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Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Chapter 9

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Charlotte Miller

on 29 May 2013

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Transcript of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Chapter 9

The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Dr. Lanyon's Narrative Plot Characters Themes Key Quotes Vocab Stylistic
Devices Quiz Point
View Comparison/
Connection Setting Chapter 9 Tone The chapter starts off with Lanyon’s letter from Jekyll. In the letter, Jekyll asks Lanyon to follow a set of mysterious tasks that are to be done in secret while the servants have all gone to bed. After following the strict instructions, a man comes to pick the items up. Unbeknownst to Lanyon, the suspicious looking man is Mr. Hyde. Hyde then gives Lanyon the choice of being either "wise" or "guided". Lanyon can choose to watch and see what all the mysteriousness is about, or he can choose to remain ignorant of this horrendous scientific breakthrough. Lanyon chooses the former and learns that the man in his house is the man that killed Carew, and that that man is one and the same with Dr. Jekyll.

There is a simple plot of Lanyon finding out Jekyll’s secret. The chapter names describe what the chapter will be about or key elements. This chapter takes place during the night at midnight. The dark night helps contribute to the mysterious mood. The night backdrop helps to emphasize the evilness of Hyde and Lanyon’s disapproval of the situation. Dr. Lanyon is narrating this part of the story. Lanyon tells how he came to know about the Jekyll and Hyde secret. Lanyon’s narrative restricts the reader from knowing other facts and details of the story. Lanyon is only one able to tell the reader of the role he played. He is trustworthy in so much as that he is, or was, slightly limited in his knowledge. In chapter 9 of The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr.Hyde, “Dr. Lanyon’s Narrative,” there are two themes that appear. Science - In the reading, we come to realize how Dr. Jekyll’s science differs from that of Dr. Lanyon’s. While Jekyll leans more toward transcendental (supernatural) science, Lanyon believes more in a traditional set of scientific notions. And it is through Jekyll’s ability to transform into Hyde that shakes Lanyon’s beliefs so much that his shock actually leads to his death.
I believe that these themes are not only very universal but applicable to people. Appearance is something that people deal with everyday - whether it pertains to himself or those around them. An idea to ponder with the theme of appearance would be that someone may have another side to them that you may not see due to the fact that they suppress that side in fear of showing it to others. With the second theme, science is definitely an aspect that everyone will face in their life. And while you will find those who share that same opinion as you on the subject, you will also come upon many who do not. So I implore people to be open minded toward others opinion rather than be closed off to any other thoughts. Appearance - In this chapter, it is revealed to the reader that Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde are the same person - though with two very different personalities. Jekyll is the respectably handsome, well put together gentleman that people adore. Hyde on the other hand, is the ugly, evil looking man that those around him try to avoid. Morbid - (adj) suggesting an unhealthy mental state or attitude; unwholesome gloomy, sensitive, extreme.
“In my extreme distress of mind, I have a morbid fear of misdirecting you; but even I am in error, you may know the right drawer by its contents: some powders, a phial, and a paper book.” (Stevenson, Pg. 36)
The troubled teen had a morbid interest in death. Phial - (n) a small bottle that contains a drug (especially a sealed sterile container for injection by needle) “In my extreme distress of mind, I have a morbid fear of misdirecting you; but even I am in error, you may know the right drawer by its contents: some powders, a phial, and a paper book.” (Stevenson, Pg. 36) The phial had a clear, unidentifiable liquid in it. Foreseen - (v) to have prescience of; to know in advance; foreknow
“You should be back if you set out at once on the receipt of this, long before midnight...not only in the fear of one of those objects that can neither be prevented nor foreseen...” (Stevenson, Pg. 37)
The climax of the book was easily foreseen by its readers due to obvious hints within the storyline. Hansom - (n) a low-hung, two-wheeled, covered vehicle drawn by one horse, for two passengers, with the driver being mounted on an elevated seat behind and the reins running over the roof. “I rose accordingly from table, got into a hansom, and drove straight to Jekyll’s house.” (Stevenson, Pg. 37) The hansom jolted to a sudden stop as a stray animal suddenly appeared before it, throwing its occupants out of their seats. Crystalline - (adj) of or like crystal; clear; transparent

“I found what seemed to me a simple crystalline salt of white color.” (Stevenson, Pg. 38)
Table salt is a crystalline solid. Pungent - (adj) sharply affecting the organs of taste or smell, as if by a penetrating power; biting, acrid “The phial ,to which I turned my attention, might have been half full of a blood-red liquor, which was highly pungent to the sense of smell, and seemed to me to contain phosphorus and some volatile ether.” (Stevenson, Pg. 38) The pungent smell in the D building had been caused by the sewer being backed-up. Tincture - (n) a solution of alcohol or of alcohol and water, containing animal, vegetable, or chemical drugs “Here were a phial of some tincture, a paper of some salt, and the record of a series of experiments that had led (like to many of Jekyll’s investigations) to no end of practical uselessness.” (Stevenson, Pg. 38) In my pharmacology class we are studying different types of tinctures and what they are used for. Impediment - (n) obstruction; hindrance; obstacle “And even granting some impediment, why was this gentleman to be received by me in secret?” (Stevenson. Pg. 38) The bride’s parents were an impediment to her marriage for they did not like who their future son-in-law was to be. Idiosyncratic - (n) a characteristic, habit, mannerism, or the like, that is peculiar to an individual

