sets
Duration
Weight
Distance
How did you monitor adaptation?

Logbook?
What did you record?
What happened if you didn't adapt?
Full transcript