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BUDDHISM

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on 17 February 2014

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Transcript of BUDDHISM

BUDDHISM
Where did Buddhism originate?
How was Buddhism founded?
Siddhartha Gautama is the founder of Buddhism
He was an Indian prince who gave up everything to find enlightenment
He went across India to find the answer of suffering
There were many who chose to live simply and gain wisdom
Siddhartha tried to live like the people but didn't succeed
Determined to find the answer, he sat under a tree
The first turning the wheel of Dharma
After 40 years there was a wide variety of people following his teachings
Symbols of Buddhism
The Buddha sitting blessing and meditating and his footprints
The Lotus Flower
Mandalas
The Lion
Umbrella
Their Shaved Heads
Their Robes
The Bodi Tree
Holy scriptures of Buddhism
"The Noble Eightfold Path"
The Scriptures are written in Pali and Sanskrit and are called the Tripitaka
Some unnamed scriptures have teachings of the Buddha others have have teachings from monks and Buddhist teachers.
After enlightenment, Buddha spent 40 years traveling across Northern India.
Buddhism originated in Bodh Gaya, Northern India.
Buddhism started in 500 B.C.E
It entered China and Korea in the 4th century.
6th century- Japan
Now practiced internationally.
Festivals
In Thailand, Buddhists celebrate Vaisakha
In Sri Lanka, A New Year Festival
In Tibet, there's a Festival called Gutor
In Japan, people celebrate Higan
Spiritual splits in Buddhism
At the second monk meeting, 100 years later, different opinions were formed about Buddhism
They split in 3 main groups
Mahayana, Theravada, and Vijayanagar.
They are different in how they choose to interpret the Buddha's teachings in festivals and lifestyles
Life and Death
Essential beliefs and teachings
Death is not the end of life
You enter the 6 paths of rebirth
Heavenly beings, humans, Asuras, Hungary ghosts and hell beings.
The rebirth cycle
Reaching Nibanna
There is a lot of suffering on human life
Buddha taught everyone not to worship him as a God
Buddha had five teachings:
1. No harming or killing living things
2. Don't take things without permission
3. Live a decent life
4. Speak kindly to others and don't ie
5. Don't drink alcohol or do drugs
Now for some questions!
Thanks for listening!
Important places connected to Buddhism
Lumbini- The Buddha's birthplace
Vaisbali- The first place Budhha visited after leaving his palace
Bodh Gaya- Where Buddha first gained wisdom
Sarnath- Where Buddha first taught his audience about his insight
Sarvasti- The place of the Twin Miracle
Kushinagar- The Buddha's deathplace
How Buddhism has impacted modern society and vice-versa
Buddhism has spread almost to all the countries in the world
Buddhism has impacted the world to live peacefully, truthfully and in a non-violent way
Buddhism has found a way to stop suffering in the world
Buddhists taught the society to change your bad thinking, speaking, and actions to good
Buddhists help people in need in the society
Buddhism Creation Story Beliefs
Current events related to Buddhism
In the 20th century, China had banned Buddhism and many Buddhist temples and works of art were destroyed
The Dalai Lama was forced to leave the country
In Burma, Buddhist monks recently protested against the government
Buddhists were involved in a lot of political conflict in Northern India and Sri Lanka, especially
Buddhism doesn't begin with a God or Creator
Buddhists don't pay attention to creation stories nor do they believe in them
Buddhists are only focussed on find peace and on the Buddha's teachings
Buddhists don't believe in fixed work
Buddhism offers principles but not any strict rules
Buddhists can decide whether or not they want to do something
Ex.some Buddhists are vegetarians, some are not
The 5 precepts are the basic guidelines to live by
Monks have additional rules called the "Vinaya"
Monks and nuns are traditionally only allowed to have 8 items:
robes
belt
needle and thread
razor
alms bowl
walking sticks
toothpick
Meditate and study scriptures
If you become a Buddhist, you must follow the 5 precepts
Buddhists are expected to live simple lives
They must find time to meditate and free the mind from stress
Buddhist monks and nuns always wear yellow robes (and the occasiopnal red robes)
They must follow and respect the Buddha's teachings
They try to follow the middle path to reach Nibanna
They try to fufill the 3 jewels: I go to Buddha as my refuge, I go to the Sanga as my refuge, I go to the Dharma for refuge
What is expected from you if you want to become a Buddhist and what you should know
What Buddhists do in daily life
Full transcript