“At the time, I set it down to some idiosyncratic, personal distaste, and merely wondered at the acuteness of the symptoms...” (Stevenson, Pg. 39)

The village’s idiot walked through town dressed in his idiosyncratic manner, wearing a bright, flowery top with striped pants. Ludicrous - (adj) causing laughter because of absurdity; provoking or deserving derision; ridiculous; laughable
“Strange to relate, this ludicrous accoutrement was far from moving me to laughter.” (Stevenson, Pg. 39)
Its ludicrous to think that someone will do your homework for you without some kind of compensation. Accoutrement - (n) personal clothing, accessories, etc

“Strange to relate, this ludicrous accoutrement was far from moving me to laughter.” (Stevenson, Pg. 39)

He was arrested and charged with impersonating an officer with illegal military accoutrement. Ebullition - (n) a seething or overflowing, as of passion or feeling; outburst “Suddenly and at the same moment, the ebullition ceased, and the compound changed to a dark purple, which faded again more slowly to a watery green.” (Stevenson, Pg. 40). Due to too much catalyst being added into the the solution, an ebullition reaction had occurred. 1.What were the items present in Dr. Jekyll’s drawer? 2.How does Mr. Lanyon react when he sees Dr. Jekyll’s transformation and why does he react in the way that he does? 3.How does Lanyon’s opinion of Hyde (including attitude and appearance) add to the reader’s depiction of the character? 4.Even though the reader has already inferred that Hyde is Jekyll’s darker side, why does Lanyon’s witnessing and description of Hyde’s transformation appear so shockingly? 5.Why do you believe Lanyon cannot “bring [his] mind to set on paper” what Jekyll had just explained to him following the transformation? DR. LANYON-
Lanyon goes and breaks into Dr. Jekyll’s laboratory and steals all the potions and medicines that Jekyll told him to steal. Lanyon then sees the man that comes to take the chemicals. He is then asked by the man if he wanted to do the experiment right in front of Lanyon or outside somewhere else. Lanyon says in front of him because he went through all the trouble to get the chemicals. He then witnesses Hyde turn into Jekyll and is amazed. DR. JEKYLL-
Dr. Jekyll has written a letter that is addressed to Lanyon. In this letter, Jekyll explains to Lanyon that he needs to break into his laboratory to get medicines and positions and that someone will come to pick them up from him at midnight. “He put the glass to his lips and drank at one gulp...my mind submerged in terror.”(pg.56) This passage describes, with vivid imagery, the transformation of Mr. Hyde into Dr. Jekyll. The language that Stevenson utilizes in this passage really allows the reader to picture what is occurring. The ghastliness of Hyde and Jekyll’s situation is emphasized when phrases such as Hyde “staring with injected eyes” and his features beginning to “melt and alter” are used. This passage proves to be a pivotal one in the novel as a whole, especially in this chapter, for the fact that this is what the novel and all actions taken place in it have been based upon: Jekyll’s transformation. HYDE-
Hyde is the person who comes to Lanyon’s door to receive the chemicals from Lanyon in order to do the experiment. Once he received the okay from Lanyon to do it in front of him, Hyde takes the chemicals and turns into Dr. Jekyll. “O God!” I screamed, and “O God!” again and again; for there before my eyes—pale and shaken, and half fainting, and groping before him with his hands, like a man restored from death—there stood Henry Jekyll!”(pg.56) POOLE & LOCKSMITH-
Poole and Locksmith both had helped in breaking into Jekyll’s laboratory so that Lanyon was able to get the acquired items that Jekyll had listed in the letter. Poole is also Jekyll’s butler. This quote follows Lanyon’s vivid description of Hyde’s transformation back into Jekyll. At this point, the reader can realize how shocked Lanyon is by what Jekyll partakes in and what this means for his own scientific beliefs. One can note that the shock expressed in this quote by Lanyon was not simply based upon viewing the transformation as a whole and how horrified he is, but also upon other realizations made by Lanyon at the time. Lanyon has come to realize that not only has this strange yet fascinating transformation just occurred, but he allowed it to come about. He was the one who gave Hyde the potion and if he had not done so, this event would not have taken place under his watch. His previous ridicule of Jekyll’s experiments as “unscientific balderdash” now prove to them to be false accusations. This quote also proves to be ironic as Lanyon watches Jekyll being “restored from death” as he describes it, but later, even though this transformation has given life, in a sense, to Dr. Jekyll, Lanyon dies as a result of watching such a horrific event. “Lanyon, my life, my honour, my reason, are all at your mercy; if you fail me tonight, I am lost.”(pg.51) This quote stood out as important to the chapter because it shows the emotions that are beginning to emerge at this point in the novel. There is this sense of urgency that is now being shown by Jekyll directly that the reader has never quite seen before. His scientific expeditions and experiments have been kept silently and confidentially to himself and it is not until now that we are able take a look into what Jekyll is actually going through. Jekyll appears desperate at this point for help from his friends and consequently puts Lanyon into a position in which he cannot fail for the sake of Dr. Jekyll and his own conscience. With a friend presenting such a sense of urgency, Lanyon was truly given no choice but to assist Jekyll with his strange demands. Tone is “the writer's attitude toward the material and/or readers.” Tone may be playful, formal, intimate, angry, serious, ironic, outraged, baffled, tender, serene, depressed, etc. In the chapter “Dr. Lanyon’s Narrative” of the novel The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde there are a series of different types of tone that Stevenson is trying to get across. 1. The Element of Surprise: This is the chapter where the reader discovers that Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde are the same person. Stevenson incorporates this into this chapter with the scene where Hyde drinks the mixture and turns back into Jekyll right in front of Dr. Lanyon. “a change-he seemed to swell- his face became suddenly black and the features seemed to melt and alter- and the next moment, I had sprung to my feet an leaped back against the wall, my arms raised to shield me from that prodigy, my mind submerged in terror.” 2. Dr. Jekyll’s Desperation: Dr. Jekyll’s letter to Dr. Lanyon directly shows the desperation in his situation. He makes the statement, “Lanyon my life, my honour, my reason, are all at your mercy; if you fail me to-night. I am lost.”, which shows that without help from Lanyon, Jekyll will be a lost cause. Jekyll even states at one point that if Lanyon cannot complete the task on time then he will “have seen the last of Henry Jekyll.” The desperation continues throughout the chapter when the messenger comes at midnight for the drawer. Dr. Lanyon presents the messenger, or as what the audience know to be Hyde, with the drawer and he “sprang to it, and then paused, and laid his hand upon his heart: I could hear his teeth grate with the convulsive action of his jaws.” When reading this novel, I was reminded of the movie “Fight Club”. The character named Tyler Durden is played by Brad Pitt. Throughout the movie he creates his own underground fight club where other characters come to fight each other. As the movie goes on, it turns out that Tyler Durden (Brad Pitt) is fighting himself under the name of Edward Norton. However, the twist to the movie is that Edward Norton, the narrator, turns out to be the alter ego for Tyler Durden’s character. A woman named Shirley Ardell Mason was born on January 25th, 1923 and died in February 26th, 1998 at the age of 95 from breast cancer. There is a movie made about her called Sybal and in the movie, her name is Sybal so that her identity would be kept a secret. She was abused by the hands of her own mother severely. She went to college however, began to have blackouts and breakdowns so she went to a psychiatrist. As she went to her sessions, she was diagnosed with having 16 personalities known as multiple personality disorder. She received sessions for 11 years with the same psychiatrist and helped by having all 16 personalities turn into just one person instead of multiple. 3. The Dedication of a Friend: Although the situation is strange to Dr. Lanyon and he is given no explanation for the weird series of events that he is supposed to perform, the doctor does not hesitate to complete the wishes of his friend. For example, Dr. Lanyon made it clear he wasn’t comfortable with the plans as he explained that they struck him as “disagreeable” and he felt the need to keep his “hand on my weapon”. Stevenson uses complex sentence structure in this chapter, as well as throughout the rest of the novel. His diction is lively and engaging; and he doesn’t miss any opportunity to add detailed and descriptive words. Doppelganger: the doppelganger effect is used throughout the novel but there is an emphasis put on this chapter because it is the first time that Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde are revealed as the same person.

Conflict: Stevenson uses the conflict between Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde to intrigue the reader. The usual conflict between man and himself is given a new twist when man’s inner self is reflected in the flesh. Dr. Jekyll struggles to resist the urges and overcoming power of Mr. Hyde- his alter ego.

Amplification: Many of the sentences are amplified in this chapter; an example of this in the chapter is “Rather, as there was something abnormal and misbegotten in the very essence of the creature that now faced--something seizing, surprising and revolting--this fresh disparity seemed but to fit in with and to reinforce it; so that to my interest in the man’s nature and character, there was added curiosity as to his origin, his life, his fortune and status in the world."

Flashback: Dr. Lanyon flashes back to when he receives a letter from Dr. Jekyll...”On the ninth of January, now four days ago, I received by the evening delivery a registered envelope...”
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